For other places with the same name, see Lakeland (disambiguation).

Lakeland is the largest city in Polk County, Florida.


Pfeiffer Chapel — a prominent structure designed by renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright on the grounds of Florida Southern College.


Lakeland was first settled in the 1870s and began to develop as the rail lines reached the area in 1884. It was incorporated 1 January 1885. The town was founded by Abraham Munn (a resident of Louisville, Kentucky), who purchased 80 acres (320,000 m2) of land in what is now downtown Lakeland in 1882 and platted the land for the town in 1884. Among the names considered (and rejected) for the town by its residents were Munnville, Red Bug and Rome City.

In April 1898, the Spanish-American War began and started a crucial point in Lakeland's development. While the war ended quickly and had little impact on most of the nation, the Florida peninsula was used as a launch point for the war and the then small town of Lakeland would house over 9,000 troops.

The Florida boom resulted in the construction of many significant structures in Lakeland, a number of which are today listed on the National Register of Historic Places. This list includes the Terrace Hotel, New Florida Hotel (Regency Tower, currently Lake Mirror Tower), Polk Theatre, Promenade of Lake Mirror, Polk Museum of Art (not a product of the 20's boom), Park Trammell Building (formerly the Lakeland Public Library and today the Lakeland Chamber of Commerce), and others. The city also has several historic districts with many large buildings built during the 1920s and 1940s. The Cleveland Indians held spring training there from 1923 to 1927 at Henley Field Ball Park. Parks were developed surrounding Lake Mirror including Barnett Children's Park, Hollis Gardens, and the newest, Allen Kryger Park.

The "boom" period went "bust" quickly, and years passed before the city recovered. Part of the re-emergence was due to the arrival of the Detroit Tigers in 1934 for spring training. (The team continues to train at Lakeland's Joker Marchant Stadium and owns the city's Florida State League team, the Lakeland Flying Tigers.) The development of the Lakeland Municipal Airport as a major facility in central Florida transportation was another factor. The 1930s also featured the arrival of renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright. In 1938 he came to Lakeland at the request of Florida Southern College President Ludd Spivey to design a "great education temple in Florida." For 20 years Wright worked on his "true American campus" creation. In his original master plan he called for 18 buildings (and several other structures), nine of which were completed and nine left on the drawing board. All of the buildings were built out of what Wright called his "textile block system," the first use of such a system in Florida. He called his project "A Child of the Sun," so named from the architect’s own description of being "out of the ground, into the light, a child of the sun." It is the largest one-site collection of Frank Lloyd Wright buildings in the world, and in many ways helped to form a pattern for many colleges in Florida and other areas of the country in the future years.


Lakeland—like all of Central Florida—has a humid, subtropical climate. Summers are generally hot and humid, with highs above 90°F from May-September although, oddly enough, the temperature seldom surpasses about 96°F (which results in a month like July, where the average high is 95°F and the all-time record for the month is just 5° higher at 100°F). Early morning lows are usually in the mid-70s °F (around 23°C) but the humidity is usually around 90-100% at sunrise, so mornings can be steamy. Beginning in early or mid-June, the rainy season lasts until mid to late September, during which time thunderstorms (sometimes severe) are a regular afternoon event. June, July, & August average over 7 in (178 mm) of rain per month, with September falling to a respectable 6.33 in (161 mm) of rain. Winters are mild with average highs in the 70s °F (around 22-25°C) and lows in the 50s °F (around 11-15°C). Highs may occasionally surpass 80°F (27°C), while lows in the 40s (5-10°C) aren't uncommon. Winter weather is punctuated by occasional cold fronts, which can knock highs into the 60s °F (16-20°C) or even 50s °F (11-15°C) and night-time lows into the 40s °F (5-10°C) and 30s °F (0-4°C). Lows below freezing (32°F, 0°C) occur, on average, just 2 times a year (very rarely below 28°F/-2°C). Spring and fall are transitional seasons between summer/winter temperatures. February-May are the driest months of the year, averaging 2-3 in (50-80 mm) of rain, but in drier years these months may see less than 0.5 in (13 mm) of rain.

Lakeland can be impacted by tropical storms and hurricanes during Hurricane Season (1 Jun-30 Nov). Tropical storms in Central Florida can bring heavy rains (several inches in a 24 hour or less time span) and potentially a squall line. As with any storm, there is danger involved with minor flooding, lightning, tornadoes, and trees falling down, but for most people tropical storms are just a nuisance for a day or two. The effects of hurricanes varies with each storm, depending on location, size, strength, and other factors. Hurricanes Dennis & Ivan, which passed well off the west coast, brought squall lines in outer bands that swept over the region, bringing strong winds (50-80 mph or 80-130 km/h) and isolated tornadoes. In 2004, Hurricanes Charley (Category 2), Frances (actually a strong Tropical Storm when it reached Lakeland), and Jeanne (Category 1) all passed through Polk County, within 25 mi of Lakeland, bringing moderate destruction. However, these were the first hurricanes since Hurricane Donna in 1960 to pass through Polk County, so fortunately they are not a common occurrence.

Get in

By car

Lakeland lies along Interstate 4, the main East-West highway across Central Florida.

By plane

Lakeland and northwestern Polk County are closer to Tampa International Airport (IATA: TPA; ) which is served by all major airlines and has flights nationwide and to Canada, the Caribbean, and London. To get to Lakeland, follow signs to get onto Interstate 275 East (via a short drive on SR 60/Veteran's Expressway), go past downtown and get on Interstate 4 East. While State Road 60 is a major route across Polk County, it runs through urban areas for about 20-25 mi, including downtown Tampa, between T.I.A. and Polk County. Lakeland is about 35 mi and Winter Haven (via Polk Parkway/S.R. 570 [toll $1.50] & Winter Lake Rd/S.R. 540) is about 55 mi. There is no public transportation to Polk County. There are no airport shuttles/taxis with service to Polk County (as of Dec 2012).

Another option, further from the city than T.I.A, is Orlando International Airport (IATA: MCO). O.I.A. is one of the nation's busiest airports and Orlando is the top tourism destination in the U.S. As a result, there are hundreds of flights each day connecting Orlando with destinations big and small nationwide as well as Canada, Europe, Latin America, and the Caribbean. The airport also has one of the largest rental car fleets in the country, with several companies and a wide range of vehicles to chose from. To get to Lakeland, exit the South exit from the airport to the Central Florida GreeneWay (S.R. 417), head south ($2.50 in tolls) to get on Interstate 4 heading west (towards "Tampa").

The city's airport, Lakeland Linder Regional Airport (IATA: LAL), is capable of handling scheduled, commercial flights , but is currently not served by any airline. The airport has only had commercial flights for 10 months between June 2011 & April 2012. The air taxi operator Atlantic Airlines (; +1-800-879-0000) offers air taxi service to 87 airports (list) throughout Florida, including both large airports and smaller municipal airports. Their aircraft accommodate 2 passengers plus their luggage. Flights operate based on demand, not a regular schedule, and can be booked as soon as 4 hours before departure, if aircraft are available, and don't require reaching the airport 2 hours in advance for screening & check-in. The convenience comes at a price, an example one-way fare from Lakeland-Key West is $957 for 1 passenger or $478/person for 2 passengers. Additionally, South Lakeland Airport (FAA LID: X49) is a small, turf runway located 1 mi south of downtown.

By Train

  Lakeland Amtrak station, 600 Lake Mirror Drive. 10AM-6PM daily. Lakeland's Amtrak station is located on the northeast corner of downtown along Lake Mirror Drive, one block east of Massachusetts Ave. The station is unusual, in that it has two codes depending on the direction of the other destination in a trip segment. Between Lakeland and points north, the station code is LAK. Between Lakeland and points south, the station code is LKL. So, for example, the segments of a round-trip between Lakeland and Miami would be LKL-MIA & MIA-LKL. The segments of a trip between Miami and Jacksonville, with a stay in Lakeland, would be MIA-LKL & LAL-JAX. The station was opened in 1998 and has an enclosed waiting area, but no other features, like a lounge, Quick-Trak kiosk, long-term parking, baggage carts, lockers, ATM, or wi-fi. The Silver Starr route passes through the station twice in each direction—before and after Tampa. Heading south (New York-Miami), passengers may debark only (boarding is not allowed) before the train reaches Tampa; when the train stops in Lakeland after Tampa, only new passengers may board (no debarking). This order is reversed when heading northbound (Miami-New York). Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service is available between Lakeland and Orlando, Tampa, Pinellas Park-St. Petersburg, Bradenton, Sarasota, Port Charlotte and Fort Myers. Thruway Motorcoach service is booked together with train travel with Amtrak. Public transportation is available with Citrus Connection bus service. The Lakeland Downtown terminal is located just a few blocks away on the west side of N. Florida Ave., north of the tracks, but crosses a few busy roads and is very close to some shady best not to walk between the terminal and the station after dark. Citrus Connection routes to the station are: Route 12 (map/schedule) running between the Winter Haven & Downtown Lakeland terminals; Route 22XL (map/schedule) between Bartow & the Downtown Lakeland terminal. Route 3 (map/schedule) passes near the station.

By bus

The city has one Greyhound station:

Get around

By car

By taxi


Lake Mirror Promenade
  • Jenkins Arena
  • Sikes Hall (Conference Center)
  • Exhibition Hall
  • Youkey Theatre


Munn Park in downtown.

Lake Mirror located Downtown Lakeland has something for everyone in the family. Lake Mirror Promenade is a beautiful, circular walk around the lake. Migrating birds and ducks can be frequently seen here, and on occasion some of Lakeland's famous swans. Take a leisurely stroll through Hollis Gardens through breathtaking displays of foliage and flowers. Barnett Family Park has play areas for children of all ages. A special play area for younger children is enclosed with a latching gate for peace of mind. Bright colors, mosaic wildlife scenes, animal sculptures and unique play structures beckon children. Plenty of seating is available to take a break. Keep a keen eye out for all of the artistic details in the tiles on the ground and the large sculptures that can be found around the lake. Festivals and movies on the Promenade are held throughout the year, as well as weddings and other special events. Grab a bite to eat at the Garden Bistro for lunch or the Texas Cattle Company steakhouse for dinner. Be sure to check out the fairly new massive swan sculpture at the top of the staircase of the Galley. Download the pdf and take yourself on a historic walking tour of the Downtown Lakeland area:





Cigar Bars

Night Clubs





Bed & Breakfasts

RV Parks


Internet access

There are three public libraries in Lakeland, all of which have computers for public use and wireless internet access.

Post offices

Go next

Routes through Lakeland

Orlando Kissimmee  N  W/S  Tampa/Winter Haven Miami
Tampa Plant City  W  E  Polk City Orlando
Tampa Plant City  W  E  Auburndale Orlando
Pensacola Brooksville ← Jct N S  N  S  Bartow West Palm Beach
END  N  S  Mulberry Ends at W E
END  W  S  Jct W E Winter Haven
Ends at W E  W  E  Auburndale Ends at W E

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Thursday, December 17, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.