Oxelösund

Oxelösund is a town in Södermanland, at Sweden's coast to the Baltic Sea. It is a rather young city, with 11,000 inhabitants, built around the port and the steel mill, in the vicinity of Nyköping.

Understand

Oxelösund has a fairly young history. However, it's natural harbor has been used for at least 500 years. When it became necessary to build a railroad to transport products from mining and smelting region of Bergslagen in central Sweden directly to the Baltic Sea, the choice fell on Oxelösund.

Industrial Group Traffic AB Grängesberg-Oxelösund (TGO; best known as Granges) formed in 1873 the railway company OFWJ (Oxelosund Flen-Västmanlands Railway), later TGOJ (Traffic Grängesberg-Oxelösunds railways). The company bought almost the entire Oxelosund Peninsula, which then belonged to the estates of the Stjärnholm Castle, to eventually be able to build the facilities they needed. The existing of Oxelösund was at this time entirely insignificant - it had grown up thanks to the port, railway and steelworks which was added somewhat later (1913).

At the beginning of the 1950s Oxelosund was a typical Swedish town with wooden houses and lush gardens. As one of the last communities in Sweden Oxelösund became city in 1950. The local population then totalled 5200 people. The business community was strongly influenced by the industry and the largest employer was the iron works with about 700 workers.

A milestone in the resort development became Granges Group's decision in 1955 to buy a majority share in Oxelösund Ironworks AB (SSAB Oxelösund today).

Old Oxelösund was removed to make space for the new steelworks but there are still a few houses left offering the glimpse of 1920s. A brand new center was built as well as a highway from Nykoping into the city (Highway 53), and in 1957 inaugurated the characteristic St. Botvids Church. Overall, Oxelosund today is dominated by the 50th century transformation of the port, ironworks and a homogeneous 1950s buildings.

In 1962 a coastal artillery battery was built on the Femöre peninsula to defend the important harbor.

Oxelösund's municipality, Oxelösunds kommun, has a remarkably small land area. Most of the surrounding countryside belongs to Nyköping.

Get in

By plane

The nearest airport is Nyköping Skavsta Airport about 20 km from Oxelösund. From the airport there are buses to Oxelösund. Stockholm-Arlanda Airport, Sweden's main international airport, is 150 kilometres north of Oxelosund.

By bus

Länstrafiken Sörmlandsleden operates the route Nyköping-Oxelösund. Line 715 will take you directly from Stockholm-Skavsta Airport to and from Oxelösund. It is possible to take line 515 from the airport to Nyköping bus station and change on to 715 to Oxelösund.

You can pay by a card at the driver, but they don't take cash.

By train

There is currently no rail scheduled to Oxelösund. At larger events an special antique train is operated on the tack to Oxelösund. It is also possible to charter train through the Association of Sörmlands Veteran Railway (FSVJ - Föreningen Sörmlands Veteranjärnväg).

By car

15 km from the Nyköping on 2-lane Highway (Route 53) straight out to sea. E4 to Nyköping, Norrköping and Stockholm.

By boat

In the summertime it is possible to ride a passenger boat between Nyköping and Oxelösund. If you arrive with your own boat, there are two marinas in the vicinity of the central Oxelösund.

By bike

From Nyköping there are bike paths that take you through Stjärnholm to central Oxelösund and Jogersö.

See

Do

Water sports

Kayaks can be rented at Jogersö beach.

Events

Sleep

In Oxelösund, there are places and choices to suit all budgets and tastes. Everything from a simple cabin to a castle.

Hotels

Hostels, camping sites and cottages

Mobile homes sites


Guest harbors

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, February 13, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.