Sundarbans National Park

This park extends into Bangladesh - for that section see Sundarbans

Sundarbans National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Southeast Bengal, India.


A broad, tree-lined river in the park

Sundarbans National Park is marked as the Core area of Sundarban tiger reserve in Sundarban Reserve Forest. Sundarbans Reserve Forest is located in southern part of South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. The meaning of the Bengali word sundarban is "beautiful forest". Sundarbans is a plastic free zone, so if you bring any plastic with you, remember to take it out when you leave.


The Sundarbans are the largest littoral mangrove belt in the world, stretching 80 km (50mi) into the Bangladeshi and Indian hinterland from the coast. The Sundarbans has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The part of the forest within Indian territory is called Sundarbans National Park. The forests aren't just mangrove swamps though they include some of the last remaining stands of the mighty jungles which once covered the Gangetic plain. The Sundarbans cover an area of 3,850 sq km, of which about one-third is covered in water/marsh areas. Since 1966 the Sundarbans have been a wildlife sanctuary, and it is estimated that there are now 400 Royal Bengal tigers and about 30,000 spotted deer in the area. The forest is called 'Sunderban'due to the rich growth of Sundari trees.


A river's muddy shore

Flora and fauna

Royal Bengal Tiger, Saltwater Crocodile, Deers, Birds, Bull Sharks, Various Primates & Snakes.


Monsoon cruises are spectacular.

Get in

Sundarbans National Park is on the south-eastern fringe of West Bengal and part of Sundarbans Reserve Forest. The adjacent inhabited areas of the Indian part of Sundarban are well connected with Kolkata by both roadways and railways.


One of the park's inhabitants

Foreigners wishing to visit Sundarbans have to obtain a special permit. This is mandatory as per Government rule. It can now,however be obtained at the Sajnekhali Forest Office(Ecotourism Range) .The originals have to be shown to the forest office on your arrival.

A permit for maximum 5 days is usually granted which can be further extended subject to the permission of local forest officer.


Must see places to Visit when you are in Sundarbans:

Sajnekhali Watch Tower Dobanki Watch Tower Sudhanyakhali Watch tower Neti Dhopani Watch Tower Kumirmari Watch Tower Jhingamari Watch tower Bonnie camp Watch tower Bhagabatpur Crocodile park

Chargheri Char - Mud Flats, a new and unique place in Sundarbans where you can feel the mudflats and do a few hours of jungle and coastal trek (in the mud as well as coast).

All these can be covered in varying lengths of time, say in a 1N 2D package you may be able to cover 2 - 3 watch towers, in 2N 3D package you may be able to cover a few more and so on.

You can also opt for package tours of Sundarbans conducted by:

This agency takes good care of their guests and sees to it that you can cover maximum watchtowers.


Be sure that you have booked your lodging or trip package through a responsible tourism organisation that shares the tourism benefit with local communities, does not employ child labour, and practices environment-friendly tourism.



Fresh Sea Fish. Prawn. Lobster. Dry Fish Curry. Cottage Cheese. Pan Cake. Rice Pudding (Bengali dessert). Local sweet curd.


Filtered or boiled water (do not insist on mineral water unless it is a part of your personal medication. Mineral water comes in plastic bottles. Sundarbans is a No-Plastic Zone.) Fresh coconut juice. Fresh watermelon juice. Mango juice.


NOTE: To avoid the unsavory, corrupt, and thoroughly untrustworthy booking services based in Kolkata, it is best to get a place to stay on arrival without advance reservation.


If you are backpacking, go to Godhkhali/Pakhirala and inquire about the boats. They are generally cheaper, but there is always the risk that you may not get one on weekend and important dates and have to abandon your tour from there.

Overnight stay on the boat,is possible and is a unique experience.However check out the HYGIENE and SAFETY of the boat before you do so. Most of the BOATS HAVE SINGLE TOILETS and the toilets on the boats stink and may not be so clean as most of the boats carry maximum no of passengers ( 25, 35, 40 or maybe 60) as per their Licensed capacity during the day and all those passengers use on-board bathrooms.

However, if you find one such nice boat, the experience of overnight stay on the boat and the scenic beauty of the dawn on the water is absolutely breathtaking and mesmerizing.

Always insist or inquire whether the boat you would be travelling has "Life jackets, Lifebuoys as well as Fire Extinguishers/Fire Fighting measures" as those are minimum prerequisite safety measures (MOST OF THE BOATS DO NOT HAVE THEM) So be very careful in planning your trip in small boats.You may peril your own life as well as the lives of your near and dear ones by availing the services of such small boats which do not have these SAFETY measures. TRAVEL SAFE, TRAVEL HAPPY

Stay safe

The Sundarbans is the only place in the world where Tigers still actively hunt humans for food and usually between 50 and 80 locals are mauled per year. The Royal Bengal Tiger is extremely dangerous in the Sundarbans, but most visitors need not worry since wildlife tours and accommodation that is provided by state government will never put you in harms way; however if you are interested in private tour (by hiring a small machine boat or so), do it at your own risk! The Sundarbans is also home to a population of Saltwater Crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) and Bullsharks are found throughout the estuaries, so swimming is not advised anywhere.

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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Friday, January 22, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.