Vinnytsya (Ukrainian: Вінниця ) is a city in Central Ukraine. The administrative center of the Vinnytsia area and Vinnytsia region. Located 267 km south-west of Kyiv. A historic town known since Middle Ages and a former Soviet Cold War-airbase, Vinnytsia is now an industrial center (particularly, dominated by the Roshen corporation), a growing international IT-outsource center and the main base of the Ukrainian Air Force.



A long lasting warm summer with a sufficient quantity of moisture and a comparatively short winter is characteristic of Vinnytsia. The average temperature in January is −5.8 °C (21.6 °F) and 18.3 °C (64.9 °F) in July. The average annual precipitation is 638 mm (25 in). - Throughout the year, 6–9 days per year include snowstorms, 37–60 days of the year include mists during the cold period, and 3–5 days include thunder storms with hail.


The Old Water Tower in City Center

Vinnytsia has been an important trade and political center since the fourteenth century, when Fedir Koriatowicz, the nephew of the Lithuanian Duke Olgerd, built a fortress (1363) against Tatar raiders on the banks of the Southern Bug. From that time on, the town became a part of Lithuania, Poland, Turkey, Cossacks and eventually Russia, which annexed the city and region following the Second Partition of Poland in 1793. Russia moved to expunge the Roman Catholic religion – Catholic churches in the city (including what is now the Transfiguration Cathedral) were converted to Russian Orthodox churches. Victims' graves from the Vinnytsia massacre during the Stalinist repression of 1937–1938 were exhumed by the invading Germans in 1943. - Adolf Hitler sited his easternmost headquarters 'Führerhauptquartier Werwolf' near the town and spent a number of weeks there in 1942 and early 1943. - Nazi atrocities were committed in and near Vinnytsia by Einsatzgruppe C. Estimates of the number of victims run as high as 28,000. This included the virtual extinction of the town's large Jewish population.

Get in

By train

Vinnica Central Railway Station

By bus

Get around

Vinnytsia Tramway

Vinnytsia public transport include Buses, Trams, Trolleys and minibuses. Tramway network routes:

Route № 1 «Railway Station — Electric Power Plant»

Route № 2 «Vishenka — Barske Parkway»

Route № 4 «Railway Station — Barske Parkway»

Route № 5 «Электросеть — Barske Parkway»

Route № 6 «Railway Station — Vishenka»



St. Nicolas church (1746)



Hotel Savoy on the main street, 1913

Day Tours



Glory Memorial and eternal fire in Kozitsky Park



Ukrainian Music and Drama Theatre




Shopping centre





Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Tuesday, January 26, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.