Székesfehérvár

Bishop's Palace on Városháza square

Székesfehérvár is the largest city and county seat of Fejér county, Hungary. Located roughly 60km southwest of Budapest, the city is considered Hungary's first, as this was the royal seat of King Szent István (also known as Saint Stephan). Though most of the medieval city was destroyed by the Turks, it was rebuilt to glory under Maria Theresa Habsburg. The city is also located in between Lake Velence and Lake Balaton, making it an ideal stop-off between the two.

Understand

Székesfehérvár, (Latin Alba Regia) is one of our most ancient towns in Hungary.

During his principality (972 - 997) Géza the Grand Duke established Székesfehérvár as his princely dwelling on the hills surrounded by swamps and therefore considered safe. His palace was fortified by ditches and ramparts, and the Byzantine-style, quatrefoil church, which was one of the first Hungarian stone built churches and later served as his resting-place.

During the reign of King St Stephen (1001 -1038) it was a populous and extended settlement, surrounded by palings and walls built of soil. King Stephen's basilica,built in this time. It- was one of the most monumental buildings in Europe at that time.

In the 12th century was the time of great building operations in Székesfehérvár. The monks settling in the city as well as the inhabitants enriched Alba Regia by building pompous churches, monasteries, and dwelling houses. The construction of Saint Peter's cathedral - next to Saint Peter's church, built under the principality of Géza - was started in the 13th century. King Béla IV was crowned in this cathedral. The city was fenced with walls in the 14th century.

The Turks occupied the strategically important town in 1543 and kept it under their rule for 145 years.

In 1703 the city gained back its former title as a free royal city again. In the 1720s major construction were started: first the Franciscans then the Carmelites built churches, and under the rule of Maria Theresa there were Baroque-, rococo-, and so called copf-style town-houses built.

In 1800's the first Hungarian and German primary school opened its gates, the education was started at the Jesuits' secondary school, and this town was the first to embrace the cause of the Hungarian theatrical art.

Get in

By train

Train station in Székesfehérvár

By bus

By car

The M7 runs just south of Székesfehérvár and is the fastest way to arrive. From the exit merge onto 63 which will eventually take you into Piac Square.

By taxi

Since the city is 60km out of Budapest this is by far the most expensive option. If, however, you are arriving at Ferihegy and are going directly to Székesfehérvár, Zona Taxi offers a fixed rate of 20000 Hungarian forint.

Get around

If you are going to Bory's Castle you will need to travel either by car or bus. From the bus station take bus #26 or #26A and from the train station #32. Make sure to tell the bus driver you're going to Bory Vár because none of the buses will take you directly there and you won't know otherwise when to get off.

See

Churches

Medieval Ruin Garden and neighborhood
St. Emeric Church

Museums

King St. Stephen Museum, Main street
Black Eagle Pharmacy Museum
Clock Museum
Rác utca museum village

Monuments

Bishop wells monument
Equestrian statue of St. Stephen
Prohászka memorial
Tens Hussars monument
World War I memorial

Further afield

Bory's castle in suburban Székesfehérvár
Gorsium, a Roman settlement of 200 hectares

Do

Events

Királyi Napok Nemzetközi Néptáncfesztivál

Öreghegyi Mulatságok

Fehérvári Zenei Napok - FeZeN

Musica Regia (Aug)

Királyi Borlakoma - Virágálom Pünkösdkor(pentecost)

Kortárs Művészeti Fesztivál (may)

Fúvószenekari Koncertek a Zichy ligetben (Aug Sundays evening)

Harmonia Albensis templomi koncertek (Jul)

Aranybulla Művészeti Napok (Aug)

Fehérvári Vigasságok - Lecsófesztivál (end of Sep)

Fehérvári Advent - Karácsonyi Sokadalom (Dec)

Bolondballagás (end of Apr)

Buy

Eat

Drink

Sleep

Central Lodge **

Geo Hostel

Panama Motel

Kertész Csárda és Fogadó

Go next

Velence Lake.One of the country's most popular resorts.
Routes through Székesfehérvár

Nagykanizsa Siófok  W  E  Velence Budapest


This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Tuesday, September 22, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.