Jotunheimen

Walking on Besseggen

Jotunheimen is Norway's most famous mountain area most of which is protected as a national park. This mountain range includes the highest summits in Norway (and Northern Europe) and some of the wildest alpine areas in Norway. While a few summits are only accessible by climbers, most of the area can easily be hiked by most visitors with proper boots and fitness. Glaciers can only be traversed with a guide and proper equipment. The name "Jotunheimen" has its roots in Norse mythology, and literally means "The home of the giants" (the mountain range was previously referred to as "Giant Mountains"). Jotunheimen is part of a long, virtually continuous line of mountains separating East Norway from coastal and fjord districts of Middle Norway and West Norway. Hardangervidda and Dovrefjell are other important parts of this great barrier. The western most part of Jotunheimen sits at the intersection with the great Sognefjord and the fjord's adjacent valleys. The eastern part of Jotunheimen rises gradually above the mountain plateau west of road 51. Road 55 marks the northern limit of Jotunheimen, while roads E16 and 53 marks the southern limit.

Understand

History

Several English and German noblemen used to visit Jotunheimen in late 1800s and early 1900s to explore the mountain area, and climb the mountains. The Norwegian poet Vinje named many of the peaks in the western part of the park and is justly celebrated with a monument near Fondsbu DNT Hut. The Norwegian national playwright Ibsen set one of the most famous scenes in his classic Peer Gynt on the dramatic Besseggen Ridge in the eastern part of the park. The Besseggen Ridge has become one of the most visited natural attractions in Norway with 1-2 people passing any given point every 2-3 minutes in high summer -- not a place for solitude! The eccentric Englishman HC Slingsby popularised the area through his trip reports published in the Scottish Mountaineering Journal in the 1880s and 1890s. He also published a classic book-length account entitled Norway: the northern playground. Three in Norway (by two of them) (written by Lees and Clutterbuck, 1882) is a classic travelogue about a long summer and early autumn spent mostly around Gjende lake.

Landscape

Alpine mountains, glaciers with lakes and small rivers. Utladalen canyon, the deepest valley in Norway, runs like a deep crack between Western and Eastern Jotunheimen.

Vettisfossen waterfall plunges into Utladalen valley

Flora and fauna

High mountain area with very few trees, mostly heathery terrain with some bushes.

Climate

Rapid weather changes can occur, lots of snow in the winter due to the high altitude, nice summer with over up to 25 degrees Celsius if good and sunny weather. Note that at higher altitudes deep snow can remain from winter until mid summer. Hiking season varies, but usually starts in late June, while July-August are the best months. Visitors should obtain specific information about snow conditions if they plan to hike in June. Utladalen valley is largely lowland and can be visited in May.

Get in

Location of Jotunheimen (# 5) and other national parks in southern Norway

Jotunheimen can be accessed from north and south. From Oslo its about 380km to the north (Lom) and about 230km to the south (Beitostølen) or 265km to Tyinkrysset.

By car

There are no roads within the boundaries of the national park.

By train

Train from Oslo and Gardermoen Airport to Otta 300km north of Oslo and take bus 80km west to Lom.

By bus

Fees/Permits

If you want to fish, there is a small fee. Contact the local tourist information for more details.

Get around

The only way to travel within Jotunheimen national park is by foot or by cross-country skis. The DNT (The Norwegian Trekking Association) have a network of hiking routes with accommodation in Jotunheimen.

Outside the boundaries of the park there are roads partly into area, for instance the private road to Juvasshytta, the public road to Eidsbugarden (along Tyin lake), the private Tindevegen between Årdal and Turtagrø (in Luster).

Alpine summits in Western Jotunheimen.

See

A fabulous alpine mountain area; probably the best in the whole of Scandinavia. There are countless glaciers, emerald lakes, summits and steep cliffs. Most of the area is protected as national park or landscape park.

Do

Here you can go hiking both in summer and by cross country skiing in the winter. Several possibilities of guided glacier hiking and guided climbing in the high mountains.

In Jotunheimen you climb several alpine mountains. Jotunheimen's highest mountain is Galdhøpiggen at 2469m above sea level. Galdhøpiggen is also the highest mountain in Norway and in Europe north of the Alps. Second highest is Glittertind with 2464m. These are both long, but technically easy hikes. One of the most famous hiking routes in Jotunheimen is across Besseggen a narrow edge with steep cliffs on both sides. The most famous mountain where you have to climb to get to the top, is Store Skagastølstind (2405m).

Eat

What you bring with you, or buy at the local hotels in the park. Try Elk Burgers or Reindeer Steak.

Drink

Fresh mountain water

Sleep

Some accommodations in Spiterstulen, Jotunheimen

There are several places where you can get accommodation in the mountain, both full service mountain hotels and self service cabins. Visit DNT (The Norwegian Trekking Association) for more information.

Camping

Wild camp. Not more than three days in a row on the same spot.

Stay safe

Always bring a map (1:50,000 or 1:75,000) and a compass (even if you have a GPS/satellite navigation), and pay attention to the local weather forecasts. Always remember to tell where you go an when you expect to arrive there. Talk to locals if you're in doubt. While a national park, there are generally no guards or fences, visitors are expected to take care of themselves. Jotunheimen is mostly above the treeline and the surface is rugged with rocks, boulders, snow and glaciers: Sturdy boots are needed to walk safely and weather can be cold and rough even at mid summer.

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, January 23, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.