Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand.


Ranchi is located on the Chotanagpur plateau, at a height of 2,140 feet above sea level.The entire area is generally covered with red soil. Extensive forests around Ranchi are composed mainly of sal, gambhar, asan, kend, simul and mahua. Bears, sambar, chital, nilgai and hares are found in the forests. Summer afternoons are hot but evenings and nights are cool and enjoyable(maximum 40 degrees centigrade, min 16 degrees centigrade). It is cool/cold in winter (maximum 25 degrees centigrade and minimum 0 degrees centigrade). Annual rainfall is 1530 mm.


Languages spoken are Hindi,Bhojpuri, Bengali, Maithili, Sadri, Oraon, Mundari and some dialects. English is not a common language. Even if it is not understood at a place, people are willing to help around with interpretation.

Get in

By plane

The Ranchi Airport (Code: IXR) is located in Hinoo. It is approximately 7 km from the city centre and 1 km from the nearest Hatia railway station. The airport name is Birsa Munda Airport.

Recently Go Air) has added another daily flight between Delhi - Ranchi - Mumbai.

By rail

Ranchi is connected by rail to important places all over the country. Hatia is a station next to Ranchi and serves as terminus for many of the trains. Given below are some of the convenient trains. The first number is for the train from Ranchi and second for the train to Ranchi.

Daily trains:

Other trains:

By road

Ranchi is well connected by a network of roads with all the neighbouring cities and towns. The distance to some important locations are as follows: Bokaro 110 km, Dhanbad 170 km, Jamshedpur 140 km, Chaibasa 130 km, Hazaribagh 100 km, Gaya 220 km, Patna 340 km, Barhi (on NH 2 Grand Trunk Road) 136 km, Rourkela 250 km, Kolkata 415 km. Bus connections are available for almost all cities and towns in the area.

You can travel to Simdega, Chaibasa, Jamudag, Lohardaga and other places using Lily Travels Delux bus service from Ranchi City.

Get around

Hired cars, autorickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available for local transportation. Ranchi like a number of other cities in North India, has a concept of share auto. The share autos operate along fixed routes and take in as many passengers as physically possible. Fares vary depending upon the route. City buses also ply on designated routes for most of hours.




On Main Road



Stay safe

Do not be carried away by media coverage of stray incidents. Those desirous of travelling out of town, particularly at night, should check with local people, say the hotel management, about the law and order situation in a particular area. However, it is not advisable to venture out late in the evening/ night even in unknown localities of the city unless one is fully aware of that area.

In case of a healthcare emergency, ambulance can be sought from Orchid Medical Centre ( http://www.orchidmedcentre.com ) by calling 0651-2219501/2/3/4

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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Thursday, January 21, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.