Oregon

Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It features rugged rocky coastlines, dense forests, fun cities, mountains, deep canyons, and desert in the southeastern part of the state.

Regions

Oregon's regional makeup is largely defined by its impressive natural features; most importantly its mountain ranges which not only provide convenient dividing lines, but which even create a distinct climate in each of the state's regions. Travelers who cover multiple regions during their stay will find the differences between regions stark and remarkable in that by traveling throughout the state a great variety of experiences may be gained.

Oregon is primarily in the Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8 standard time, UTC−7 daylight time). But Ontario and most of Malheur County, a large but rural county with stronger economic ties to Boise and southern Idaho than to Portland, is in the Mountain Time Zone (UTC−7 standard, UTC−6 daylight).

Map of Oregon's travel regions, its main destinations and roads
Portland Metropolitan Area
Central Oregon
With broad vistas of the Cascades to the west and the High Desert to the east, offering year-round outdoor activities.
Mt. Hood and Columbia Gorge
High waterfalls, steep precipices and high winds along the Columbia River make the Gorge a destination for sightseers and windsurfers alike.
Eastern Oregon
Sparsely populated desert plains and rugged mountain ranges offer remote solitude with some unique surprises for intrepid explorers.
Oregon Coast
The state's spectacular rugged coastline is lined with plentiful public beaches and cozy coastal towns ideal for beach-combers and curio shoppers.
Southern Oregon
Old-growth forests, world-class fishing, breath-taking waterfalls, and an emerging wine region are some of this region's diverse attractions.
Willamette Valley
Metro centers offer artistic, musical, and cultural diversions, while open farmland and numerous wineries provide ample tasting opportunities for food and drink connoisseurs.

Cities

Other destinations

Mount Hood reflected in Mirror Lake

Understand

In the mid 19th century, tens of thousands of settlers embarked on a months-long journey across plains, deserts, and mountains to reach the fertile farming land of the Willamette Valley at the end of the Oregon Trail. Traveling by foot with covered wagons, they braved heat, dusty conditions, disease, exhaustion, and starvation. As a modern-day traveler to Oregon, you will have a much easier time, taking only a few hours from most areas of the United States by plane, and in a few days at most by car. But once you set foot in Oregon, you'll start to understand what led the original explorers and settlers to endure such hardship to get there.

History

Humans have inhabited present-day Oregon since about 13,000 years ago, and by the time of European exploration in the 1500s there were many established Native American tribes. The earliest explorers came by sea to the west coast of North America in search of the Northwest Passage, and later by land, but they largely ignored many areas of present-day Oregon.

Although numerous sea expeditions explored the coast of Oregon, it wasn't until 1792 when American captain Robert Gray first entered what would become known as the Columbia River, followed soon afterward by British captain George Vancouver. By land, American explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led an expedition across the Louisiana Purchase to the mouth of the Columbia, arriving at the Pacific Coast in 1805. An expedition financed by John Jacob Astor later established a fort at what is now Astoria.

From 1818 to 1846, the Oregon Country (which also included present-day Washington state and British Columbia) was jointly occupied by the US and the United Kingdom. At that time, most settlers were involved in fur trading. A group of early American settlers eventually established a provisional government in 1843 at Champoeg. As more American settlers followed the Oregon Trail and settled in the Oregon Country, a boundary dispute with the United Kingdom was settled in the Oregon Treaty of 1846, which drew the boundary line at the 49th parallel, the present-day boundary between the United States and Canada.

The Oregon Territory was officially organized in 1848, and Oregon became a state on February 14, 1859.

In the 1880s, the transcontinental railroads greatly helped bring Oregon's wheat and lumber to markets in the east, as well as further population growth in its cities. Industrial production began in the 1930s with the construction of the Bonneville Dam in the Columbia River Gorge.

Climate

The Cascade Range forms a dividing line between two climate zones in Oregon. Moisture from the Pacific Ocean meets a barrier at the Cascade Range, resulting in abundant rainfall in western Oregon during the fall, winter, and spring, and milder temperatures overall. East of the Cascades, however, the climate is semi-arid and much drier, with a wider range of temperatures during the year. Snow falls abundantly in the Cascade mountains during the winter.

Culture

Today, Oregon is a study in contrast and diversity. Oregon was one of the first states to give citizens the power to pass legislation via initiative and referendum. Ballot measures in the state run the gamut from very conservative to very liberal, displaying a wide variety of opinions. The Cascade mountain range forms both a geographical and cultural dividing line between west and east. West of the Cascades in the Willamette Valley, progressive opinions such as environmentalism prevail, while in eastern Oregon political thought tends to be rather conservative.

Oregon, however, has a reputation for innovation. Besides being the first state to allow initiative and referendum, it was the first state to establish a beverage container deposit law (also known as a bottle bill), the first to legalize physician-assisted suicide, one of the first to legalize medical marijuana (recreational use of it will soon be legal as well), and the first state to conduct all elections entirely by mail.

The name of the state is invariably pronounced "OR-uh-gun" by its residents. If you pronounce it "or-ee-GONE," most residents will reflexively correct you, as they are unable to abide this particular faux pas. Also, the Willamette River, the main river in Western Oregon that runs north from Eugene through Salem to Portland, is pronounced "wil-LAM-it" (damn it!), with the accent on the second syllable.

Get in

The Hawthorne Bridge in Portland

By air

The vast majority of air travel into Oregon is done through Portland International Airport (IATA: PDX), located on the north side of the city along the Columbia River. The airport has won several awards for traveler satisfaction and offers relatively quick ingress and egress due to its moderate size and lack of hub services. Quick access to ground transportation of all types is readily available. National services are provided by all major United States airlines, with direct flights available from most western airports. International service is limited with direct flights available from Vancouver, Amsterdam, and Tokyo plus seasonal flights from some resort cities in Mexico.

Flights into Oregon's other commercial airports is available from several neighboring states, but can be costly in comparison to flights into Portland. While several links are direct, many itineraries will involve a connection through Portland. Mahlon Sweet Field (IATA: EUG) is the second largest commercial airport in the state and serves the Eugene–Springfield area. Rogue Valley International–Medford Airport (IATA: MFR) in Medford is the primary access point for Southern Oregon, while Roberts Field (IATA: RDM) in the BendRedmond area serves the same role for Central and much of Eastern Oregon. For destinations in the far eastern portion of the state, it's usually better to fly to Boise Airport (IATA: BOI) in Idaho. Several other Oregon cities have airports capable of handling commercial traffic, including Coos Bay, Klamath Falls, Newport, Pendleton, and Salem. Service is sometimes provided by regional airlines to these destinations, but frequencies and availability are changed frequently due to the low traffic demand for these services.

Nearly all significant cities throughout the state contain a municipal airfield for general aviation, or are within a short distance of such a field. In addition several small fields exist at premier destinations such as Sunriver, allowing general aviation pilots the ability to directly fly into their chosen location. The climate of the Oregon Coast and Willamette Valley regions can lead to rapidly changeable visibility and weather, while winter weather in mountainous areas and throughout Eastern Oregon can be severe, so while there ample times suitable for VFR flight, lack of IFR capabilities may lead to scheduling problems due to unpredictable weather patterns. Several air taxi and aviation rental services are available for those without their own aircraft who wish to fly into these smaller airports.

By train

See also: Rail travel in the United States

Amtrak offers several ways to enter and travel throughout Oregon by train:

For more information, see Amtrak's website, Wikivoyage's article "Rail travel in the United States," or the Wikipedia pages on each of these train services.

By car

Oregon has numerous roads into the state from its neighbors:

By bus

See also: Intercity bus travel in the United States

Greyhound runs several buses into Oregon:

BoltBus connects Seattle and Bellingham, Washington, and Vancouver, British Columbia with Portland, Albany, and Eugene. BoltBus is usually cheaper to ride than Greyhound or Amtrak.

Get around

Crater Lake in winter

The Oregon Department of Transportation's TripCheck website provides up-to-date info on available transportation services in Oregon, whether it's intercity buses, trains, or local public transit. Use this handy resource to find your way around the state car-free.

Amtrak provides Thruway service to almost any destination in Oregon that is served by an intercity bus. Many trips involving a bus can be booked with Amtrak, even if your itinerary does not include a train ride. Similarly, you can book most bus trips through Greyhound, even if Greyhound doesn't operate any of the buses you ride.

By train

Three Amtrak routes are available for traveling around Oregon, all of which meet at Portland Union Station. The Coast Starlight stops in Portland, Salem, Albany, Eugene, Chemult, and Klamath Falls. The Cascades runs buses as well as trains through the Portland–Eugene corridor with additional stops in Oregon City (by train) and Woodburn (by bus). The Empire Builder follows the Columbia River on the Washington side and stops in Bingen (across the river from Hood River) and Wishram (a few miles upstream from The Dalles).

By car

Road travel within Oregon is facilitated by a network of highways criss-crossing the state. Oregon does not have many freeways, with only Interstates 5 and 84 covering any significant distances beyond urban areas. With I-5 to the west and I-84 hugging the northern edge of the state, the majority of the rest of the state is connected by a mix of U.S. and Oregon Routes. While the network of these routes offer direct connections between most locations in the state, the state's geography does create some choke-points in mountainous areas, and inclement weather can delay or prevent travel through the many mountain passes. Almost without exception, both U.S. and Oregon routes in rural areas are two-lane highways with occasional passing lanes added to relieve buildups over long stretches. A few popular egress routes from the larger cities have been developed into divided highways for short distances, but this is far from the norm. Rural highways, particularly outside of the Willamette Valley, are typically not lit and have fewer reflectors and other driver's aids than most other states equip their roads with. More commonly traveled routes are being improved over time, and Oregon utilizes Safety Corridors over certain sections of its highways to promote safer driving and reduce accidents.

During winter months, Oregon's mountain highways can become snow-bound. Chains or other traction devices are required through many mountain passes during the winter, and certain passes are closed altogether. The Oregon Department of Transportation maintains various ways to update travelers on weather and construction conditions throughout the state, one of which is their TripCheck website. It is highly advisable that when traveling through rural Oregon to maintain an emergency kit including cold weather survival gear as several highways include long stretches between services and can be sparsely traveled at times.

Driving in Oregon offers numerous opportunities for sightseeing and a large number of highways are naturally scenic routes to travel. A wide variety of different landscapes can be found throughout the state, and roadside pullouts are provided along most for scenic viewpoints and interpretive kiosks. Full service rest areas are only found along the Interstates, but a few limited service rest areas are available on U.S. Routes.

Be advised that Oregon is one of two states (New Jersey being the other) in which self-service gas stations are illegal. (The exceptions are on Native American reservations such as the Umatilla Indian Reservation near Pendleton). Accordingly, your vehicle will be refueled by an attendant. Tipping the attendant is appreciated, but optional. Gas stations are located in most towns, but many stations, especially in smaller towns, will close down during the night rather than staff the station 24/7 with attendants. However, even with no self-serve, gas prices in Oregon are comparable to neighboring Washington, and about 15% less expensive than California.

Charging stations for electric vehicles are located in several places in the Portland and Eugene areas and along the I-5 corridor, with further expansion of this network underway. It is technically possible to drive your electric vehicle from Portland all the way up to Government Camp on Mt. Hood. In and around the Portland area, many public facilities, such as Libraries have EV charging stations available for use. Retail shopping centers are also starting to sport chargers as well.

Speed limits on freeways are typically 65 miles per hour outside of urban areas, while other highways are limited to 55 miles per hour. Oregon has a reputation for strict speed limit enforcement, especially in comparison to some other western states. Fines begin at $110 (2014) for exceeding the speed limit by 1 to 10 MPH and increase very sharply from there. Fines are doubled in school zones, designated safety corridors and construction zones. This is simply not a good jurisdiction in which to be a leadfoot.

DUI checkpoints have been held contrary to the state constitution and thus they are not performed in Oregon. Of course, this absolutely should not be considered an endorsement to drive intoxicated. All persons found driving over the legal limit of consumption will be arrested and charged with a crime. As in all of the United States, the legal blood alcohol content limit is 0.08% (0.02% for those under 21 years of age). If one is not legally intoxicated, one can still be cited under Oregon laws regarding driving while impaired. While Oregon is a state in good spirits with its spirits, please do not drive while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs, prescription or otherwise.

By bus

Greyhound directly serves communities along Interstate 5 (Corvallis, Eugene, Grants Pass, Medford, Portland, Roseburg, Salem, and Woodburn) and Interstate 84 (Baker City, Hood River, La Grande, Ontario, Pendleton, Stanfield, and The Dalles).

BoltBus travels along I-5 stopping only in Portland, Albany, and Eugene. Riding BoltBus to these destinations is almost always cheaper than both Greyhound and Amtrak. In fact, if you're traveling beyond Portland or Eugene, you can often save money by traveling as far as you can with BoltBus and then transferring to the bus or train that will take you the rest of the way, or vice versa. The transfers are very easy in all three cities but are not coordinated or guaranteed, so try it out only if you feel clever and you're comfortable with making your own transfers or enjoy long layovers.

The Oregon Department of Transportation partners with other carriers to run Oregon POINT (or "Public Oregon Intercity Transit") bus routes throughout the state. They operate the following routes:

CoBreeze,  +1 541 389-7469. Portland to Bend via Gresham, Sandy, Welches, Government Camp, Madras, Prineville P&R and Redmond Airport. Buses may not make all the above stops regularly but on request in advance of travel. Check with them.

Porter Stage Lines' serves Eugene and the coastal towns of Florence, Reedsport, and Coos Bay.

NWOregon.org compiles a list, schedules and other information regarding public buses operating in the northwestern Oregon coastal communities by Benton County Rural Transportation District, Columbia County Rider, Lincoln County Transit, Sunset Empire Transportation District, Tillamook County Transportation District and their connections to the above.

By bicycle

The Oregon Department of Transportation produces maps and guides for biking the Willamette Valley, the Columbia Gorge, and the Oregon Coast. These maps, as well as a statewide map, are found at this page. Many Oregon State Parks have separate "Hiker-Biker" campsites available for tour bikers hauling their own gear at $5 a night, especially - but by no means exclusively - on the coast; see the Oregon State Parks website for more details.

Oregon is the only state in the United States to have designated Scenic Bikeways, all of which are spectacular. The length and ease of these routes range from a short 24-mile hop on the Metolius River to a 178-mile loop tour of Eastern Oregon. These routes are generally routed along low-traffic roads (and separated paths whenever possible) and take into consideration food and lodging opportunities.

The Oregon Coast is a premier destination for cycling, although traffic, stretches with narrow shoulders, heavy winds and rains, and windy roads make it somewhat dangerous. These factors plus stark and frequent elevation changes make a border-to-border trek a ride for experienced cyclists. Nevertheless, many people cycle the entire Oregon Coast each year, largely with no more problems than a set of sore thighs. In the summer months take Highway 101 north to south starting in Astoria through Lincoln City and onto Brookings to get breathtaking views of the Pacific Ocean. The prevailing winds will be at your back all summer long. For the seasoned cyclist, head north in winter months as the winds are out of the SW at that time of year.

By foot

The Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail (which runs from Canada to Mexico) passes through Oregon along the Cascade Mountains. With almost no civilization along its route and very few highway crossings (four in the northern 150 miles of the trail), it is exceptional for experiencing nature while avoiding civilization.

The Oregon Coast Trail crosses the entire state from Washington to California, a distance of about 400 miles.

The Oregon Desert Trail winds 800 miles through Eastern Oregon's remote high desert from Bend to the Idaho border. (Status unclear)

See

The Oregon Coastline

Do

Buy

Unlike most US states, Oregon has no sales tax. There is no tax included in posted prices and no tax is added at the till. This is worth bearing in mind if you're planning on making any large purchases during an interstate trip. Many large chain stores are located in Portland along the Columbia River. These stores attract shoppers from neighboring Washington, which has some of the nation's higher sales taxes.

Portland has several neighborhoods with unique shops, as well as a Saturday Market for local arts and crafts as well as food and music. Powell's Books is the largest new and used bookstore in the state, but there are many smaller book sellers throughout Oregon. For souvenirs, the Made In Oregon chain of shops carries a variety of products from around Oregon in locations in several shopping centers as well as the Portland International Airport. The Oregon Coast is sprinkled with antique shops and purveyors of beach finds. In April, a gigantic garage sale is held in Lincoln City with over a hundred sellers participating.

Eat

Drink

From the coastal hamlets to the valley cities to the remote towns of the high desert, Oregonians drink, and proudly. Because of the growing wine and microbrewery industries in the state which produce drink of world-class quality, having a tipple and touring beverage facilities is a popular pastime for Oregon residents and tourists alike. It is occasionally joked that one cannot throw a cat in the city of Portland without hitting a bar (though one shouldn't: the PETA people there can be touchy and rather humorless, especially regarding the hurling of cute little kitties), while most other towns of any appreciable size have at least two places in which one can imbibe. Yes, the drinking culture here is strong, and if you like to pickle your giblets then you'll be in heaven.

Oregon is an "Alcoholic Beverage Control State" and as such requires all distilled spirits to be sold by state-approved outlets. Because the liquor stores purchase their wares from the state at an inflated and heavily-taxed cost, liquor by the bottle or by the shot can run your booze bill up pretty quickly. Fortunately, Oregon has no shot size regulation (such as, say, Utah has) and many bars - especially in the Portland area - pour their drinks quite liberally; in fact, a literal three fingers of whiskey is not uncommon if you know the barkeep. Bottoms-up, but don't bottom out!

There are no "blue laws" concerning time of alcohol sales other than a daily 2:30-7:00AM restriction, so if you like "kegs and eggs" for your Sunday breakfast, Oregon's your kind of place. Also, Oregon's alcohol laws are unitary within the state and are wholly overseen by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC), so there's no need to worry about dry towns or dry counties.

Finally, bartenders in Oregon seem to be a bit more strict about checking ID than those in many other states. This likely due to the aforementioned OLCC, which is known to be nothing short of draconian when it comes to the enforcement of laws regarding the furnishing of alcohol to minors by service workers and punishment under the same. If you look under 30 (or even 40!), just hand them your ID card / passport before you order because they will ask for it. There is also a total indoor smoking ban in all places but cigar and hookah bars.

Beer

Oregon has a large number of regionally- and nationally-known craft microbreweries, many of which distribute outside the state. Most are happy to host guests for tastings, and many are accompanied by restaurants and gift shops.

Wine

In recent years, Oregon has become renowned as an outstanding wine producing region in its own right, with a range of temperate climates that allow the production of vintages significantly different from vineyards and wineries in neighboring California. The Willamette Valley, just south of Portland, is particularly well known for its distinguished Pinot Noirs, and is well-suited to grow other Burgundian and Alsacian varietals: Gamay Noir, Pinot Meunier, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Riesling and Gewürztraminer among others. A diverse arrangement of climates, though, fosters a range of other grapes throughout the state.

Oregon boasts more than 400 wineries in the state. Some of the larger, more well-known wineries and vineyards are:

Due to strict policing for DUI's and meandering country roads, it is strongly suggested to hire a tour guide when visiting local wineries and participating in wine tasting.

Liquor

Liquor in Oregon is sold in specifically-licensed stores (though supermarkets may still sell wine and beer).

There are several well-known distilleries:

Stay safe

Crime

Oregonians are known for being exceptionally kind and welcoming people; accordingly, violent crime in Oregon is quite low and visitors are not likely to have any harm come to them during their stay. Be aware, however, that violence has been on the rise in the Portland and Salem areas due to increasing gang activity – troubles which have likely been exacerbated by the state's 8.1% unemployment rate (August, 2013). Property crime is always a problem. The most dangerous neighborhood in the entire state is probably the King neighborhood in Northeast Portland (and even this area is not too risky if traveling in a group at night). The Rockwood district in suburban Gresham is also known for disturbingly high levels of violent and property crime. A casual visitor, however, will not likely have any reason to go to either of these places – in fact, most residents don't either. For hazards specific to these cities, please see their respective guides.

If you are in need of emergency assistance, dial 911 on your phone.

Drugs

On November 4, 2014, Oregon voters passed Measure 91, which legalizes recreational use of marijuana. Beginning July 1, 2015, adults 21 years and older can legally carry one ounce of marijuana on their person.

Even before the vote, marijuana had been decriminalized in Oregon. Until legalization went into full effect, possession of a user-quantity (1 oz. or less) was a civil violation and was punished by a fine of $500-$1,000. The level of enforcement would vary greatly depending on where you are: in Portland (Potland?) the police would dump it on the ground and tell you to get lost; in Eugene they might have smoked it with you; and in Burns you would likely face down a judge who isn't too keen on letting some "Godless stoner" off with anything less than the maximum fine. Dealing is, as one might expect, not tolerated as well and offenders can expect unpleasant ramifications in the form of a felony conviction; this is especially true within 1,000 feet of a school.

As for "hard drugs", you're better off avoiding them. Due to the state's awful methamphetamine wave of the 1980s - 2000s, there is very little tolerance in this area and a number of tough laws passed in response to the epidemic will all but ensure that you will be involved with the legal system for a long time to come and at great expense. One such law in effect in Oregon goes beyond federal law, requiring a prescription for any medication containing pseudoephedrine (e.g. Sudafed). This also means that one must prove that they have a prescription to be in possession of such medications, so if one is coming from out-of-state, it is a good idea to leave it at home.

Psychoactive mushrooms grow naturally here and abundantly, but, of course, possession is illegal.

Natural hazards

Natural hazards are also few, but include mountaineering fatalities (Mt. Hood in particular). Tsunamis on the coast are very rare, but have occurred; make note of the "Evacuation Route" signs. For information on the state's hazard assessment, visit the NOAA Center for Tsunami Research site. Sudden snowstorms in the Cascade Mountains from October to May occur and could lead to increased avalanche danger. The usual perils of desert travel in the Southeastern part of the state could be eminent if you are unprepared, so always follow desert survival guidelines ; and rattlesnakes, bears and other wildlife (particularly east of the Cascade range).

Travel hazards

If you venture out of the Willamette Valley during your stay, be sure that your automobile is well fueled and in suitable condition: while Portland is modern and well-populated, Eastern Oregon includes some of the most sparsely populated areas in the United States. Harney County in the Southeast region of the state, for example, is slightly smaller than Massachusetts but is the home to only about 7,000 people. Breaking down out there will, in best case scenarios, make for a very long and annoying day; at worst, the consequences can be tragic. In rural areas, be aware that many seemingly passable roads are truly impassable for large portions of fall, winter and spring. Apparent routes or shortcuts across mountainous areas and deserts should be validated with locals before attempting - deep snow has captured the vehicle of many a tourist or day tripper who ventured into unknown territory and pushed when they should have exercised better judgment. Another issue that you may or may not encounter is road names in the Portland suburb of Hillsboro. Road names in this city have an annoying habit of spontaneously changing names, sometimes in the middle of an otherwise straight road. Keep this in mind as it even confuses locals who have lived here their whole lives! Also about roads around the Portand area, many mountain roads that appear to be paved, actually turn into gravel slightly further up. No one has any idea why, but keep this in mind if you will be traveling in rural areas around Portland.

This also applies to routes between the Oregon coast (US Hwy 101) and the I-5 freeway. Always plan in advance, with one alternative in case of closure. In no case should this be left to chance or your GPS. There are many potentially dangerous roads through the Coastal Mountain Ranges, especially in severe weather and for those traveling with a RV or trailer.

Finally, as the subject of the vast emptiness of Oregon has been broached, remember to always have an adequate map (Benchmark Maps makes an exceptionally good one), especially if traveling into the wilderness on foot: each year many hikers go missing and, sadly, some never return. Know where you are going, and make sure someone else does too.

Respect

Oregonians are fanatically proud of the natural beauty of their state; littering or otherwise causing harm to the scenic beauty - including wildlife - found here is bound to draw attention to you that you probably do not want, up to and including that special type which only an officer of the law can give.

That being said, keep in mind that while Portland and the rest of the Willamette Valley is very cosmopolitan and culturally similar to San Francisco and Seattle, Eastern Oregon and Southern Oregon are more akin to Idaho and Nevada; that is to say, quite conservative. Contrary to popular belief, not all Oregonians are liberal, a fact which will become abundantly clear to you on a trip to a place such as Burns, La Grande, or Prineville.

State issues in general tend to be divided along Willamette / non-Willamette lines (that is, large cities within the valley such as Eugene and Portland / smaller cities along the coast, around the mountains, and in the high desert), and some resentment between these groups may be uncovered. The State of Jefferson, a region of southern Oregon and northern California marked by a period of attempted secession during the first half of the 20th century, retains a very independent mindset: Jefferson Public Radio and the State of Jefferson Chamber of Commerce are two indicators of a retained degree of autonomy from this period.

Connect

Oregon has four telephone area codes. The northwestern corner of the state, including Portland and Salem, uses 503 and the overlay 971. The rest of the state, from the Corvallis/Albany area south and from the Cascades east, uses 541 and the overlay 458. Ten-digit dialing is mandatory statewide—all calls, even local calls dialed on landline phones, must be dialed using the area code (503-xxx-xxxx).

Although it's rare now, especially so in the Portland/Salem area, you might see an old sign with a seven-digit phone number, without the area code. You still must dial the area code if you want to call that number. You can very safely assume the area code is 503 if you see it in northwestern Oregon, or 541 if you're elsewhere.

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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Friday, March 25, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.