Sahara

In western Libya

The Sahara, encompassing most of northern Africa, is the largest desert in the world.

Countries and territories

North Africa

Sahel

Cities

Other destinations

Understand

At 9,400,000 sq km (3,600,000 sq mi), the vastness of the Sahara is comparable to the surface area of the United States of America or China. Its name unsurprisingly derived from the plural form of the Arabic word for "desert", sahara. Despite what you may have heard big parts of the Sahara are actually not covered in sand.

Get in

Tamanrasset, Timbuktu, and Sabha are some of the Saharan towns that have air connections with elsewhere on the planet. The western and eastern edges of the desert are relatively easier to approach over land: the highway following the Atlantic coast from Morocco through Western Sahara to Mauritania was the route of the former Paris–Dakar Rally, while the Nile provides a great and traditional way of getting to the desert on a felucca. Timbuktu is also accessible with a boat ride on the Niger River from Mopti. One of the most adventurous ways of heading into the Sahara, though, is to take the Mauritania Railway from the Atlantic port of Nouadhibou, possibly in one of the iron ore cars of the longest train of the world that run on one of the very few railway lines in the desert.

Get around

A Tuareg man, whose ancestors had roamed the Sahara for centuries

All routes cross the desert in the north–south direction, and there is no through route following the path of the sun. However, most of the existing trans-Saharan routes are very isolated, unsafe due to the armed groups operating in the area, and are subject to closures due to political instability and the tense relations between the regional governments.

Do

Festivals

The Tunisian town of Douz holds the four-day Sahara Festival towards the end of each year, celebrating the desert culture, featuring camel riding displays, poetry readings, and traditional music and dance shows.

If you opt for a more politically loaded gathering, though, you may want to check out the Sahara International Film Festival (or FiSahara), which annually takes place in Sahrawi refugee camps (inhabited by refugees escaping from the conflict between Morocco and Polisario/SADR in Western Sahara), near the Algerian border town of Tindouf during the spring.

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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Monday, February 29, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.