Madhya Pradesh

Map of Madhya Pradesh, Republic of India

Madhya Pradesh (commonly abbreviated as MP) is a state in the plains of India. The name "Madhya Pradesh" means "central region", and derives from its geographical position. It is one of the few states of India that is completely surrounded by other states, having neither a border with another country nor a coastline. To its north is Uttar Pradesh. To its west lie Rajasthan and Gujarat, to its south is Maharashtra and to its east is Chhattisgarh, a state that used to be a part of MP till 2000.

MP has been rather neglected as a travel destination, but in reality, it has a rich feast for those who seek prehistoric paintings, historic forts, religious erotica, or tribal culture. On the flip side, the tourist infrastructure is not very well-developed.



Here are nine of the most notable cities.

Other destinations


Madhya Pradesh is the central part of India. It was divided in two parts in 2000: One remained Madhya Pradesh and the other became Chhattisgarh. The undivided Madhya Pradesh was formed on 1 November 1965. The capital of MP is Bhopal. It has five major cities — Indore, Bhopal the capital, Gwalior, Jabalpur and Ujjain — and is divided into many divisions, fifty districts and two hundred blocks. Madhya Pradesh is the richest state in India. Before Madhya Pradesh was divided, the population was 60,385,118 (India census 2001). The geographical area is 4,434,459 km.

In ancient times Vairisimha II was the king and the capital was Ujjain. When King Bhoj became king the he moved the capital to Dhar. During the independence war, Fort Dhar played an important part in the fight for freedom and produced many freedom fighters. Many tribes played an important role like the Bhils, Rajpurohit, and Rajput. The authority of the state was in opposition to the British, who took revenge on the local people. They dragged civilians from their houses and fields, killed them and looted their properties. Women were raped. The Dhar District was the main target of the British during the freedom fight.

Madhya Pradesh has many large tribes and castes, and the caste system is deeply rooted in the state. Probably the best-known local clan are the Rajputs, the traditional landlords in the area.

Madhya Pradesh, also called Green Malaw, is the breadbasket of India. Eighty percent of the population depends on agriculture. Wheat, corn, peas, grain, cotton and soybeans are the most important crops. Many dense forests are important resources of timber, providing bamboo, teak and sal. The state is also full of natural resources, including coal, iron and diamonds. The state is also well-known for its handicrafts.


Hindi is the main language used. English knowledge can sometimes be found inside the cities. Do not expect any one to speak English outside the main cities.



As elsewhere in Central India, you can have the delicacies of regional cuisines from all over India in Madhya Pradesh. Besides, local Central Indian cuisine (Malwi food) is breathtakingly delicious: local Poha, and Daal Baflae of certain places such as Ujjain Indore and Ratlam are very delicious.

The street food of Indore is renowned, with shops that have been active for generations. Bhopal is known for meat and fish dishes, such as rogan josh, korma, keema, biryani, pilaf, and kebabs. There is street named "Chatori Gali" in old Bhopal where one can find traditional Muslim non-veg fare like Paya Soup, Bun Kabab, Nalli-Nihari to name a few local specialities.Dal bafla is a common meal in the region, consisting of a steamed and grilled wheat cake dunked in rich ghee which is eaten with daal and ladoos. The culinary specialty of the Malwa region of central Madhya Pradesh is poha (flattened rice); usually eaten at breakfast with jalebi.

Indore too is famous for Butta Kees and even Sabudana Khichdi available 24*7..

Ratlam is famous place for Namkeen Sev.....


Drink the best available products.

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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Thursday, January 21, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.