Sopron

Sopron (pronounced "shop-ron"; German: Ödenburg, Croatian: Šopron, Latin: Scarbantia) is a city in Hungary, close to the Austrian border, with a population of about 61.000. The officially bilingual town (historical German language name Ödenburg).

Understand

History

View from the Fire tower, main square with Goat Church

When the area that is today Western Hungary was a province of the Roman Empire, a city called Scarbantia stood here. Its forum was located where the main square of Sopron can be found today. During the period of mass migration the once prosperous Scarbantia declined to become a lifeless city of ruins; a new settlement was created here only after the Hungarians took over the territory. Hungarians strengthened the old Roman city walls and built a castle. The town was named in Hungarian after a castle steward named Suprun. In 1273 King Otakar II of Bohemia occupied the castle. Even though he took the children of Sopron's nobility with him as hostages, the city opened its gates when the armies of King Ladislaus IV of Hungary arrived. The king rewarded Sopron by elevating it to the rank of free royal town. In 1529 the Turks devastated the city, but it did not fall under Turkish domination. Many Hungarians fled from the occupied areas to Sopron, and the city's importance grew. While the Ottomans occupied most of central Europe, the region north of lake Balaton remained in the Kingdom of Hungary (1538–1867). In 1676 Sopron was destroyed by a fire. The modern-day city was born in the next few decades, when Baroque buildings were built to replace the destroyed medieval ones. Sopron became the seat of the comitatus Sopron. Until 1918, the town (bilingual names OEDENBURG - SOPRON) was part of the Austrian monarchy, province of Hungary; inTransleithania after the compromise of 1867 in the Kingdom of Hungary. Following the breakup of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, after local unrest, Sopron's status as part of Hungary (along with that of the surrounding eight villages) was decided by a controversial, local plebiscite held on December 14, 1921, with 65% voting for Hungary. Since then Sopron has been called Civitas Fidelissima ("The Most Loyal Town"), and the anniversary of the plebiscite is a city holiday. Sopron suffered greatly during World War II and it was bombed several times. The Soviet Red Army captured the city on April 1, 1945. On August 19, 1989 the "Pan-European Picnic" took place near Sopron, when the "Iron Curtain" between Austria and Hungary was lifted for a few hours, allowing some hundred GDR citizens to cross the border.More

Orientation

Sopron birdview

¤ After being suppressed during the Cold War, Sopron's German-speaking culture and heritage are now recognized again. As a consequence, many of the city's street-and traffic-signs are written in both Hungarian and German making it an officially bilingual city due to its proximity to the Austrian frontier.

Get in

By plane

¤ Nearest international airports are Vienna (65 km) and Bratislava (100 km).

By car

¤ From Vienna, Austria on A2 until the Traiskirchen intersection, then on A3 until the Eisenstadt intersection, and on B16 to Sopron.

By bus

By train

Get around

¤ The city isn't large, so you can walk or buy a ticket to ride the public bus lines. Local bus timetables. Prices (2014). Tickets: - HUF 320 in advance, - from driver HUF 390. Passes: - HUF 6900 per month, - HUF 4,300 semimonthly, - HUF 2250 per seven-day, - HUF 780 per a daily ticket. Local season ticket and single tickets can buy at Volan Tourist Travel Agency (Address: Lackner Kristóf utca) or without queuing, 24/7, from a ticket vending machine, (located in the city ten points.)

¤ Sopron parking based on three zones. Parking map here . Paying with cash, chipcard or mobile. City center closed for cars (Except with special permisson).

¤ Sopron taxis list here. Rent a car from HUF4500 per day (Martiny Frigyes utca. 2/B. Tel.: +36 70 3200888)

¤ Getting around the city center by bike. Map here.

See

Downtown street by street

Main Square

Plakett on the Main square, rememembering for the Roman Scarbantina was an important post of the 'Amber Road'

Széchenyi Square

Ceiling of St. Jude Thaddeus Dominican Church

New (Új) Street

Old Synagogue with a collection of Jewish religion

Church (Templom) Street

Mining Museum in Palais Esterhazy
Great Lutheran Church, the third biggest in Hungary
Goat Catholic Church, provided a venue for coronations and parliamentary sessions.

Monastery (Kolostor) Street

Ursuline (Orsolya) square

Fomer Ursuline Church and convent
Mary's Well

St. George (Szent György) street

Erdődy palace, Szent György Street

Várkerület

Castle of Sopron ruins, Large Round Bastion or Barbican
A typical Baroque Dwelling House with eclectic facade, 18th century

Front gate (Előkapu) Street

Armoury (Fegyvertár) Street

Back gate (Hátsókapu) Street

Hátsókapu Street's Listed house

Deák Square

Bauhaus building on the corner of Deák square and Pázmány street

Balfi Road

Rákóczi Ferenc Street

Dwelling House, Rákóczi Ferenc Street

Rose (Rózsa) Street

Bécsi Street

Scarbantia Archaeological Park
Holy Spirit Parish Church

Hátulsó Street

St. Michael (Szent Mihály) road

Church of St Michael
"Two Moors" House, 18th century, baroque

Southwest

Lőverek

Carmelite monastery

Brennbergbánya

Brennbergbánya, it was one of the largest Hungarian coal mining colony

More sights

Former windmill on the Kuruc Hill

Further afield

Previous Episcopal quarry of Fertőrákos near Lake Neusiedl
The wonderful Esterházy-Palace Complex with decorative lighting

Do

One of the famous local wine, the "Kékfrankos" made from Blaufränkisch Grape

¤ Buy some bottles of the famous Hungarian wine "Kékfrankos"

¤ Take a walk in the forest around the city.

¤ Drink a coffee in the café at Széchényi Tér with a view on the beautiful Liszt Ferenc Központ (Theatre and Casino).

Franz Liszt cultural house, Former casino

In door Sports

Bowling

Fitness

Paprét, exercising hall from the 19th century

In door Swimming

Outdoor

Bicycle

Beach

Canoe

Climbing

Lake Fertő / Neusiedlersee

Fishing

Fertőrákos Boat harbor

Extrem sports

Football

Horse Riding

Paintball

Sailing

Tennis

Walking

An old street in Sopron
Spotted redshank one of the Animals of Fertőd-Hanság National Park

Cinemas, Theatres

University Library, Sopron

Events

¤ Festival Weeks - Concerts in the Cave Theatre in Fertőrákos.

¤ Early Music Festival

¤ Choral Festivals

¤ Spring Days

¤ Sopron Wine Festival

¤ Pan-European Picnic

Buy

Shopping is (still) cheaper than in neighbouring Austria.

In the city you can buy trendy clothes in the shop "Jeans Club" or you can buy clothes and other stuff in the Plaza outside of the city. There's a new shopping centre near to the border of the town, where you can find shops of various famous brands, like Benetton or New Yorker.

Volksbank in a Monument Building

Banks

Malls

Market

Hypermarkets

Supermarkets

Other stores

Eat

Cafes

Confectionery

Fast food, Pizzerias

Restaurants

A Hungarian filled pancake, Hortobagy-style

Lots of restaurants, predominantly Hungarian but also Viennese cuisine, frequented by Austrian daytime tourists.

Langos, a Hungarian hot snack

Drink

If you're in Sopron, you have to drink a glass of the famous wine of the area around sopron, it's called "Kékfrankos".

Cellars, Pubs

Clubs

Sleep

Budget

Mid range

Guesthouses

Pansions

Hotels

Stay healthy

Connect

¤ The country code of Hungary is 36. If you are calling abroad from a land line, dial 00 before your country code and phone number. Area code of Sopron is 99. Phone numbers are normally six digits.

¤ Cellular phone coverage is very good throughout the city. Three different networks are available, Telenor, T-Mobile and Vodafone.

Internet

¤ Most hotels do also have wireless free Internet access. Even a smaller accommodation have any (slower) free Wi-Fi.

Post offices

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Monday, December 14, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.