Scania

Map of Scania

Scania (Swedish: Skåne) is the southernmost county, as well as a traditional province, in Sweden. It is known for its rich agricultural fields, its old history, long beaches, Danish heritage and a distinguashable accent. With 1.25 million inhabitants, it is one of the most populous and densely inhabited regions of Sweden, with a strong local identity.

Cities

Other destinations

Ales stenar

Understand

During the 10th century, Scania was conquered by Danish king Harald Bluetooth, and remained under Danish rule for the most part of the next 700 years. Harald founded Lund, where a cathedral was built during the Middle Ages, making the city Scania's political centre. The Dano-Swedish wars during the 16th and 17th centuries devastated the province. In January 1658, Swedish King Charles X Gustav made the bold decision to lead his army from Jutland on a march across the ice towards Zealand. The Danes surrendered, and in the Roskilde treaty the same year they were forced to cede Scania, and several other territories, to Sweden. King Charles XI enforced a brutal assimilation policy in Scania, which included the foundation of the university in Lund, to promote the Swedish language. Dano-Swedish hostilities continued into the early 18th century, but Scania has remained a part of Sweden since then.

Scania contains Sweden's most productive farmland, and since the completion of the Öresund Bridge in 1999, Malmö and Lund form a prosperous urban region together with Copenhagen. While most of Scania is flat, the ridges and hills in the north-east are significant. Northeastern Scania is an important geoclimatic borderland, as well as the historical borderland between the old Danish lands Scania, Halland and Blekinge and what was then Sweden. Unlike the rest of Scania which was dominated by agriculture, this part is dominated by forestry and mining. Red Spruce and Scots Pine are everywhere, and while the forests may seem "wild" they usually aren't.

Climate

Scania, being furthest south, is the warmest part of Sweden. This info is based off climate data from southwestern Scania. At the height of summer, daily high temperatures average in the low to mid 20s Celsius (low to mid 70s Fahrenheit) and daily low temperatures average in the low to mid teens Celsius (mid to high 50s Fahrenheit). At the height of winter, daily high temperatures average just a few degrees above freezing while daily low temperatures average just below freezing. In mid-spring, daily highs average in the mid teens Celsius (around 60 Fahrenheit), daily lows averaging around 5 degrees Celsius (40 degrees Fahrenheit). In mid-autumn, daily highs average in the low teens Celsius (around 50 Fahrenheit), with daily lows averaging around 5 degrees Celsius (40 degrees Fahrenheit). Keep in mind that the temperatures may deviate considerably from the average.

The weather tends to be sunniest in late spring and summer, and gloomiest through winter, to the point where the sun is rarely seen. Precipitation remains fairly constant throughout the year, usually taking the form of snow during the winter.

Talk

If you're a beginner Swedish speaker and don't speak it really well, do not by any means practice your Swedish here. The local dialect is hard to understand, at least in the countryside, often even for native Swedish speakers. This accent can be traced back to the ancient local language Scanian, which has nowadays been replaced by Standard Swedish with Scanian accent, albeit with some old Scanian words still in use. If you do try to speak Swedish and do not understand what your are being told, ask for it to be written down, as the written language is the same.

The good news is that English is spoken by nearly everyone, including most of the elderly.

Get in

Skåne landscape outside Helsingborg.
Western harbour, Malmö, with Santiago Calatrava's Turning Torso to the right.
Øresundsbron bridge connecting Denmark and Skåne.

By plane

By boat

Scania is connected to Germany, Denmark and Poland by car ferry.

By car

The Öresund Bridge charges a toll, currently 395 SEK for a standard car.

Get around

Skånetrafiken provides comprehensive rail and bus service in the region.

With a flat scenery and milder climate than the rest of Sweden, Scania is suitable for cycling.

See

Sofiero palace & gardens

Fertile and populous, Scania is more shaped by man than the rest of Sweden, full of palaces, manors and churches.

Do

Eat

See also: Nordic cuisine

As Scania is Sweden's breadbasket, as well as its gateway to central Europe and historically part of Denmark, traditional Scanian cuisine differs much from the rest of Sweden; known for being sweet, greasy, and salty. Some local delicacies are eel, goose and böckling (smoked herring), and different kinds of dairy products and meats.

Malmö offers a wide selection of haute cuisine and ethnic restaurants, and the region of Österlen has a lot to offer in the way of food.

An iconic dessert is spettekaka, a meringue-like dry egg and sugar based dessert that is a must try for anyone visiting the region.

Drink

The toponymous Skåne Akvavit is a brand of hard liquor.

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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Monday, December 28, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.