Novosibirsk city view

Novosibirsk (Russian: Новосиби́рск nuh-vuh-see-BEERSK) is a city in Novosibirsk Oblast, Siberia, Russia.


Novosibirsk was founded in 1893 at the future site of the Trans-Siberian Railway bridge crossing the great Siberian river Ob, in place of Krivoshchekovskaya village, which was founded in 1696. At first the town received the name Novonikolayevsk (Новониколаевск), in honor both of Saint Nicholas and of the reigning Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. At the time of the bridge's opening in 1897, Novonikolayevsk hosted a population of 7,800 people. In 1907, Novonikolayevsk, now with a population exceeding 47,000, was granted town status with full rights for self-government.

In the 1950s, the Soviet Government directed that a center for scientific research be built in Novosibirsk, and in 1957, the multi-facility scientific research complex of Akademgorodok was constructed about 30 km south of the city center.

On September 2, 1962, the population of Novosibirsk reached one million. At that time, it was the youngest city in the world with over a million people, having taken fewer than seventy years to achieve this milestone.

 Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) -12.1 -9.7 -1.9 8.1 18.8 23.4 25.4 22.8 16.0 7.6 -3.5 -9.9
Nightly lows (°C) -20.9 -19.5 -12.8 -2.4 5.6 11.2 13.8 11.2 5.6 -0.4 -10.3 -18.3
Precipitation (mm) 26 15 17 28 34 50 72 49 42 46 38 31


Most foreigners find Novosibirsk to be gray and boring. Despite its size, there is no tourist infrastructure in Novosibirsk and you will not find tour buses or many tour guides in the city. With the exception of a limited number of young people, most of the population of Novosibirsk does not speak English well and it is recommended to learn some Russian before you travel or travel with someone who can speak Russian.


Summers in Novosibirsk are typically warm, but sometimes cold and rainy. Winters can be really cold with temperatures as low as -40° Celsius.

Get in

By plane

Tolmachevo Airport, (IATA: OVB), +7 383 216-98-41, also known as Novosibirsk International Airport, is 16km from the city centre. The airport serves over 4 million passengers per year. There are regular to flights to many major Russian cities including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Krasnodar, Omsk, Ulan-Ude, Samara, Ufa, and Yekaterinburg as well as international flights to Dushanbe, Istanbul, Baku, Prague, Yerevan, Beijing, Almaty, Osh, Bishkek, and Dubai.

To travel between the airport and the city:

By train

The main train station
See also: Trans-Siberian Railway

Vokzal-Glavny station is very close to the Garina Mikhailovskogo (Гарина Михайловского) metro station.

All Trans-Siberian trains stop at Novosibirsk Vokzal-Glavny Station. You can take this train as far as Moscow, Beijing, Ulaan Baator, or Vladivostok.

There are also regional trains to most nearby cities.

Timetables and fares can be searched for on the RZD website.

Get around

By foot

The city center is fairly compact and a walk from the railway station to Lenin's square takes around 20 minutes.

By public transport

The Novosibirsk metro system

Public transport includes a Metro system in the city centre as well as buses, trams, marshrutkas, and trolleybuses. A ride on intra-city public transport costs RUB35 or less.


Novosibirsk's Nikolai Chapel




A visit to Akademgorodok, built in the 1950s as a mecca for academics but suffering from neglect in the post-Soviet years, is still pleasant as a day trip. This formerly elite institution is located about 30 KM south of the city and features several museums and nice, tree-lined streets.

While you're in the area, you might also visit one of several nice beaches on the Ob Sea, the large body of water created by a dam on the Ob River.

Also south of the city, about 2 km north of Akademgorodok, is the open-air West Siberian Rail Museum. There are about 90 historical trains and rail cars there.


Tanning at the beach in spring
Novosibirsk theater


There are a lot of malls, shops, boutiques and stores in Novosibirsk. They offer a lot of goods from all round the world and you can have a great time while shopping. However, be careful when buying anything there - always check what you buy, before you pay. Sometimes the goods you buy may be produced not by a brand company but by a company in an Asian country that has a license for producing products under this brand name. Sometimes the quality of these goods doesn't correspond to the quality of the original brand. This may be especially applied to the European brands. For example, the same scents may have a different aroma in Novosibirsk and somewhere in Europe. It doesn't mean that the goods have bad quality and you shouldn't shop. But be careful if you want to purchase anything. You could have a lot of fun if you go to markets like Central Market ("Центральный рынок") or "Baraholka". There you'll see people from around the world selling stuff that is not brand but it may have a good quality. Be careful there as well, as you may run into pocket pickers. You may even find some local food there and try some specials. There are a lot of different markets in the city but the most famous are Central Market and Baroholka. You may buy nothing there but what you see, you'll see nowhere in the world. It literally looks like an Asian market with only difference it's in the Russian way.

Shopping Malls


There are many good dining options and many local chain restaurants. Lenin Square is a popular place to eat. Italian food, sushi, and Russian food are all very popular. Many cafes offer lunch specials on weekdays.




The Russian café chain Coffee House (Кофе Хауз) has several locations in Novosibirsk, but the food is considered to be subpar and overpriced.


With the exception of some high-end hotels, all hotels and hostels offer free WiFi and many have computer terminals. Almost all accept credit cards. Hotels and hostels will usually provide a visa invitation and registration for an additional fee.






Many cafes and restaurants offer either free or paid WiFi. There is also WiFi available in the main train station, public libraries, shopping malls, cinemas, universities and other establishments.

Internet cafes and computer clubs are also commonly found.


Visa Centers

Stay Safe

While it's better to stay away from some run-down areas the overall situation is not bad. Pervomayskiy rayon and far-off neighborhoods of Leninskiy and Kirovskiy rayons should be avoided at any time.

The safest place is the center (nearby Lenin Square), stay there and you will be all right.

Go next

Routes through Novosibirsk

Yekaterinburg Omsk  W  E  Krasnoyarsk Irkutsk

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, February 06, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.