Samsun is a city in the Central Karadeniz region of Turkey.

It is the largest city on the Turkish Black Sea coast.


Samsun has a special place in the republican history of Turkey, as this is where the republic's founder, Kemal Atatürk, set foot to start the War of Independence in 1919.


 Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) 10 11 12 15 19 23 27 27 24 21 17 13
Nightly lows (°C) 3 3 4 7 12 16 18 18 16 13 9 6
Precipitation (mm) 74 66 69 58 46 38 38 33 61 81 89 86
Sunshine (hrs/day) 3 3 4 5 7 9 10 9 7 5 4 3
Sea (°C) 7 8 8 12 16 20 23 23 20 17 14 10

Get in

By air

By bus

By train

Get around

The city has a network of trams, buses, dolmuşes, and taxis.

The city travelcard is called Samkart and can be bought at the main tram stops and some shops. It can be used on buses or trams but not dolmuş.

Frequent trams run along the city parallel to the coast, between 19 Mayis University and the mainline train station, and the tramway is being extended to the industrial park. Only the main tram stations sell travelcards or tokens.

There are 4 numbered Dolmuş routes within the city and they are much more frequent than buses - you can always ask the driver details on where to get off, etc. As of Sept 2015 the adult daytime fare is 2.5TL cash (Samkart not accepted). There are also larger dolmuş with higher fares for destinations a little outside the city.

The automated bike rental stands owned by the council along the seafront are currently (2015) out of service; however there are private bike rental shops, mainly in Atakum. The central seafront is very easy and pleasant to cycle along.


Cedit Neighbourhood: escape the traffic, walk downhill and enjoy the views

This walk is short and downhill but steep in parts. There is very little traffic and the neighbourhood is friendly, but there are no cafes or tea shops(if you find one please add it) until the end. To reach the start of the walk take dolmuş route 3 (that is a green dolmuş) upwards away from the coast. Get off at the last stop, which is a dolmuş turning area. With the high school on your right walk away from the main road past the "no entry for vehicles" road sign. Pausing to enjoy the view of the city, follow 114. Sokak signed round to the left. With the fence on your left (DO NOT TAKE PHOTOS OF THE MILITARY AREA) walk to the end of 114. Sokak then down the steps of Bingöl Sokak and left into Çimenli Caddesi. Follow Çimenli Caddesi past Cedit Park, which is really just a small children's playground but has benches where you could eat your sarnies. At the mosque turn left into 121. Sokak, walk a few metres back uphill then immediately right into Hakkari Sokak. At the end of Hakkari Sokak go straight on past the bus shelter and along the path that becomes Serasker Sokak. Turn right down Bozüyük Sokak and at the end of the street onwards down the steps a little to your right. At the bottom of the steps turn left and follow Ebusuud Effendi Caddesi all the way to the end then onwards down the track with the wall on your left. On reaching a couple of houses do not follow the track sharp right away from the wall but instead go down the steps between the 2 houses. Follow these steps all the way down to the main road. This is the end of the walk. To return to the city center stay on this side of the road and take one a number 1 (red) dolmuş, which you will see on your right. Alternatively take the dolmuş in the opposite direction the short distance to Amisos Tepe or Batı Park.

If you are feeling energetic enough to do the walk in the opposite direction, that is uphill from the junction of Bafra Caddesi and Gençlik Caddesi, note that the steps you need from the main road are those off Bafra Caddesi next to the wall, the tiny steps off Gençlik Caddesi far from the wall just lead to a house.

Kürtün River Valley: countryside in the city, walk downhill and enjoy the views

Pheasant statue in Samsun Turkey
Kürtün River in Samsun Turkey

This walk is almost all downhill but there are a few steps across a narrow footbridge. There is little traffic but there are no cafes or tea shops(if you find one please add it) until the end. To reach the start of the walk at Çatalarmut take dolmuş route 3 (that is a green dolmuş) upwards away from the coast. Get off when the dolmuş turns right just before the junction of Şehit Korhan Ekiz Bulvarı and Fatin Rüştü Zorlu Caddesi, which is a roundabout with a large statue of a pheasant (ask for "sülün heykeli"). If you are coming from the coach station this is a bus or taxi ride of less than 5 minutes. From the roundabout walk uphill along Fatin Rüştü Zorlu Caddesi and immediately left into 182. Sokak. At the end of the street you will see Çatalarmut Cemetery in front of you. Turn right along Babacan Sokak past Çatalarmut primary school on your left. Enjoying the views down into the valley on your left continue past several new apartment buildings, and the water tower away above to your right. If there is no construction work walk along the road under construction on the valley side of the buildings under construction. Eventually the road diverts briefly from the valley edge, so follow the road round to the right and turn immediately left into 248. Sokak. At the end of this road you will see another cemetery in front of you. The road down hill sharp left is a cul-de-sac (çıkmaz) marked with a no-entry sign. So fork left down Adalı Halil Caddesi and follow it winding right down to the floor of the valley, above which the mewing of buzzards can sometimes be heard. Continue through a small village. Cross the bridge over the small Kürtün River and turn right along 551. Sokak. Follow this road to the end and continue along a short track and path with the river to your right. After about 200m you will see a narrow raised footbridge over the river. Cross the footbridge and walk up the small road away from the river and then left into the wide Balipaşa Sokak. If you wish you can take the first left for a short detour back down to the riverside, along and up again. Otherwise follow the road all the way down to Güzel Sanatlar tramstop. Do not cross the tramway here, or at the nearby underpass unless you are visiting the university faculty. Either return to the city center by tram or continue along the road, keeping the tramway on your left, for a few hundred meters and cross the main highway by the bridge and relax in the large Batı Park by the sea.




Atakum Beach is long, free and sandy and has nice cafes across the small road from the beach. However there is little shade and children and weak swimmers should beware of the variable depth, especially when there are waves.

Fener Beach, has a small daily charge and is suitable for small children in that the water is shallow, it has shade and showers and is sheltered from waves. It is open from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. but only in summer. Access by public transport involves crossing a busy road, so unless you are staying at the Sheraton you may prefer to take a taxi if you have small children.

Bandırma Beach is closed for renovation as of 2014.


In summer locals love to barbeque in the big parks and drink tea from samovars.





Pide is one of Samsun's delicious 'events' and has four different types available Kapalı, peynirli-yumurtalı (cheese&egg), pastırmalı-yumurtalı (spicy bacon&egg) and sucuklu-yumurtalı (Turkish wurst&egg) although there are some further varieties also possible such as spinach, kavurmalı etc.

The local people all eat pide every Sunday almost ritualistically.

These pides are totally unique to the city, so don't expect to find them anywhere else.



Go next

Routes through Samsun

Akçakoca Sinop  W  E  Ordu Trabzon
Ends at  W  E  Trabzon Poti
END  N  S  Merzifon Merges with

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