you

See also: yōu, yóu, yǒu, and yòu

English

Wikipedia

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English you, yow, ȝow, (object case of ye), from Old English ēow, īow ("you"; dative case of ġē), from *iwwiz ("you"; dative case of *jīz), Western form of Proto-Germanic *izwiz ("you"; dative case of *jūz), from Proto-Indo-European *yūs (you (plural)), *yū́. Cognate with West Frisian jo (you), Low German jo (you), Dutch jou and u (you), Middle High German eu, iu (you, obj. pron.), Latin vōs (you), Avestan 𐬬𐬋 (, you).

See usage notes. Ye, you and your are cognate with Dutch jij/je, jou, jouw; Low German ji, jo/ju, jug and German ihr, euch and euer respectively. Ye is also cognate with archaic Swedish I.

Pronunciation

When a word ending in /t/, /d/, /s/, or /z/ is followed by you, these may coalesce with the /j/, resulting in /tʃ/, /dʒ/, /ʃ/ and /ʒ/, respectively. This is occasionally represented in writing, e.g. gotcha (from got you).

Pronoun

you (second person, singular or plural, nominative or objective, possessive determiner your, possessive pronoun yours, singular reflexive yourself, plural reflexive yourselves)

  1. (object pronoun) The people spoken, or written to, as an object. [from 9th c.]
    • 1611, Bible, Authorized (King James) Version. Genesis XLII:
      And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spake unto you, saying, Ye are spies [...].
  2. (reflexive, now US colloquial) (To) yourselves, (to) yourself. [from 9th c.]
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Richard III:
      If I may counsaile you, some day or two / Your Highnesse shall repose you at the Tower [...].
    • 1611, Bible, Authorized (King James) Version. Genesis XIX:
      And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city.
    • 1975, Joseph Nazel, Death for Hire:
      You'd better get you a gun and kill him before he kills you or somebody.
  3. (object pronoun) The person spoken to or written to, as an object. (Replacing thee; originally as a mark of respect.) [from 13th c.]
    • c. 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book VIII:
      I charge you, as ye woll have my love, that ye warne your kynnesmen that ye woll beare that day the slyve of golde uppon your helmet.
  4. (subject pronoun) The people spoken to or written to, as a subject. (Replacing ye.) [from 14th c.]
    Both of you should get ready now.
    You are all supposed to do as I tell you.
  5. (subject pronoun) The person spoken to or written to, as a subject. (Originally as a mark of respect.) [from 15th c.]
    • c. 1395, Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Clerk's Tale", Canterbury Tales, Ellesmere manuscript (c. 1410):
      certes lord / so wel vs liketh yow / And al youre werk / and euere han doon / þat we / Ne koude nat vs self deuysen how / We myghte lyuen / in moore felicitee [...].
    • 1814, Jane Austen, Mansfield Park:
      You are right, Fanny, to protest against such an office, but you need not be afraid.
  6. (indefinite personal pronoun) Anyone, one; an unspecified individual or group of individuals (as subject or object). [from 16th c.]
    • 2001, Polly Vernon, The Guardian, 5 May 2001:
      You can't choose your family, your lovers are difficult and volatile, but, oh, you can choose your friends - so doesn't it make much more sense to live and holiday with them instead?

Usage notes

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also

Determiner

you

  1. The individual or group spoken or written to.
    Have you gentlemen come to see the lady who fell backwards off a bus?
  2. Used before epithets for emphasis.
    You idiot!

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

you (third-person singular simple present yous, present participle youing, simple past and past participle youed)

  1. (transitive) To address (a person) using the pronoun you, rather than thou.

Statistics


Japanese

Romanization

you

  1. rōmaji reading of よう

See also


Mandarin

Romanization

you

  1. Nonstandard spelling of yōu.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of yóu.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of yǒu.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of yòu.

Usage notes


Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old English ēow.

Pronoun

you

  1. you

Descendants


Mirandese

FWOTD - 15 November 2012

Pronunciation

Pronoun

you

  1. I (the first-person singular pronoun)
    • 2008, Picä Tumilho (band), “Ai que cochino!!! (ver. II)” (song), in Faíçca: Ua stória d'amor i laboura (album):
      I you cun muita fuorça spetei bien la faca
      And I strongly skewered (with) the knife.
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