Sogn og Fjordane

Vik, a village by the Sognefjord.

Sogn og Fjordane is a county in West Norway. Sogn og Fjordane borders Hordaland in south, Møre og Romsdal in north. And Oppland and Buskerud to the east. This county sits in the centre of Norway's famous western fjords, and it also home to the longest and deepest fjord in Europe. Deeper fjords are found in Antarctica only. Unlike great fjords of Greenland and Antarctica, these fjords are easily accessible by train and car.


Blue: Nordfjord; fuchsia: Sunnfjord; yellow: Outer Sognefjord; green:Inner Sognefjord

Towns and villages

There are no big towns in this county. Regional hubs include Førde, Sogndal, Nordfjordeid and Stryn.



Other destinations


See also: Fjords of Norway

Sogn og Fjordane is characterized by its many fjords, of which the Sognefjord, with a length of 204 km (127 mi), is the longest fjord in Europe (although not the longest in the world as claimed in some tourist brochures). The fjord systems in this county is complex and mountains rise directly from fjord making land transport challenging. Nærøyfjord an arm of Sognefjord is together with Geirangerfjorden listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. North of Sognefjord there are two shorter fjords, Dalsfjord and Førdefjord. North of those you will find Nordfjord, which is 106 km (66 mi) long. The geography of the county is very varied and complex, featuring high mountain peaks, islands, and glaciers (including the Jostedalsbreen glacier, the largest glacier in continental Europe), gorge-like valleys, lovely lakes and some of the world's tallest waterfalls. Because of the very fragmented landscape settlement and roads are largely confined to narrow spots such as low valleys and shores.

Sogn og Fjordane is deer land.

Sogn og Fjordane is also home to Norway's largest population of red deer ("hjort"). Often seen along roads at dusk or dawn, particularly in spring.


People speak a Norwegian dialect. There is a vast variety of dialects, even in single municipalities there may be several. Nynorsk is the official form of writing in all municipalities. This writing form differs from Bokmål Norwegian written in urban areas and East Norway, and is more similar to the dialects spoken on the west coast.

Most people speak English, and many also have some knowledge of German.

Get in

By plane

There are four small airports in Sogn og Fjordane, all has scheduled flights from Oslo and Bergen.

By rail

Sogn og Fjordane has only one railway line. The railway between Myrdal and Flåm, witch is a great scenic ride. And a big tourist atraction. Myrdal is a station on the Oslo-Bergen line. A train journey from Oslo to Myrdal and then to Flåm, is an interesting way to enter Sogn og Fjordane.

By bus

There are long-distance coach lines from Bergen, Ålesund, Trondheim, Lillehammer and Oslo. Search on

By boat

There are two high-speed catamaran services from Bergen . One runs from Bergen up the coast and into the Sognefjord, ending in Flåm. The other runs up the coast of Sogn og Fjordane, ending in Selje at the border with Møre og Romsdal. Hurtigruten (Norwegian Coastal Steamer) calls Florø and Måløy.

By car

E39 is the major route from Bergen. From north on E39, from Ålesund. E16 (or the more scenic road 50) from Oslo to south Sogn og Fjordane. Road 15 is a good road to the north Sogn og Fjordane. Route 55 from Lom is a beautiful scenic drive over the highest mountain pass in Norway, 1440 m (4724 ft) above sea level.

Get around

By bus and passenger boat

Because of sparse population public transport is limited. The entire county is covered, although departures are scarce. However with some planning it is possible to experience Sogn og Fjordane by bus. Schedules for all public transportation can be found on internet]. Schedules covering all public transportation can be found on ferries, buses, bus stations and tourist information offices. These schedules are however only found in Norwegian. But they can be deciphered in the following way: On top of each row in the schedule some letter and numbers are found. This tells which day this route is operated. D=daily, numbers is days of the week (1=monday, etc), x means except (Dx7 means every day except sunday). Schedules on a grey background are operated only in winter(mid Aug-mid Jun), schedules on a red background are operated only during summer.

Express passenger boats ("hurtigbåt") operates like buses on water. Trips must often be pieced together by combining boat and bus service. For some connections car ferries are useful also for travelers without car, for instance the sightseeing ferry Gudvangen-Kaupanger.

By car and ferry

The easiest way to explore Sogn og Fjordane is by car, since the public transportation is not so good, and the distances are long, and some attractions is only possible to reach by car. The main south-north route is E39. Route 5 runs mainly east-west from Sogndal to Skei and all the way to the coast in Florø. Route 13 goes from Balestrand over the mountain to Førde.

The fjords are generally possible to cross only by car ferries. These ferries depart 1-2 times per hour, crossing time is typically 10-25 minutes, and need no prebooking. They have fees, often between 50-100 NOK. Car ferries are generally not a separate means of transport as most docks are often in remote places far from towns and villages.

By bicycle

Cycling is nice way to experience the rugged nature of western Norway. Unpredictable weather, many tunnels, narrow roads (without shoulder) and steep hills at mountain passes does however make bicycle travel more challenging than most other places. The bicycle tourist should read maps carefully to understand what tunnels are not recommended or in fact illegal for bicycles. New tunnels often replace an old road that remains open to bikes. Some tunnels, such as Høyanger tunnel on road 55, does not have an old road alternative and bicycles are not allowed in the tunnel. Car ferries and passenger boats are nice ways to avoid tunnels and unpleasant roads such as E16 Gudvangen-Flåm.

Details for key routes
Route Section Notes
Borlaug-Lærdal Nice ride, several long tunnels on new road, nice old road open
Lærdal-Flåm Tunnel (25 km) not for bicycles, old road through Aurland mountain pass open (very steep and narrow), nice ride Aurland-Flåm outside tunnels
Flåm-Gudvangen Not for bicycles (tunnels), sightseeing boat instead
Gudvangen-Vinje (junction with road 13) Circumvent tunnels through Stalheimskleiva.
Matre-Oppedal (ferry) Steep and long tunnels, some local roads around tunnels, fast traffic. Alternative road Matre-Stordalen-Sognefjord
Lavik (ferry)-Vadheim Nice horizontal road along the grand fjord, two long tunnels but old road available, some traffic and trucks to/from ferry.
Vadheim-FørdePartly narrow and low quality road, currently (2014) significant upgrade in process, many hills.
Lærdal-SogndalTwo long tunnels not for bicycles, look for alternative transport.
Road 55Sogndal-Lom Lovely area, no long tunnels, alternative route east shore of Luster fjord. Steep and narrow road through Sognefjell pass (1450 meters), cool on top, no trucks.
Sogndal-SkeiTwo long tunnels not for bicycles, look for alternative transport.
/ Førde-SkeiPretty area, no tunnels. Use local road on south shore of Jølster lake to avoid main road.
Skei-ByrkjeloGreat landscape, no tunnels. Use local road on south shore of Jølster lake to avoid main road. Some high speed and trucks towards Byrkjelo.
Road 60 Byrkjelo-Stryn Great landscapes, steep climb over small mountain (700 meters), narrow road, no long tunnels
Stryn-Langvatn/Grotli Great mountain pass long climb to 1000 meters, tunnels on 15 not for bicycles, use old road (number 258)


Nordfjord near Olden and Loen

The wild landscape is the main "must see" in Sogn og Fjordane. The area has many waterfalls, high peaks and breathtaking views.



Off the beaten track

Selje Abbey ruins at the Atlantic


West cape panorama at Stad penninsula

There are many oportunities for an active holiday in Sogn og Fjordane. Many scenic routes for trekking in the mountains can be found with breathtaking views from many mountaintops. Fishing in the sea or in lakes is a favourite with many tourists.


Tap water is drinkable and often of very good quality. Olden is bottled water, the source of which is the glacier Jostedalsbreen. It is sold as natural water (In Norwegian: Uten kullsyre), or as carbonated water (In Norwegian: Med Kullsyre).

Stay safe

The crime rate in Sogn og Fjordane is low. But even so, common sense applies. Visitors should stay a generous distance away from glaciers. Hiking on glaciers can only be done with a guide and proper equipment. Be careful around waterfalls. Along the very coast, Atlantic waves are treacherous. Fjords and lakes are very deep and very cold most of the year.


Glaciers are one of the most dangerous places for visitors to the Norwegian outdoor. Never underestimate the power of the glacier. Observe warning signs. Never approach the front of the glacier. A glacier is not a stable piece of ice, it is constantly moving and huge chunks regularly fall of.

Do not enter a glacier without proper equipment and a skilled local guide. Sunrays get reflected from the white snow, so it necessary to use sunscreen to protect your skin. Bring warm clothes for tours on the glacier.

Go next

Routes through Sogn og Fjordane

Bergen Voss  W  E  Valdres Oslo
Bergen Lindås  S  N  Ålesund Trondheim
Måløy  W  E  Lom Otta
Stavanger Voss  S  N  Balestrand Førde

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