Pecos (New Mexico)

Pecos National Historic Park

Pecos is a small town in North Central New Mexico, situated on the Pecos River in the southernmost reaches of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, east of Santa Fe.

Get in

Pecos is located just off I-25 about 20 miles east of Santa Fe. Coming from Santa Fe, exit onto NM State Road 50 (exit 299) and proceed on NM 50 for a few miles until it terminates in Pecos. Coming west, from Northeast New Mexico, exit onto NM 63 (exit 307) and head towards the village; NM 63 passes by Pecos National Historic Park before reaching the village proper. North of town, NM 63 continues along the Pecos River into the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the Pecos Wilderness.


The New Mexico Campaign

When people think of key battles in the American Civil War, they tend to think of places like Gettysburg, Vicksburg, or Antietam, far to the east. But a deciding battle early in the war was fought here, in Glorietta Pass just west of the town of Pecos. In early 1862, a Confederate force marched up the Rio Grande from Texas with the intent of seizing Union strongholds in New Mexico before marching northward to capture gold fields in Colorado, securing substantial wealth and territory for the Confederacy while cutting California off from the Union. Initially the Texans were successful, overpowering Union forces in southern New Mexico and capturing Albuquerque and Santa Fe. However, Union reinforcements from Colorado were making their way south along the Santa Fe Trail, with the two forces meeting in Glorietta Pass. A fierce battle amidst the rocks and trees of the narrow pass followed, eventually resulting in the Union forces retreating. But during the battle, a small Union force had circumvented the Confederates and destroyed the supply train at their rear. Without food or supplies and with no reinforcements on the way, the Confederates were forced to retreat back to Texas and abandon their plans for a Confederate-controlled West.




Go next

Routes through Pecos

Pueblo Las Vegas  N  S  Santa Fe Albuquerque
Española Santa Fe  N  E  Las Vegas Santa Rosa

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Wednesday, January 06, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.