Moscow Oblast

Moscow Oblast is the region surrounding the city of Moscow in the heart of Central Russia. For this proximity to the capital of Russia Moscow Oblast is often called Podmoskovie (Russian: Подмосковье, Pohd-mohs-KOH-vie).

The region borders Kaluga Oblast to the southwest, Smolensk Oblast to the west,Tver Oblast to the north, Yaroslavl Oblast to the northeast, Vladimir Oblast to the east, Ryazan Oblast to the southeast, and Tula Oblast to the south.

Podmoskovie is easily accessible from Moscow and while staying in the metropolis you may always dedicate a day or two to explore the neighbouring region's attractions. Moscow Oblast can be worth a longer visit as well, offering a variety of historical cities, natural sights, and leisure opportunities.

Regions

Cities

Other destinations

Understand

Moscow Oblast is the economic and political heart of Russia and is by far its most populous oblastexcluding the city of Moscow itself, the region has approximately seven million residents. Destinations in the region are easily accessible by day trips from Moscow and have an extraordinary amount of sightseeing for the interested traveller.

On 1 July 2012, a significant chunk of the Moscow region, including the towns of Troitsk and Moskovsky, Kievskyi settlement and stretching out all the way to Kaluga region was re-designated as part of Moscow itself. While this has not affected the character of the territory immediately, they will inevitably be integrated more and more into the city, thus making this area a unique tourist destination to see still (almost) rural places right before they urbanize.

Moscow Oblast is in the UTC+3 time zone.

Talk

Within Moscow Oblast, more English and other European languages are spoken than in most of Russia, but travelers should still consider familiarizing themselves with some key Russian phrases.

Moscow Oblast lacks any signs using the Roman (as opposed to Cyrillic) alphabet, except the signs on some major highways. Even there, expect to find differing titles of the same place. For instance, while driving you can see signs dispalying "Moscow", "Moskow" and "Moskva" within a short distance.

Get in

In most cases travelling to the Moscow Oblast is done via the transport hub of the city of Moscow.

By plane

The airports of Moscow with international flights are located either inside Moscow Oblast or in the outer parts of Moscow proper and have direct bus or commuter train (elektrichka) connections with the cities of Podmoskovie, as following:

If you want to get to any other part of Podmoskovie from the airports - hire a taxi or proceed through Moscow.

By train

There are three kinds of local commuter trains operating from Moscow to Moscow Oblast and neighbouring regions:

Both express and sputnik trains are further divided by brands. The major brands are following:

Multiple types of expresses may be confusing, especially as brand, serving particular destination, may change with time. While not typical, train, using specific brand coloring, may serve destination of other brand, or - for older types - even run as a simple elektrichka. You may need to check particular type of train using timetables or asking locals in such situations.

When you're trying to buy a ticket, both from ticket office and from vending machine, you usually should know exactly, which kind of express you're boarding, especially with Lastochkas. Ask for help or opt for ticket office when unsure. Pricing and discounts are different for different types of expresses.

Although your destination will be within Moscow Oblast, if the express is bound outside Moscow Oblast, you will need to provide your passport to buy a ticket (this rule is enforced in Russia everywhere). Tickets for expresses bound outside Moscow Oblast are also unavailable from vending machines for local trains (which do not require your passport).

Long-distance trains in most cases have no stops in Podmoskovie. The only large stop for long-distance trains in the region is Ozherelye for south-bound trains from Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. Volokolamsk and Mozhaisk may have 1 or 2 trains in each direction daily.

By bus

Primary bus operator for Podmoskovje is Mostransauto. There are some routes, serviced by commercial operators and Mosgortrans (Moscow-city public transport operator), almost all of those connect Moscow with its suburbs (see complete official route list of all operators). Mostransauto however covers the region with extensive network of bus routes (and couple of tram and trolleybus systems), that would satisfy needs of almost all travellers.

Get around

In general, the most efficient means of public transport in the region is the network of suburban electric rail, called elektrichki (электрички, eh-lehk-TREECH-kee), which radiates outwards from the capital. Elektrichki depart from the main Moscow rail stations. Detailed and up-to-date suburban train timetables (including frequent changes) are available online in Russian. For point-to-point travel between cities and towns besides Moscow, buses and minibuses (marshrutki) are usually the best public transport option. Extensive information on routes and timetables of buses and minibuses, as well as routes of trams and trolleybuses in the Moscow region (in Russian), however it does not cover commercial operators, which can be a good alternative in many directions.

Go next

Moscow Oblast is the biggest central hub for Russia in its entirety; you can get to anywhere in Russia from here. Some nearby popular destinations include the cities of the Golden Ring, Saint Petersburg, and Novgorod.

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Monday, January 04, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.