Silesian Voivodeship

Ogrodzieniec castle

Silesian Voivodeship (polish: województwo śląskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ ˈɕlɔ̃skʲɛ]) is a province in southern Poland.


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In the early Middle Ages Silesia was part of Poland since the 10th century. When in 1138 the Seniorat of Poland was formed, Silesia was one of the Polish duchies and several Silesian duchies were Seniors of Poland until the late 13th century. In the 12th and 13th centuries Silesia fall apart into several duchies of which Racibórz, Oświęcim, Siewierz and Cieszyn as well as Częstochowa are in Silesia. In the 14th century Siewierz and Oświęcim again became a part of Poland, Częstochowa was also Polish, while Cieszyn and Racibórz came under Czech rule. Bohemia was ruled at this time by the German Luxembourg, later the Polish Jagiellonians and finally by the Austrian Habsburg. In 1741 Prussia annexed most of Silesia, besides Cieszyn and Częstochowa. After the Third Partition of Poland in 1793 Częstochowa was also annexed by Prussia, but became independent as part of the Duchy of Warsaw between 1807-1815. After the Congress of Vienna, Częstochowa became part of the Kingdom of Poland, ruled by the Russian Tsar. In the 19th century coal mining developed in this region, while the Beskids in the south remained rural and unpolluted. After World War I and the Silesian Uprisings, Silesia became largely part of the Second Polish Republic but was occupied by Nazi-Germany between 1939 and 1944. After World War II it again became part of Poland. Nowadays it is situated quite in the south of the country.


Polish is spoken by all. Depending on who you believe, the dialect or language of Silesian is spoken here too. There is also a notable German minority presence in the region with some bi-lingual signage in both languages. As in a large part of western and northern Poland, place names exist in both Polish and German due to the area's history. Many young people study English and German.

Get in

Division of Silesian Voivodeship

By plane

Some major airlines, Poland's national carrier LOT Polish Airlines , and low cost airlines fly to Katowice Pyrzowice Airport (KTW). The airport is a base of Wizzair and offers wide variety of flights across Europe and Asia. Domestic:


Alternatively the airport in Wrocław (WRO) offers a number of connections to Germany and the British Islands (London, Dublin), the latter by the low-cost carrier Ryanair.


Church of John the Baptist (completed in 1836) in Racibórz



Silesian cuisine is distinctive from other parts of Poland. specific meals include:

Silesian dumplings boiling


Go next

Silesian Voivodeship borders four other Polish voivodeships:

as well as Czech Republic and Slovakia.

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Tuesday, August 12, 2014. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.