Fishing is much more than just the activity of trying to catch fish: it is an ancient art form that is practised in many different ways across the world. Normally fish are caught in the wild, but the techniques for catching fish can include hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping.


Can you pull in Leviathan with a fishhook, or tie down its tongue with a rope?
Can you put a cord through its nose, or pierce its jaw with a hook? Book of Job
Ice fishing in Sweden.

The term fishing may be applied to catching other aquatic animals such as molluscs (clams, squids etc), crustaceans (crabs, shrimp etc), and echinoderms (starfish, sea cucumbers etc), but not normally to catching farmed fish, or to aquatic mammals, such as whales, where the term whaling is more appropriate.

Some people make a living from fishing. For travelers, catching fish is more often recreational, but can help when wilderness backpacking and cruising on small craft, to get by with less food in the baggage.

In most parts of the world, fishing is regulated by law, and totally prohibited in many places. Always inquire with local authorities about fishing rights and regulations which vary greatly from region to region.


Fishing fees can vary wildly from region to region. From private exclusive fishing camps that charge handsomely for access to isolated rivers, to the Nordic right to roam that allows fishing for free by some means in some bodies of water. Details vary by country.

Types of fishing


Angling is a method of sport fishing by means of an "angle" (fish hook). The hook is usually attached to a fishing line and the line is often attached to a fishing rod. Fishing rods are usually fitted with a fishing reel that functions as a mechanism for storing, retrieving and paying out the line. The hook itself can be dressed with lures or bait and a bite indicator such as a float or fishing bobber is sometimes used.

Fly fishing

Fly fishing is a specialized type of angling where the casting weight is in the heavy line followed by a small nearly weightless tippet and a variety of area specific fishing flies which imitate natural accruing food organisms. This type of fishing is considered one of the most difficult to learn and tends to be very regionally specific.

Ice fishing

When waters are covered by ice, fishing requires special techniques. Recreational ice fishing is usually by angling through a hole with simple equipment, but e.g. net fishing under the ice and fishing with a club on thin transparent ice are also practiced.


Net fishing is the preferred method for professional fishermen. As fishing nets are more intrusive on the ecosystem than hand-held equipment, they are often not appropriate for recreational fishing.

Shell fishing

Sometimes called clamming or clam digging, shellfishing is way to harvest clams (edible infaunal bivalve mollusks) from below the surface of the tidal sand flats or mud flats where they live using a variety of tools from shovels to specialized clamming forks and rakes.

Spear fishing

Ancient methods of fishing from shores or boats have given away to more modern spear guns and slings. Often combined with scuba diving and snorkeling to strike at hunted fish.

Lobster Traps in Nova Scotia, Canada

Trap fishing

There are a wide variety of fish traps from traditional traps made from natural materials to more modern crab traps which are designed to be species specific. Generally these are left for a period of time and checked periodically for catches.


Fishing is often combined with wilderness backpacking and cruising on small craft so the type and quantity of clothing to wear depends heavily on the location, season and type of fishing that you are participating in. You probably need more protection from water than non-fishers. The key strategy in all but the hottest climates is to layer your clothing. If the temperature is going to vary wildly, carrying a set of clothing for the warm times and another set for the cool times will take up extra space and add extra weight. Instead bring clothes cool enough for daytime fishing, and bring extra layers to put on over them for colder temperatures. Fishing often times means being far from civilization so plan accordingly.


Fishing tackle is a general term that refers to the equipment used by fishermen when fishing. Fishing tackle varies greatly depending on fishing techniques.

Almost any equipment or gear used for fishing can be called fishing tackle. Some examples are hooks, lines, sinkers, floats, rods, reels, baits, lures, spears, nets, gaffs, traps, waders and tackle boxes.

Tackle that is attached to the end of a fishing line is called terminal tackle. This includes hooks, sinkers, fishing flies, floats, leaders, swivels, split rings and wire, snaps, beads, spoons, blades, spinners and clevises to attach spinner blades to fishing lures.

See also knives.

Stay safe

See water sports#Stay safe for general safety advice at sea.

Tackle safety

Traditional fishing boat in Vietnam

Clothing safety


See also: Animal ethics

In many cases, fish should be released back into the water, with minimal harm.

If fish are to be killed and eaten, the killing should be as fast as painless as possible.

See also

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Friday, September 25, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.