Castle with "Heimlicher Wächtergang", Sinwell Tower and Walpurgis Chapel
old town, view from west

Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in Franconia; it is Franconia's largest city, which makes it the economic, social and cultural center of Franconia. It is situated on the Pegnitz river and the Main-Danube Canal. It is located about 170 kilometers north of Munich with a population of around 510,000 it is the second-biggest city in the Bundesland Bavaria and the biggest city in the region of Franconia. The town is also the center of the Metropolitan Region Nuremberg.


When people think of Nuremberg, they usually think of gingerbread, toys, Christmas, the Reich Party Rally Grounds or the Nuremberg Trials (see World War II in Europe and Holocaust remembrance). But the old town of Nuremberg in the shadow of the towering imperial castle is more than that. Gothic churches, splendid patricians' houses and romantic corners and spots. An atmosphere of lively co-existence between medieval and modern, between the past and the present, prevails in Nuremberg. In medieval and early modern times, Nuremberg was a rich center for trade and early industry and the first railway in what is now Germany was not built to link Nuremberg and Fürth by mere chance. Despite World War II destroying much of it, the former wealth is still visible. And with its position on the crossroads of two major Autobahn and railway routes, the old saying "Nürnberger Tand geht in alle Land" (stuff from Nuremberg goes everywhere) still rings true.

Get in

By plane

Nuremberg Airport (IATA: NUE) Nürnberg Flughafen, +49 911-93700, . Air Berlin operates a lot of their flights from Nuremberg. Getting from the airport to the city is no problem. The U2 subway line directly connects Nuremberg Airport with the central train station thus providing access to Nuremberg's city center in about 12 minutes only. The International Airport has been awarded the renowned Business Traveller Award for being the ‘Best German Airport’ in 2009. However its selection of international destinations is fairly limited and if you are arriving from further away you will most likely have to connect through at least one other airport, making a flight to a more major airport (see below) and a train ride from there often the better option.

If you are arriving from further away, the German hubs of Frankfurt (IATA: FRA) or to a lesser degree Munich (IATA: MUC) might offer more direct and /or cheaper connections. Both airports are well connected to the railway system, with Frankfurt even having its own ICE stop. For information on combined offers for rail tickets and flights see here

By train

As Nuremberg is a regional transportation hub, excellent connections are offered to almost everywhere with ICE service to Munich (roughly one hour), Leipzig (the track is being upgraded and faster connections will be available by 2015/17), Würzburg, Frankfurt and all major towns along those routes. Sadly, the connection to Prague is in a very bad state, so the bus connection offered by Deutsche Bahn is actually faster than the train. If you are travelling to Munich on a budget, note that while ICE service is a bit faster, it is also significantly more expensive, and regional trains on this route, which can be accessed with discount regional tickets like the Bayern ticket, are the fastest in the country at about 200 km/h.

The main train station itself is located right next to the old city, which is a stroll away (if you want to avoid the confusing traffic-situation, go through the tunnel of the U-Bahn station). Since 2010 your DB or VGN ticket allows you to use over 650 bus and rail services, the underground (U-Bahn), the suburban and regional railway (S-Bahn and R-Bahn), trams, buses and DB trains. The area covers about 14.000 square kilometers from Bayreuth and Bamberg to Solnhofen in the Altmühltal and to Ebern in the Haßberge district.

By car

Nuremberg is connected to the major German "Autobahn" network (A3, A6, A73, A9). The traffic in the area, town and parking areas is controlled by the biggest dynamic traffic guidance system (Dynamisches Verkehrsleitsystem) in Europe.

By ship

The Port of Nuremberg is located about 6 km southwest of the old town and Main Railway Station. During the year, over 500 cruise ships stop in Nuremberg.

By bus

The main bus station is located near the main train station. Starting in 2012 the German domestic bus market was liberalized with new connections opening almost daily. While not as fast or comfortable as trains services are usually cheaper (although with a new service and an unconsolidated market, expect prices to rise in the near future) and some extras such as free Wi-Fi (not always working, not necessarily very fast and sometimes unavailable without prior notice) are included. A service to consider for its speed compared to trains is the bus to Prague operated by Deutsche Bahn without any intermediate stops. For other services look for Meinfernbus, Berlinlinienbus (mostly to/from Berlin, operated by Deutsche Bahn), Flixbus, Postbus and several minor companies that have been in the business since before 2012 mostly providing services to and from eastern European destinations and places in the Balkans. (Eurolines, Deutsche Touring and others)

Get around

The old town is best explored on foot. To get from one part of the old town to another by car or public transport, you will often have to leave the old town and reenter it at a different gate.

By public transport

Nuremberg has various subway lines (U1, U11, U2, U21). The U3, first automated metro line with mixed trains in the world (driver-less and driver) has been released for regular passenger operation starting June 15, 2008. Six tramway (Line 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9) and numerous bus lines. Most subway and tram lines stop at the main station (Hauptbahnhof). Subway line 1 connects Nuremberg with its neighbor city Fürth, line 2 goes to the airport and the Harbour. From 1 to 4AM you can use the "NightLiner" Bus-Network. As of January 1, 2013, a day ticket costs 5.10 €. If you buy the day ticket on Saturday, it is valid on Sunday as well.

To travel to nearby cities you can use the S-Bahn and R-Bahn Network.

S-Bahn Lines, 229 km, 75 stations

R-Bahn Lines

Parties of up to six persons can benefit from the "TagesTicket Plus" scheme. All-day or weekend travel for up to 2 adults and 4 children (up to 17 years of age). Instead of 2 persons you can take 2 bicycles, 1 dog accompanies you for free. On longer journeys "TagesTicket Plus" will pay off even if you are travelling on your own. The "TagesTicket Plus" for 8.50 € for example is valid in Nürnberg-Fürth-Stein. If you want to cover the entire travel link area from Bamberg, Bayreuth to Treuchtlingen and from Amberg to Rothenburg, you can get the ticket for 16.80 €.

You can buy monthly pass to travel for 74,50 €. It is valid to travel in U-Bahn, S-Bahn, Tram within the city limit. Perfect for short-term stay.

By car

In short: don't!. Traffic in Nuremberg is notoriously complex and congested and the good public transport makes it unnecessary to drive in almost all cases. The old town is particularly bad for cars, as it was obviously not designed for automotive travel. The city has decided for a "loop solution" (Schleifenlösung in German) which means that if you want to get from one point of the old town to another, you will most likely have to exit and reenter on a different "loop". That being said, Nuremberg does boast one of the most extensive and modern traffic and parking directing systems that can guide the mass of cars through the congestion and to a free parking space even during especially well patronized events.


On the website “Mobile in Nuremberg” you will find information about the accessibility of various facilities in Nuremberg. The website is also very helpful for finding wheelchair accessible places in Nuremberg (and Germany in general). A list of wheelchair accessible public toilets is provided here.

The public transport network in Nuremberg is mostly accessible for people with disabilities. All subway stations are equipped with elevators. Here you can find a list of elevators currently out of service. There is a small height difference of 8 to 13 cm between the subway trains and the platforms. On the lines U2 und U3, every train is equipped with an automatic ramp on every door, so boarding is easy for wheelchair users. On the line U1 there are mostly older vehicles in service, which do not offer ramps. Therefore wheelchair users should enter at the door next to the driver’s cabin, so that the driver is able to help if assistance is needed. All tramway and bus lines are serviced exclusively by wheelchair accessible vehicles. Further information about the accessibility of the public transport network is provided here.


For €21 visitors spending at least one night in Nuremberg, Fürth, Erlangen or Schwabach is able to purchase the "Nürnberg Card." It includes free admission to 49 museums and attractions and free travel on all public transport services in Nuremberg and Fürth. You also get 10 to 15 percent discounts on purchases in many shops. Seven theaters, ranging from children's theater to cabaret to travesty revues, offer attractive 10 to 20 percent discounts. Europe's largest IMAX cinema in the CineCittà Nuremberg offers the most current films - and lowers the entrance price.

Map of Nuremberg's Old Town (Altstadt), click to enlarge.
Heilig Geist Spital

Old Town

Nuremberg's old town is divided by the river Pegnitz. The northern half is called Sebalder Alstadt, the southern Lorenzer Altstadt.


Kongresshalle Nuremberg at the Reichsparteitagsgelände

You can get direct bus from here to Doku-Zentrum to see Party Rally Grounds, easy credit station (World cup 2006 Statium). Adult €13.50, child € 6.5, adult with Bahnpass € 11.50, child with Bahnpass € 4.8 Family with one adult €18, Family with 2 adults €31.50.


Transportation Museum

Museums on the municipal ticket - The following museums participate together in a single ticket program; a ticket from any one of these museums (€5 or €2.50 for students) is valid for entry at all other museums on the same day. The website for the museum cooperative provides further information.






Nuremberg's main shopping district ist the Lorenzer Altstadt, the part of the old town south of river Pegnitz. There are three shopping streets running from the white tower (Weißer Turm) to the vicinity of St Lawrence church (Lorenzkirche): The cheapest stores can be found in Breite Gasse, in Karolinenstrasse you find mid-priced stores and Kaisserstraße, next to the river, offers luxury goods. At their eastern end the three streets are connected by the street Königsstraße, which runs from the main station via St Lawrence church to the main market place. The biggest department stores, Karstadt, Galeria Kaufhof and Breuninger, are located here. On Trödelmarkt you find some small shops. At Sebalder Altstadt you find antiques, curiosities and designer shops.


Outlets: Puma Sport, Klingenhofstr. 70, 90411 Nürnberg (North-West)

Gothic, Dark Wave, Fetisch:

The shopping streets and smaller centres outside the old town have less to offer. Only visit them if you are looking for a specific shop.


Ginger bread (Lebkuchen): Several large manufacturers and a number of small bakeries produce these. The best quality is called Elisenlebkuchen. The large manufactures sell packages labeled Bruch (broken), but they usually don't contain broken gingerbread: it is just a trick. You get them cheaper, but you can hardly use a package labeled broken as a gift.

Sausages (Nürnberger Bratwürste) are available in tin cans.


Bratwurst (roasted sausage): Within the city you get Nürnberger Bratwürste, in the surrounding area Fränkische Bratwürste. Nürnberger are only about half the size, but contain more spices than Fränkische. Consequently one typically eats three Fränkische or six Nürnberger. In restaurants Bratwürste are served with Sauerkraut or potato salad. In some better restaurants you can order also "Saure Zipfel", cooked Bratwürste in vinegar-onion sauce with fresh horseradish and bread. On the street you can also buy two or three sausages in a roll ('Drei im Weggla'). But be careful to get "real" Nürnberger and not "foreign" Thüringer Bratwürste. Nürnberger Bratwürste / Nürnberger Rostbratwürste is also protected under EU law with Protected designation of origin status.


Many food stalls and fast food restaurants can be found along Königstraße leading from the main station into the old town.

One stand is in the middle of the street perpendicular to the front of the Lorenzkirche.






Many great beers are made in Franconia (Upper Franconia has the largest concentration of breweries world wide) and even in the Nuremberg itself.


The Franconian wine is said to be a "man's wine". Analogous to "man's chocolate" this points to a rather dry taste. Furthermore the rather harsh climate and the soil structure definitely contribute to this fact. An extravagance of the Franconian wines is their bottle. In Germany the Bocksbeutel bottle shape is generally reserved for higher-quality wines from Franconia.


For a fast room reservation service in the Nuremberg-Fuerth-Erlangen-Schwabach area, please go to the on-line room reservation request of the Nuremberg Convention and Tourist Office.


In the Old City

Near Plärrer

Just outside the southwest corner of the old city are several mid-range hotels within walking distance of many sights in the old city, and about a 20-minute walk from the Hauptbahnhof.

Next to the Main Train Station

North of the Old City

South of the Old City

Stay safe

According to the state police, it has the lowest crime rate of the cities with more than 400,000 inhabitants.

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Monday, March 28, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.