Ohio prehistoric sites

Human Face Effigy - Woodland Period - Ross County
Shrum Mound
Newark OH
Marietta Eath Works


Evidence of man in Ohio goes back as far as 13,000 BC, with the first inhabitants after the last ice age most likely being Paleo-Indians who seemed to have disappeared after the Younger Days impact event . Later they were replaced by Archaic people who are referred to as Native Americans. The Archaic period has been seen as divided into Early, Middle and Late Archaic periods, it is thought of as the second (possibly) period of human occupation that took place 8,000 BC to 1,000 BC.. The Woodlands Period went from about 1,000 BC to 700 AD and included the Adena and Hopewell peoples who are sometimes referred to as the Mound Builders. Other cultures extended the Mound Builders period to about 1300 AD.



The list below is far from a complete list of prehistoric sites in Ohio. Finding a clovis point in a farm field from a Paleo-Indian roaming your land 11,000-15,000 may be more memorable than visiting any of the historical sites. Ohio is literally, littered with artifacts from early man. There are many private and public displays throughout the State of “field finds”, which are far from uncommon, yet today.

These sacred sites have endured much over time and have diminished more since the white settlers showed up in The Ohio Valley, than any other time in history. One of the biggest enemies of these sites has been the invention of the cast-steel plow. Property owners have ignored the importance of the remnants of early man and have plowed over burial sites, mounds and artifacts without concern. The most common way of discovering artifacts today, is during the plowing of fields (field finds). This lack of care or respect for these monuments reflects badly on current inhabitants. One needs to reflect on today’s burial practices and how their remains may be treated in the future


There are fantastic exhibits throughout the State. This is a short list.

Associations and societies

There are also numerous local chapters of both of the organizations listed above.


Ohio Historical Center
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