Medieval and Renaissance Italy

See also: European history

Italy was not unified as a nation-state until the 19th century. From the fall of the Roman Empire, the nation was mostly been divided between city-states and regional kingdoms. Still, from the 14th to 16th centuries, Italy experienced a Golden Age, known as the Renaissance, with wondrous feats of art and science, as well as intrigue and conflict.


In the Middle Ages, Europe was dominated by feudal monarchies. Italy was an exception, as city-states held power. Many of them had a prosperous merchant class.

Italy hardly had any national spirit. The city-states were usually rivals, though the Holy Roman Empire, as well as the Catholic Church, were unifying forces.


The Duomo of Florence at night

Northeast Italy

Northwest Italy

Central Italy

Michelangelo's Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica

Southern Italy


See also

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