Iranian Azerbaijan

Iranian Azerbaijan (Persian and Azerbaijani: آذربایجان) is in the extreme northwest of Iran, by the border with the country and former Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan.

Four provinces in Iranian Azerbaijanː West Azerbaijan (west), East Azerbaijan (middle north), Ardebil (east), and Zanjan (south).


Provincial capitals

Other major cities


Iranian Azerbaijan is traditionally inhabited by Turkic Azeri people. The region's formation in its current borders dates back to Turkmanchay Treaty of 1828. By the treaty, Iran (Persia) ceded to Russia control of several Iranian Azerbaijani areas in the South Caucasus, which is now an independent country known as Azerbaijan Republic. The boundary between Russian Empire and Iran (Persia) was set at the Aras river.

This region, especially eastern parts of it, is probably one of the most beautiful places in Iran. The region is known for its friendly people, and also known for the great food.

Iranian Azerbaijan is comprised of Ardabil Province, Zanjan Province, as well as East and West Azerbaijan provinces of Iran.


Azeri people of Iran are mostly bilingual. They are fluent in their native language, Azeri Turkish, and also the official language of Iran, Persian.

Get in

By plane

International Airport

Tabriz International Airport.

Tabriz International Airport is the only international Airport in Iranian Azerbaijan which has flight to some of Iranian cities as well as some of the neighboring countries.

Domestic Airports

By car

By the newly built bridge over the Urmia lake Tabriz is reachable from Urmia in 1.5 hours.

By train

Tabriz Railway Station

Some of the Iranian Azerbaijan cities have access to the railway includingː Tabriz, Maraghe, Salmas, and Jolfa.

By bus

There are bus lines from Provincial Capitals: Tabriz, Ardabil, Urmia, and Zanjan to major Iranian cities. There are minibus lines for connecting the smaller cities to the provincial capitals of Iranian Azerbaijan.


St.Stepanos monastery


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