Oxelösund has a fairly young history. However, it's natural harbor has been used for at least 500 years. When it became necessary to build a railroad to transport products from mining and smelting region of Bergslagen in central Sweden directly to the Baltic Sea, the choice fell on Oxelösund.
Industrial Group Traffic AB Grängesberg-Oxelösund (TGO; best known as Granges) formed in 1873 the railway company OFWJ (Oxelosund Flen-Västmanlands Railway), later TGOJ (Traffic Grängesberg-Oxelösunds railways). The company bought almost the entire Oxelosund Peninsula, which then belonged to the estates of the Stjärnholm Castle, to eventually be able to build the facilities they needed. The existing of Oxelösund was at this time entirely insignificant - it had grown up thanks to the port, railway and steelworks which was added somewhat later (1913).
At the beginning of the 1950s Oxelosund was a typical Swedish town with wooden houses and lush gardens. As one of the last communities in Sweden Oxelösund became city in 1950. The local population then totalled 5200 people. The business community was strongly influenced by the industry and the largest employer was the iron works with about 700 workers.
A milestone in the resort development became Granges Group's decision in 1955 to buy a majority share in Oxelösund Ironworks AB (SSAB Oxelösund today).
Old Oxelösund was removed to make space for the new steelworks but there are still a few houses left offering the glimpse of 1920s. A brand new center was built as well as a highway from Nykoping into the city (Highway 53), and in 1957 inaugurated the characteristic St. Botvids Church. Overall, Oxelosund today is dominated by the 50th century transformation of the port, ironworks and a homogeneous 1950s buildings.
In 1962 a coastal artillery battery was built on the Femöre peninsula to defend the important harbor.
Oxelösund's municipality, Oxelösunds kommun, has a remarkably small land area. Most of the surrounding countryside belongs to Nyköping.
The nearest airport is Nyköping Skavsta Airport about 20 km from Oxelösund. From the airport there are buses to Oxelösund. Stockholm-Arlanda Airport, Sweden's main international airport, is 150 kilometres north of Oxelosund.
Länstrafiken Sörmlandsleden operates the route Nyköping-Oxelösund. Line 715 will take you directly from Stockholm-Skavsta Airport to and from Oxelösund. It is possible to take line 515 from the airport to Nyköping bus station and change on to 715 to Oxelösund.
You can pay by a card at the driver, but they don't take cash.
There is currently no rail scheduled to Oxelösund. At larger events an special antique train is operated on the tack to Oxelösund. It is also possible to charter train through the Association of Sörmlands Veteran Railway (FSVJ - Föreningen Sörmlands Veteranjärnväg).
In the summertime it is possible to ride a passenger boat between Nyköping and Oxelösund. If you arrive with your own boat, there are two marinas in the vicinity of the central Oxelösund.
From Nyköping there are bike paths that take you through Stjärnholm to central Oxelösund and Jogersö.
- Femörefortet (a Cold War fortress), ☎ +46 155 383 50, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Daily in summer season. Weekends during spring and autumn. Groups all year round upon arangement.. A top secret Cold War coastal artillery fortress built in 1966 and active until 1998. 1 hour guided tours take you to the tunnels in the granite massive and show you the life of soldiers underground. See Cold War Europe for other destinations on the same theme.
Kayaks can be rented at Jogersö beach.
- Kajak och Fritid, Jogersövägen 15, ☎ +4670-644 97 76. Apart from renting kayaks, the company offers courses and tours. The tours are combined with Joga. It is also possible to rent camping equipment. 400 SEK/day/single kayak or 600 SEK/day/double kayak, also bookable by hour or weekend or week.
- Oxelö Market (Oxelö Marknad) - A Saturday in May. Music, historic train rides.
In Oxelösund, there are places and choices to suit all budgets and tastes. Everything from a simple cabin to a castle.
- Stjärnholm Manor (Stiftsgården Stjärnholm) (Stjärnholm between Oxelösund and Nyköping), ☎ +46-155-22 27 00, e-mail: email@example.com. Stjärnholm Mano is owned and operated by the Diocese of Strängnäs in Swedish Church and is a combined hotel and conference center.
- Hotel Ankaret, Gamla oxelösundsvägen 2, ☎ +46 (0)155-330 20, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Hotel Ankaret is right in the center and is a simple hotel in the Best Western chain. Close to the harbor, Boda Borg and Old Oxelösund.
- Motel Polishuset. Polishuset (Police building) offers simple accommodation close to the center, the sea and Boda Borg. Polishuset also has its own restaurant with elements of Indian cuisine.
Hostels, camping sites and cottages
- Hostel Poppeln, Esplanaden 17, ☎ +46 155 300 48. Hostel Poppeln near the center with single, double and family rooms. Self-catering kitchen, large day room, gymnasium, porch and patio with barbecue facilities. Close to Boda Borg and center.
- Jogersö Camping ground, ☎ +46 (0)155 304 66. Jogersö Camping ground is located on the Baltic coast and has Sörmland's largest seaside resort, jogging and triathlon course. Open all year round.
- Femore Lighthouse Cottages, ☎ +46 (0)155-383 50th, e-mail: email@example.com. At the very edge of the Femöre cliff attached to the lighthouse is this unique accommodation with the ocean as its nearest neighbor. The cottages can be booked up to three days and bookings are on Oxelösunds Tourist Office.
- Vivesta Havsbad, ☎ +46 (0)070-823 81 35. Cabin rental.
Mobile homes sites
- The fishing harbor, 12 sites, operated and managed by Femöre Marina, tel 0155-317 92nd
- Oxelösunds marina: about 200 sites, buoy, harbor depth of 1.2-2.8 m, boat refueling station, restaurant, free TuffStuff trains to the center in summer, playground, wireless internet, boules courts, Boat and motor. For Summer 2010, the marina has new marina facilities and new bridges. Tel 076-803 09 70.
- Fiskhamnens marina : 15-20 sites, buoy, harbor depth of 2.5-4.5 m, boatyards, fish restaurant Sailor, wireless internet, rack space for campers. Tel 070-213 40 66.