Manchu phrasebook

Manchu (ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᡤᡳᠰᡠᠨ) is the indigenous language of Manchuria. Until 1911, it was the official language of China under the Manchu-ruled Qing Dynasty (ᡩᠠᡳᠴᡳᠩ ᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨ). However, the language rapidly declined after the 1911 Xinhai Revolution, in which the dynasty was overthrown. The language was in decline even during the Qing era, as many Han Chinese migrated to Manchuria. This process was accelerated by persecution against Manchus by Chinese Revolutionaries, persecution by the Japanese during the Manchukuo Era, and by the Cultural Revolution.

Consequently, even though there are about 10 million Manchus today, only about a million can speak the language and only about 70, mostly elderly in isolated villages, can speak it natively. Manchus live mainly in the Chinese provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning, and parts of Inner Mongolia. The Xibe language spoken in Qapqal Xibe Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang is descended from Manchu and is therefore mutually intelligible. Virtually every Manchu speaker is also able to speak Mandarin, so learning Manchu is generally not necessary to communicate, though as with almost any language, attempts by outsiders to speak it is always appreciated.


Pronunciation guide

Vowels

ᠠ᠊(Initial) ᠊ᠠ᠊(Medial) ᠊ᠠ ᠊ᠠ(Final) a=a
ᡝ᠊ ᠊ᡝ᠊ ᠊ᡝ ᠊‍ᠡ᠋ e=e
ᡳ᠊ ᠊ᡳ᠊ ᠊ᡳ ᠊ᡳ ᠊ᡳ ᠊ᡳ ᠊ᡳ᠋ ᠊ᡳ᠌ i=i
ᡠ᠊ ᠊ᡠ᠊ ᠊ᡠ u=u
ᡡ᠊ ᠊ᡡ᠊ ᠊ᡡ v or ū=uu
ᠣ᠊ ᠊ᠣ᠊ ᠊ᠣ ᠊ᠣ᠋ o=o
ᡳᠣᡳ᠊ ᠊ᡳᠣᡳ᠊ ᠊ᡳᠣᡳ ioi, pronounced as French u or German ü

Consonants

ᠪ᠊ ᠊ᠪ᠊ ᠊ᠪ b=b
ᡩ᠊ ᠊ᡩ᠊ d=d
ᠴ᠊ ᠊ᠴ᠊ ‍᠊ᠴ c=ch
ᡶ᠊ ᡶ᠋‍᠊ ᠊ᡶ᠊ ᠊ᡶ᠋‍᠊ ‍᠊ᡶ f=f
ᡤ᠊ ᡬ᠊ ᠊ᡤ᠊ ᠊ᡬ᠊ ᠊ᡤ ‍᠊ᡬ g=g, sometimes pronounced as Arabic ق or Hebrew ק
ᡥ᠊ ᡭ᠊ ᠊ᡥ᠊ ᠊ᡭ᠊ ‍᠊ᡥ ‍᠊ᡭ h=h
ᠵ᠊ ᠊ᠵ᠊ ‍᠊ᠵ j=j
ᡴ᠊ ᠺ᠊ ᠊ᡴ᠊ ᠊ᡴ᠋᠊ ᠊ᠺ᠊ ‍᠊ᡴ k=k
ᠯ᠊ ᠊ᠯ᠊ ‍᠊ᠯ l=l
ᠮ᠊ ᠊ᠮ᠊ ‍᠊ᠮ m=m
ᠨ᠊ ᠊ᠨ᠋᠊ ᠊ᠨ᠊ ‍᠊ᠨ n=n
ᠩ᠊ ᠊ᠩ᠊ ‍᠊ᠩ ng=ng
ᡦ᠊ ᠊ᡦ᠊ ‍᠊ᡦ p=p
ᡵ᠊ ᠊ᡵ᠊ ‍᠊ᡵ r=r
ᠰ᠊ ᠊ᠰ᠊ ‍᠊ᠰ s=s
ᡧ᠊ ᠊ᡧ᠊ ‍᠊ᡧ x or š=sh
ᡨ᠋᠊ ᠊ᡨ᠋᠊ ᠊ᡨ᠌᠊ ‍᠊ᡨ᠋ t=t
ᠸ᠊ ᠊ᠸ᠊ ‍᠊ᠸ w=w
ᠶ᠊ ᠊ᠶ᠊ ‍᠊ᠶ y=y

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs


OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 
Hello. 
(ᡥᠣᠵᠣ ᠨᠠ) : . (hojo na)
Hello. ᠰᠠᠢᠨ ᠨᠣ . (sain no)
How are you? 
ᠰᠢ ᠰᠠᠶᠥᠨ ? (si sayvn?)
Fine, thank you. 
ᠰᠠᠢᠨ᠈ ᠪᠠᠨᠢᡥᠠ . (sain, baniha)
What is your name? 
? ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
ᠮᠢᠨᠢ ᡤᠡᠪᡠ ᠣᠴᠢ ______ . (mini gebu oci _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
. ( )
Please. 
. ( )
Thank you. 
ᠪᠠᠨᠢᡥᠠ . (baniha)
You're welcome. 
ᡠᠮᠡ ᠮᠠᠨᡤᡤᠠᡧᠠᠷᠠ . (ume manggaxara)
Yes. 
ᠢᠨᡠ . (inu)
No. 
ᠸᠠᠬᠠ . (waka)
Excuse me. (getting attention) 
. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon) 
ᡧᠢᠨᡩᠡ ᡫᠣᠨᠵᠢᠬᠢ . (xinde fonjiki )
I'm sorry. 
ᠸᠠᠬᠠ ᠪᠠᡥᠠ . (waka baha)
Goodbye 
ᠰᠢᠷᠠᠮᠡ ᠠᠴᠠᠬᠢ . (sirame acaki)
Goodbye (informal) 
. ( )
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
ᠰᠢ ᠣᠴᠢ ᠢᠨᡤᡤᠢᠷᠢ ᡤᠢᠰᡠᠷᠡᠮᠪᠢᠣ᠉ (si oci inggiri gisurembio?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
? ( ?)
Help! 
! ( !)
Look out! 
! ( !)
Good morning. 
. ( )
Good evening. 
. ( )
Good night. 
. ( )
Good night (to sleep) 
. ( )
I don't understand. 
. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
ᠠᠪᠠᡩᠡ ᠪᠢ ᠡᡩᡠᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠨᠠᠷᠠ ? (abade bi edun karanara?)

Problems

Leave me alone. 
. ( .)
Don't touch me! 
! ( !)
I'll call the police. 
. ( .)
Police! 
! ( !)
Stop! Thief! 
! ! ( ! !)
I need your help. 
. ( .)
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
. ( .)
I lost my bag. 
. ( .)
I lost my wallet. 
. ( .)
I'm sick. 
. ( .)
I've been injured. 
. ( .)
I need a doctor. 
. ( .)
Can I use your phone? 
? ( ?)

Numbers

1 
ᠡᠮᡠ (emu)
2 
ᠵᡠᠸᠡ (juwe)
3 
ᠢᠯᠠᠨ (ilan)
4 
ᡩᡠᠢᠨ (duin)
5 
ᠰᡠᠨᠵᠠ (sunja)
6 
ᠨᠢᠨᡤᡤᡠᠨ (ninggun)
7 
ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠨ (nadan)
8 
ᠵᠠᠬᠥᠨ (jakvn)
9 
ᡠᠶᡠᠨ (uyun)
10 
ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ (juwan)
11 
( )
12 
( )
13 
( )
14 
( )
15 
( )
16 
( )
17 
( )
18 
( )
19 
( )
20 
( )
21 
( )
22 
( )
23 
( )
30 
( )
40 
( )
50 
( )
60 
( )
70 
( )
80 
( )
90 
( )
100 
ᠲᠠᠨᡤᡤᡡ (tanggv)
200 
( )
300 
( )
1,000 
( )
2,000 
( )
1,000,000 
( )
1,000,000,000 
( )
1,000,000,000,000 
( )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
( )
half 
( )
less 
( )
more 
( )

Time

now 
( )
later 
( )
before 
( )
morning 
( )
afternoon 
( )
evening 
( )
night 
( )

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
( )
two o'clock AM 
( )
noon 
( )
one o'clock PM 
( )
two o'clock PM 
( )
midnight 
( )

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
( )
_____ hour(s) 
( )
_____ day(s) 
( )
_____ week(s) 
( )
_____ month(s) 
( )
_____ year(s) 
( )

Days

today 
ᠡᠨᠡᠨᡤᡤᠢ (enenggi)
yesterday 
ᠰᠢᠬᠰᠡ (sikse)
tomorrow 
ᠴᠢᠮᠠᠷᠢ (cimari)
this week 
( )
last week 
( )
next week 
( )
Sunday 
( )
Monday 
( )
Tuesday 
( )
Wednesday 
( )
Thursday 
( )
Friday 
( )
Saturday 
( )

Months


January 
( )
February 
( )
March 
( )
April 
( )
May 
( )
June 
( )
July 
( )
August 
( )
September 
( )
October 
( )
November 
( )
December 
( )

Colors

black 
ᠰᠠᡥᠠᠯᠢᠶᠠᠨ (sahaliyan)
white 
ᡧᠠᠨᡤᡤᠢᠶᠠᠨ (xanggiyan)
gray 
ᠰᠡᠯᠡᠨᡤᡤᠡ (selengge)
red 
ᡫᡠᠯᡤᠢᠶᠠᠨ (fulgiyan)
blue 
ᠯᠠᠮᡠᠨ (lamun)
yellow 
ᠰᠣᡥᠣᠨ (sohon)
green 
ᠨᠢᠣᠸᠠᠨᡤᡤᠢᠶᠠᠨ (niowanggiyan)
orange 
( )
purple 
ᡧᡠᡧᡠ (xuxu)
brown 
( )

Transportation

Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
( )

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
( )
...the train station? 
( )
...the bus station? 
( )
...the airport? 
( )
...downtown? 
( )
...the youth hostel? 
( )
...the _____ hotel? 
( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
( )
...hotels? 
( )
...restaurants? 
( )
...bars? 
( )
...sites to see? 
( )
Can you show me on the map? 
( )
street 
( )
Turn left. 
( )
Turn right. 
( )
left 
( )
right 
( )
straight ahead 
( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
( )
before the _____ 
( )
Watch for the _____. 
( )
intersection 
( )
north 
( )
south 
( )
east 
( )
west 
( )
uphill 
( )
downhill 
( )

Taxi

Taxi! 
( )
Take me to _____, please. 
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
( )
Take me there, please. 
( )

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
( )
Does the room come with... 
( )
...bedsheets? 
( )
...a bathroom? 
( )
...a telephone? 
( )
...a TV? 
( )
May I see the room first? 
( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
( )
...cleaner? 
( )
...cheaper? 
( )
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
( )
Do you have a safe? 
( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
( )
Please clean my room. 
( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
( )
I want to check out. 
( )

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
( )
Where can I get money changed? 
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard) 
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
( )
lunch 
( )
tea (meal) 
( )
supper 
( )
I want _____. 
( )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
( )
beef 
( )
fish 
( )
ham 
( )
sausage 
( )
cheese 
( )
eggs 
( )
salad 
( )
(fresh) vegetables 
( )
(fresh) fruit 
( )
bread 
( )
toast 
( )
noodles 
( )
rice 
( )
beans 
( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
( )
coffee 
( )
tea (drink) 
( )
juice 
( )
(bubbly) water 
( )
(still) water 
( )
beer 
( )
red/white wine 
( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
( )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
( )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda) 
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
( )
cheap 
( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
( )
...toothpaste. 
( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
( )
...shampoo. 
( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen) 
( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
( )
...an umbrella. 
( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
( )
...a pen. 
( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign) 
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
( )
diesel 
( )

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
( )
Where are you taking me? 
( )
Am I under arrest? 
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
( )


This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, March 05, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.