Jhansi

Jhansi is a city in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Understand

History

Jhansi was originally a hilltop fortress of the Maratha kings, built above a town then known as Shankargarh. It may have gotten its name from jhain-si (blurred shadow) for its appearance from a distance. The massive fort still stands, but today "Jhansi" refers both to the city of around 8 million at its base and to the surrounding region.

Far Jhansi's best-known inhabitant was Rani Lakshmi Bai, sometimes described as "India's Joan of Arc", who ruled it in the mid-19th century. She was the widow of the Rajah and, by Indian reckoning, on the old boy's demise their son inherited the throne and she became regent since the lad was quite young. However, the British authorities did not recognise the son's claim because he was adopted; by their rules the throne was vacant so the territory oh-so-conveniently fell to the East India Company.

Whatever the British thought, in practice Lakshmi Bai ruled the city. She resisted their disinheriting of her son in a variety of ways, including through the courts and by direct appeals to both the Viceroy and Queen Victoria, but without success. Then in 1857, during the mutiny of Britain's Indian troops, she went to war and had considerable success before finally being defeated; she was killed in a cavalry skirmish while fleeing her fallen city.

Climate

Jhansi is known for extreme climate. In winter, mercury may dip to 1°C and on hottest summer day, it may rise to 50 degrees Celsius. But normally, winter temperature ranges between 6 degrees Celsius and 21 degrees Celsius. While summer temperature hovers between 24 degrees Celsius and 45 degrees Celsius. Rainy season starts in the third week of June with Monsoon rains washing the central India. Monsoon rains gradually become weak in September and the season ends in the last week of September. The best season to visit Jhansi is pre-winter and spring. The best months to visit this place are October, November, February, & March. April to August, it is very hot and inadvisable to sightsee in the sun.

Jhansi Season Summary
Season Months Temperature Conditions
Spring February-March 18°C to 32°C Clear skies. Dry winds in February, overall pleasant.
Summer April-June 25°C to 45°C Clear skies, very hot during days. Cool in midnight.
Monsoon July-September 28°C to 38°C Somewhat hot and humid. Some spells of rain, with sunny, hot days in between.
Autumn October-November 20°C to 30°C Clear skies, warm days, cool nights.
Winter December-January 4°C to 25°C Dry, but sunny days, colder nights.

Clothing

Except winter, light cotton clothes are your best bet. In winter, one should carry woollen clothing, shawls, etc.

Tourist Information

There is a tourist information centre at railway station. U.P. Tourism and M.P. Tourism , both have an office at railway station platform no.1, where you can get all the information about tourist sites of M.P.

U.P. Tourism also has an office at Hotel Rahi Veerangana which is 1 kilometre from railway station and 4 kilometres from Interstate bus stand.

Get in

By plane

Though Jhansi has an airport, it is not operational for civil flights as it is a base of Army Aviation. A new greenfield airport is in the pipeline which would enable excellent connectivity with major metros and other important cities. The nearest operational airport to Jhansi is Gwalior (98 km).

By train

Jhansi is very well connected to major cities across India by direct train links. You can reach Jhansi from India's capital New Delhi, in 4.5 hours by New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express(India's fastest train). This city is directly connected to Jammu, Chandigarh, Amritsar, Dehradun, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Kanyakumari, Vishakhapattnam, Patna, Kolkata, etc. It is a big rail junction in central India. Jhansi is a Railway Division under North-Central Railway and its HQ is in Allahabad. Jhansi railway station is located near Sipri Bazaar. Train ticket reservation is fully computerized and can be done at railway station itself. Another convenient way of getting reservation is online reservation facility provided by [] site of Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation. Auto Rickshaw and Tempos (Shared Auto Rickshaw) are available from the station to most parts of the city 24 hours. There is a pre-paid booth at railway station for hiring Auto-Rickshaw. It is advised to negotiate fare before hiring one. Taxis are also available at railway station.

By car

Jhansi is situated at a strategic location where North-South and East-West corridors(4 lane National Super Highways) intersect each other. National Highways #25, #26, and #75 go through Jhansi. NH 25 connects to Lucknow at one side and Shivpuri at the other side. This is part of 4 lane East-West corridor. NH 26 connects to Lalitpur and is a part of 4 lane North-South corridor. Another NH 75 connects to Gwalior which is also a part of 4 lane North-South corridor. From Delhi, by car it takes 8-9 Hours and having good road condition.

By bus

The main bus stand is at eastern side of the city, on Jhansi-Kanpur highway. Buses coming from Jaipur, Agra, Gwalior also stop between BKD chowk (square or crossroads) and Elite chowk.

Buses are available to visit nearby places as well as for travel to different cities. These buses are available from Railway Station , Elite Crossing and Main Bus Stand. Most number of buses start from Main Bus Stand. U.P. State Roadways Corporation and M.P. State Roadways Corporation have a number of Bus services connecting to cities and towns around Jhansi. Some private operators also have luxury bus services on selected routes.

Since Jhansi is the jumping off point for Khajuraho, most travellers arrive at Jhansi to catch a bus for Khajuraho. The luxury buses for Khajuraho, are available from Jhansi railway station.

Get around

By tempo

It is the cheapest way to move inside the city, but you have to share it with other passengers. These are the bigger version of three-wheeled auto-rickshaws. The tempos have fixed routes and fixed fares. Tempos have a seating capacity of 8 passengers, but when you go to Orchha or Unnao-Balaji, by a tempo, you might see as many as 15 passengers crammed in a single tempo! So its better to have a reserve auto if you are going for Orchha with your loved ones and you should carry a long handkerchief to protect the head from suns heat during summers.

By auto-rickshaw

It is costlier than tempos but convinent for going to internal parts of city. Remember, auto rikshwas in Jhansi do not have fare meters. So, never forget to negotiate fare before hiring one.

By bus

Earlier, Jhansi had a mini bus service for commuting inside the city, but that has been discontinued for some time.

By car

You can easily visit Jhansi through Car. There are many car rental companies available.

By taxi

Private taxis are available for hire at taxi stand opposite Sita Hotel. These include all sorts of cars e.g. Toyota Innova, Chevrolet Tavera, Tata Indigo, Tata Indica, Maruti Esteem, Maruti Omni, etc. You can pre book a taxi with your travel agent also. A taxi is a good choice to get around the city.

See

Fort of Jhansi
Rani Mahal Jhansi

Do

There are a number of festivals/exhibitions worth watching, while in Jhansi. If you travel during festivities, you can witness the local culture with its customs and rituals more closely.

The competitions highlighting local culture (mehandi competition, rangoli competition, recipe competition etc.) are organised in state archeological museum premises, while the handicraft fair and some other competions have found the place in Rani Lakshmibai park, across the open air auditorium. The entry is free for all the events.

Farmers wait for this event eagerly to exhibit their produce. During the event, the public gardens witness thousands of visitors and the place becomes like a mini fair. The main attraction is the dog show with competions for dogs in many categories.

Theatres

There are three cinema halls in the city, mostly showing Hindi flicks from Bollywood. Some halls show Hollywood movies also. The best theaters to watch a movie, is Khilona (recently renovated completely). From Jhansi railway station, one can reach to the cinema hub of Jhansi city, in 10 minutes by a tempo, where three theatres (Natraj, Khilona and Elite) are situated.

Buy

The main shopping markets in Jhansi are:

Eat

Nearly all mid-range hotels here have restaurants that offer good Indian and continental food. Apart from these, throughout the city, you can find good eating places to suit every pocket. There are some roadside dhabas on the outskirts of the city too, with a rustic charm.

Budget

Mid-range

Splurge

Drink

With opening up of liquor policy, more and more Beer and Wine shops can be seen in every corner of the city. But good, air conditioned places to consume alcohol, are limited. The city has no pub but the bars in mid-range hotels are very well stocked.

Sleep

Budget

There are many budget hotels and lodges in the old city area too. If you want to get a glimpse of daily life of Jhansi, then you can stay in a hotel in old city area which is noisy all the time.

Mid-range

Some mid-range hotels in Jhansi have their own restaurant and some even have a bar.

Splurge

Nearly all the high-end hotels in Jhansi have multi-cuisine restaurants offering veg. and non veg. food. The rooms are mostly air conditioned and 24 hour room service is a norm, but most of them have check out time at 12 noon.

Connect

Telephone: The area code for telephonic communication is 510. If you have a mobile phone, then, to dial any local landline number from your mobile, you have to dial 0510, then the desired number. If you want to dial a local(U.P. East/West) mobile number from your cell phone, then simply dial the ten digit mobile number. There are plenty of public phone booths every where. Some local phones at public places are coin operated. You can extend the talk by putting one Rupee coins (₹1) in the slot. From any public booth showing "STD/ISD" on it, you can make long distance national and international calls.

Mobile services: There are currently six mobile operators in the city. Of these, Reliance and Tata provide services on CDMA platform while Vodafone, Airtel, Idea and state-run BSNL work on GSM platform. So if you carry a GSM handset, you can buy a prepaid connection here from any of these companies for your communication needs, while you travel in and around the city. While most companies provide with excellent network coverage, especially BSNL, Reliance, and Airtel; the congestion in BSNL network has almost become a norm.

Internet: The railway station of Jhansi has a cyber cafe on platform no.1, near the main gate, with broadband speed and you can use full internet services here. Apart from this, the city is dotted with various cyber cafes in the marketplaces, near hotels, and charge ₹15-₹20 per hour. All the cyber cafes use Windows xp/Windows 98 operating system and Internet Explorer 5.0 or above as the web browser. Some use Mozilla Firefox browser too. It is advisable to clear the cache memory of the computer after signing out.

Stay safe

Jhansi is known for its peaceful atmosphere. So there are no major concerns about safety of tourists. But if one takes precautions while traveling alone, the better it is. Exploring the places of interest, in groups and during day, is totally safe. It is known for the friendly and helping people it has. "Atithi Devo bhava" is well implemented by the citizens of this city. For any medical emergency, there are plenty of hospitals dotting the city.

Go next

From Jhansi, you can go conveniently in any direction, depending upon your further plans. If you are going towards Gwalior/Agra/Delhi, you can get 20-25 trains daily heading towards New Delhi. There are some fast trains for Kanpur/Lucknow also. If you want to continue to explore religious places of Uttar Pradesh, then you can take a train for Chitrakoot, Allahabad(Prayag) and/or Varanasi (Kashi), farther east. To enter Madhya Pradesh capital, Bhopal or towards south India, again there are 20-25 trains daily connecting to major cities in south(all via Bhopal). There is one more train route which can take you to Jabalpur, if you have an interest in marble rocks of Bhedaghat. There are regular and reliable bus services for Gwalior, Agra, Jaipur, Kanpur, Lucknow, Indore, Kota etc. Most deluxe buses with sleeper and semi-sleeper layout, leave Jhansi in the evening for overnight outbound journeys.

Evening buses to Delhi start from the Jhansi main bus stand at 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10 PM. The journey costs ₹350 and takes up to 12 hours.

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Thursday, January 21, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.