Kos (also spelt Cos) is a popular tourist destination in the Greek islands of the Dodecanese, located in the south-eastern part of the Aegean Sea, near the Turkish coast.


The island is part of a chain of mountains from which it became separated after earthquakes and subsidence that occurred in ancient times. These mountains include Kalymnos and Kappari which are separated by an underwater chasm c. 70 m (40 fathoms deep), as well as the volcano of Nisyros and the surrounding islands.

There is a wide variety of rocks in Kos which is related to its geographical formation. Prominent among these are the Quaternary layers in which the fossil remains of mammals such as horses, hippopotami and elephants have been found. The fossilised molar of an elephant of gigantic proportions was presented to the Paleontology Museum of the University of Athens.

The shores of Kos Island are washed by the waters of the Aegean Sea. Its coastline is 112 km long and is caressed by long immaculate beaches, leading to its main industry being tourism. Farming is the principal occupation of many of the island's inhabitants, with their main crops being grapes, almonds, figs, olives, and tomatoes, along with wheat and corn. Cos lettuce may be grown here, but the name is unrelated.

The main villages of Kos island are Kos Town, Kardamena, Kefalos, Tingaki, Antimachia, Mastihari, Marmari and Pyli. Smaller ones are Zia, Zipari, Platani, Lagoudi and Asfendiou.


The island of Kos is part of the Dodecanese. It is the third largest of this group of islands and the second most popular and touristy island after Rhodes. It is located between Kalymnos and Nysiros. It is very well organised and has everything in terms of tourism infrastructure.

Get in

By plane

There are daily flights from Athens airport by Olympic Air and Aegean Airlines . During the months of July and August Astra Airlines flies from Thessaloniki.

Ryanair offers flights all year around from Frankfurt-Hahn and Milan-Bergamo to Kos, prices can be as low as about €30 for a return flight.

From May till October charter airlines fly directly to Kos from many European airports.

By ferry

Daily ferry services from Piraeus, Rhodos, Patmos and Leros. From Kalymnos several times daily. From Santorini about 4 times weekly. From Syros twice weekly.

It is also possible to take a ferry from Turkish coasts, Bodrum and Datça. To Bodrum there is the faster Hydrofoil boat [] (from €30 one-way, passenger only) or the slower ferry operated by the Bodrum Ferryboat Association (passenger/car/caravan: €28/100/200)

Get around

By bus

It is a fairly small island and there is every now and then a public bus going to every part of the island. From the airport, there is a public bus going to Kos town via Mastichari. Departure times can be found at the bus stops.

By ferry

Depending on the season, there is many passenger ferries leaving for various neighboring islands. The main ferry to Kalymnos leaves from Mastichari. In high season, there are also daily ferries to Nisyros leaving from Kardamena.

By taxi

There is plenty of taxis on the island. From the airport they will charge at least €15, even if you just go the Mastichari, which is only 5 minutes away.

By rental scooter

Scooters, ATVs and cars can be hired from many places. If you hire a scooter for several days, rent can be as low as 10€ a day.



Relax on the beach, wind- and kitesurfing.


The island of Kos is a top yacht charter destination in Greece. You can start your sailing experience from Kos and follow any possible route to other magnificent islands. The marina of Kos is located at the old harbour and is known worldwide since it has been available to skippers and yachting enthusiasts for over a decade. It has been described as one of the hottest cruising areas in Europe as it fulfills every need for any type of boat, such as: fuel/petrol, speedboats, WC-showers, bilge & sewage pump out, waste disposal and many more.


If you're on a budget, there is pita gyros for € 2,5 sold by most restaurants (some for 2€)


Stay Safe

Kos is a very safe area and should not be a major problem for travellers. Just take normal precautions.

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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Tuesday, October 21, 2014. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.