Krasnoyarsk (Russian: Красноя́рск kruhz-nah-YAHRSK) is a city in Eastern Siberia, Russia.


Krasnoyarsk, view from a paraplane

Krasnoyarsk has a population of over 1 million people. It is known for its nature and has been referred to as the most beautiful city in Siberia. Forested mountains and cliffs are prevalent south of the city.

The Yenisey River flows through the city. The Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam, 20km upstream, prevents the river from freezing.

The city was founded in 1628 as a fort on the confluence of 2 rivers. It was originally called Krasny Yar, meaning "Red Steep Bank".

Many political exiles, including 8 Decembrists were banished to Krasnoyarsk. The city was also an administrative center for the gulags.

Krasnoyarsk grew significantly during World War II since industrial facilities were moved eastward to escape the war. After the fall of the Soviet Union, ownership of these facilities were transferred to oligarchs and unemployment rose significantly.

The economy of the city is dependent upon its aluminum production facilities.

Get in

 Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) -11.4 -8.0 -0.2 7.8 17.1 22.4 24.8 21.8 14.4 6.4 -3.4 -9.4
Nightly lows (°C) -15.5 -12.8 -5.7 2.0 10.4 15.9 18.7 15.7 8.9 2.0 -7.2 -13.4
Precipitation (mm) 18 13 16 32 44 63 76 67 49 43 37 30


By plane

Yemelyanovo (Емельяново) Airport, (IATA: KJA), +7 391 228-61-99, is 27km northwest of the city centre. The airport serves approximately 2 million passengers per year. There are regular flights to many major Russian cities including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Vladivostok, Irkutsk, Manzhouli, Samara, Novosibirsk, Ulan-Ude, and Yekaterinburg as well as international flights to Dushanbe, Bangkok, Baku, Tashkent, Beijing, Bishkek, and Osh.

Buses operate between the airport and the city centre. The journey takes approximately 1 hour to the train station or 1.5 hours to the intercity bus station. Alternatively, taxis should cost RUB800 if negotiated in advance and the journey to the city centre by taxi takes approximately 40 minutes.

Cheremshanka (Черемшанка) Airport, (IATA: CER), +7 391 252-65-57, is 23km northwest of the city centre. The airport is small and only 2 carriers operate flights to/from this airport: Krasavia, with flights to/from Abakan, Barnaul, Bratsk, Gorno-Altaysk, Kodinsk, Kyzyl, Motygino, Novokuznetsk, Podkamennaya Tunguska River and Turukhan Avia Airlines, with flights to/from Surgut, Svetlogorsk, Tomsk, and Turukhansk.

By train

See also: Trans-Siberian Railway

All Trans-Siberian trains stop at Krasnoyarsk.

Train timetables and fares can be found on the RZD website; enter "KRASNOIARSK, KRASNOYARSKAYA, [2038000]" as the station for Krasnoyarsk. There are several daily trains to Moscow (61 hours, RUB3,300-10,000), Irkutsk (18 hours, RUB1,200-6,400), Omsk (20 hours, RUB1,400-6,600), Novosibirsk (12 hours, RUB1,000-6,000), Ulan-Ude (12 hours, RUB1,500-8,400), Yekaterinburg (34 hours, RUB2,000-5,800), Perm (41 hours, RUB2,400-6,600), and Vladivostok (86 hours, RUB4,000-20,000).

There are left luggage services at the train station, but beware of long "breaks" taken by the operator. The service costs RUB100 per item per day.

There are plenty of buses making the 10 minute ride between the train station and the city centre. The journey costs RUB25. A taxi should cost RUB130 if negotiated in advance.

By bus

Kransoyarsk Avtovokzal is the inter city bus station. Buses operate to/from nearby cities, including those in the Khakassia region. Buses to most nearby cities cost under RUB300.

By car

The road connecting Vladivostok and Moscow, semi-officially called Moskovskyy Trakt (Московский тракт, Russian for the Moscow Way), passes through Krasnoyarsk. However, decent accommodation and eating establishments are hard to find along this road.

Get around

Google maps can be used to plan trips around the city.

By public transport

There are many public buses and marshrutkas, costing RUB25 per trip. In large buses, the conductor walks among the passengers and asks for money from the new passengers. In a marshrutka/minibus, the conductor sits near the driver and gets paid before passengers exit (because of this the hind door is rarely opened). In a large bus, the conductor walks around with a roll of tickets in a hand, a belt purse and demands payment.

By taxi

Taxis are plentiful but drivers rarely speak English. Negotiate prices in advance.


SibTourGuide offers well-priced excursions that enable you to easily see the best sights in the area.


Krasnoyarsk Regional Museum is Egypt-style ex-private building

Religious Buildings



Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station
Krasnoyarsk, Forest Reserve Stolby

There are many hiking opportunities in the nearby forests, many of which offer nice viewpoints. It is recommended to have a guide for such an excursion as the trails are not well laid-out and there are plenty of dangers, including animals.

Festivals and events


Krasnoyarsk, Communalnyi bridge (Коммунальный мост) is the main bridge over the Yenisey river

After Novosibirsk and Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk is the most prominent scientific and educational center of Siberia with more than 30 higher education facilities, many of which are the branches of the Russian Academy of Science, and about 200 high schools. The most notable higher education institutes are:

Similarly to Novosibirsk and Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk has a special city district called Akademgorodok (Academic Town in Russian) where many of the institutes are located. There, in the Institute of Biophysics, the experiment on ecological isolation of human beings called "Bios", similar to the US experiment Biosphere 2, has been successfully held in 1973-1985.


Like any industrial center, Krasnoyarsk has a large number of employment opportunities. However, salaries are low (up to 500 USD/month is 'good', 1000+USD/month is 'very good'; higher salaries are available for top-managers or business owners only). Salaries net of taxes.


If you want to buy Siberian souvenirs or paintings of the Krasnoyarsk artists you can visit the Diana (Диана) art salon at Mira St. (ул. Мира) 51. You may try to speak English with merchants here. Another place to look for paintings of the local artists is the Khingan (Хинган) galleries at Mira St. (ул. Мира) 3, Vzlyotnaya St. (ул. Взлётная) 2 and Totmina St. (ул. Тотмина) 6. Siberian souvenirs are also sold in the Sibir-Etno (Сибирь-этно) galleries, the first of them is in the Krasnoyarsk railway station, the second is at Aviatorov St. (ул. Авиаторов) 19.

The one unique thing you're advised to buy is cedar nuts, because the Siberian region is the only region where the authentic variety of this delicacy can be purchased. Throughout the rest of the world cedar nuts are extremely expensive.

Other goods are the same as all over Russia. Chinese clothes could be slightly cheaper on the Chinese market.

Entertainment centers / shopping malls


There are plenty of restaurants in Krasnoyarsk. While there is no McDonalds, there are locations of KFC. There are many excellent Chinese restaurants on Mira street near the Theater of Musical Comedy.








There are many nightclubs all over Krasnoyarsk, but it's better to avoid those located in suburbs (the clientele can be unpleasant), or very expensive luxury clubs and restaurants (frequented by local criminals). Most cinemas have nightclubs as well. Beware of drug traffickers, which are present in most nightclubs; however, they usually don't disturb others unless approached.


Note that some hotels do not have English-speaking staff and may be in bad condition. It is advisable to read reviews online and book in advance. It is also better to book accommodation in the city centre since certain outlying areas can be a bit dodgy.

Most hotels and hostels offer free WiFi and many have computer terminals. Almost all accept credit cards. Hotels and hostels will usually provide a visa invitation and registration for an additional fee.







The international code for Russia is +7, the code for Krasnoyarsk is 391.

For information on purchasing a SIM card in Russia, see Russia#Contact.

Note that SIM cards purchased elsewhere, such as in Moscow or Saint Petersburg, may be subject to roaming charges.


Free WiFi is available in most hotels, shopping malls, university buildings, cinemas, restaurants and cafes, and some public areas and parks. There are also plenty of WiFi hotspots for which you must pay. You can also buy a mobile GPRS card to enable data transfer via the cellular networks. For more information, see Russia#Contact.


Stay safe

Though generally safe for the experienced traveler, Krasnoyarsk can be a tricky destination for someone not familiar with the region and culture. The downtown areas are pretty much safe all night, but in the suburbs it's highly recommended not to walk alone after dark. If you are 15–30 years old, the neighborhood of student dormitories (living blocks without balconies, usually 9-story), the inside of living districts and street cafes can be dangerous for you even at the day time due to the chances to meet drunk bullies who can be easily provoked, for example, by your unusual or not athletic look. Other places of higher risk are large market places and the railway station: be sure to keep your cash out of view and out of pickpockets' reach.

Avoid asking the police for help unless it is really necessary. If possible, communicate with the hotel staff and security first, because communication with local policemen may be unpleasant due to both the language barrier and their usual rudeness, or even dangerous, especially for non-European-looking foreigners (although police in Krasnoyarsk is far from being as dangerous as in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. Sadly, this is a national problem in Russia: there is not much difference between police and criminals.

Go next

The easiest way to travel from the city is to fly to Moscow first, and then to wherever necessary. However, there are some flights from the local airport Emelianovo to China and the nearest ex-USSR countries, or through Novosibirsk and Irkutsk which can be easily reached by train.

The neighboring region of Khakassia with its major city Abakan is 400 km South, reachable by car (M-54 road) and everyday train from the railway station.

The next stops of note on the Trans-Siberian Railway are Achinsk to the west towards Novosibirsk and Kansk to the east towards Irkutsk

During the summer there are 1-2 week cruises to the Northern part of the Krasnoyarsk Krai to the mouth of the Yenisey. Everyday connections exist only for the city of Divnogorsk, located 40 km west, near the Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station.

Routes through Krasnoyarsk

Yekaterinburg Achinsk  W  E  Kansk Khabarovsk

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, February 06, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.