The chief island of the Philippines, from the cobblestone streets of the colonial town of Vigan; to the bustling metropolis of Manila where the seat of the government is located as well as the national capital; to the rice terraces and pine forests of the Cordillera Region; and to the sandy and secluded beaches of Palawan, this is the island of Luzon.


The island of Luzon is divided into 8 regions. The island of Palawan, which is not shown in the map, is located in the MIMAROPA Region.

Regions of Luzon
Bicol (Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Masbate, Sorsogon)
Ideal region for adventurers – filled with volcanoes, beaches, caverns, coves, lakes and other natural wonders. Home to the exquisite Mayon Volcano, which is popular for its near-prefect cone shape.
Cagayan Valley (Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Viscaya, Quirino)
Vast valleys, lush jungles, mist-filled mountains, pristine waterfalls and stunning cave systems.
Calabarzon (Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal)
Due to its proximity to Manila, this region is a favorite destination for weekend getaways. Its diverse topography and colorful culture is what attracts tourists to this region.
Central Luzon (Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales)
The central plains of the country. The thriving regional city of Angeles is where the origins of the "Sisig" are found and it is also where the former home of the largest American military facility outside continental America. Historic Bulacan, on the other hand, is the seat of the first (but short-lived) Philippine government.
Cordillera Administrative Region (Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province)
The cool highlands of the country, famous for its majestic rice terraces, pine forests and rich culture. Aside from tourist attractions, what attracts the people to come here is its cool weather, so hop on if you feel global warming has attacked in the busy streets of the Philippines.
Ilocos Region (Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan)
Jam-packed with distinct cultures, tasty cuisine, and a wide range of natural attractions. This is where the well preserved European colonial town of Vigan is situated, a town where you can learn its history in its presence.
Mimaropa (Marinduque, Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Palawan, Romblon)
Its national parks, world heritage sites, palm-fringed beaches, azure waters, thriving marine life, caves and warm people will make your trip special to this less densely populated region
Metro Manila (Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Manila, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, Pateros, Quezon City, San Juan, Taguig, Valenzuela)
The National Capital Region or NCR, this is where the national capital of the Philippines; Manila is situated, center of financial and commercial districts and as well as where the seat of the government is situated. It is one of the world's largest cities in terms of GDP.


Other destinations

The historic town of Vigan

Get in

Luzon is served by 4 international airports; 1 is the country's main premier gateway, other 1 is for low-cost airlines and the remaining 2 are minor international airports.

Ninoy Aquino International Airport

Ninoy Aquino International Airport(IATA: MNL) is the Philippine's premier gateway to the country, it is the busiest airport in the country and is the 44th most busiest in the world. It is often rated as one of the worst airports because of the crowds during the rush hour as well as its over capacity. Philippine Airlines; the country's flag carrier, Cebu Pacific; the country's low-cost airline, Asiana Airlines,from Korea,Emirates, KLM, Delta, Cathay Pacific, Singapore Airlines and QANTAS are just some of the major carriers that operate in this airport. There are actually three terminals in Manila that are separate from one another. Terminal one is the international terminal. That is where you will fly into and out of unless you are using Philippines Airlines. Terminal two is reserved for the Philippines Airlines, the largest Filipino air carrier. Terminal three is where you will find the smaller domestic air carriers such as Cebu Pacific or Zest.These typically provide inexpensive flights between islands, although Cebu Pacific also flies to some international locations.

Get around

It is quite a hassle getting around but if you know your way, it is not really a big problem. Taxis are rampant in major cities such as Manila and Davao. In most cities and provinces, the public jeepney is a way of going around the main roads and routes while tricycles are better for specific destinations in minor roads. There is a fixed rate in jeepneys. However, this changes daily, so ask around to know the new fare. In Metro Manila, there are the LRT-1, MRT-2 and MRT-3 train lines that you can travel with around. To get to places such as Baguio, Calamba , Bicol, Laoag and a whole lot of other places on Luzon by land, you can take a bus. There are numerous bus companies that depart from different parts of Manila.

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Sunday, February 28, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.