Javanese phrasebook

Javanese is a significant language in Central and Eastern Java, in Indonesia.

For many Javanese people it is the mother tongue before Indonesian.

In the Javanese palaces of Yogyakarta and Surakarta, refined Javanese involves a wide range of interactive codes and sophisticated acknowledgement of social level in the usage of vocabulary. Another way to put it, status and position in relation to the person being spoken with, determines word use, and grammar.

A very good indicator of how Javanese nuances can even be heard in a single word, the word Inggih or yes, can determine a persons status and standing, whether it sounds more gg or more jj in the pronunciation. When in a palace, if you can, without being impolite, listen to courtiers, or other people clearly of status, and hear if you can distinguish their usage, and hence identify whether they are higher or lower in status.

In the vocabulary informal refers to the lower level usage. If a local thinks they can speak with you in Javanese, they will tend to use higher status words when spekaing with you.

Pronunciation guide

Vowels

a 
like 'a' in "father" or like 'o' in "top"
e 
like 'e' in "vowel" (schwa)
é 
like 'ay' in "say", usually the difference between a schwa and an e is not indicated in writing
i 
like 'i' in "thin", sometimes like 'ay' in "say"
o 
like 'ow' in "low" or like 'o' in "top"
u 
like 'oo' in "hoop", sometimes like 'o' in “hope”

Consonants

b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s , t, v, w, x, y, z, bh, dh, kh, ny,

Phrase list

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics

Hello. 
(Halo)
How are you? 
(Piyé kabaré?)
How are you? (informal) 
(Kadọs pundi kabaripun?)
Fine, thank you. 
('Pangéstinipun saé, matur nuwun' )
What is your name? 
('Asmanipun panjenengan sinten?' )
My name is ______  
______ . ('Nami kula' _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
(Kulạ seneng kepanggih panjenengan.)
Please. 
(Monggo.)
Thank you. 
(Matur nuwun.)
Thank you. (very formal) 
(Matur sembah panuwun.)
Thank you. (informal) 
(Matur nuwun.)
You're welcome. 
(Sami-sami.)
Yes. 
(Inggih.)
Yes. (informal) 
(Iyo.)
No. 
(Mboten.)
No. (informal) 
(Ora.)
Excuse me. (getting attention) 
(Nuwun sewu.)
Excuse me. (begging pardon) 
(Ngapunten.)
I'm sorry. 
(Nyuwun pangapunten.)
Goodbye! 
(Kepanggih malih nggih!)
Goodbye! (informal) 
(Da-da!)
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
(Kula mboten saged ______ [saé])
Do you speak English? 
(Panjenengan saged basa inggris ?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
(Punapa wonten ingkang saged basa Inggris?)
Help! 
(Tulung!)
Look out! 
(Awas!)
Good morning. 
(Sugeng enjing./Sugeng enjang.)
Good evening. 
(Sugeng sonten.)
Good night. 
(Sugeng dalu.)
Good night (to sleep) 
(Sugeng dalu.)
I don't understand. 
("Kula mboten ngertos.")
I don't understand. (informal) 
(Aku ora mudeng.)
Where is the toilet? 
(Paturasanipun wọnten pundi?)

Problems

Police! 
Polisi!
Stop! Thief! 
Mandeg! Maling!
I'm lost. 
Kula kesasar./Kula nyasar.

Numbers

Angka Ngoko Krama
1 siji setunggal
2 loro kalih
3 telu tiga
4 papat sekawan
5 lima gangsal
6 enem enem
7 pitu pitu
8 wolu wolu
9 sanga sanga
10 sepuluh sedasa
11 sewelas setunggal welas (sewelas)
12 rolas kalih welas
13 telulas tiga welas
14 patbelas sekawan welas
15 limalas gangsal welas
16 nembelas enem welas
17 pitulas pitulas
18 wolulas wolulas
19 sangalas sangalas
20 rong puluh kalih dasa
21 selikur selikur/kalih dasa setunggal
22 rolikur kalih likur
23 telulikur tigang likur
24 patlikur sekawan likur
25 selawé selangkung
26 nemlikur nemlikur
30 telung puluh tigang dasa
31 telung puluh siji tigang dasa setunggal
32 telung puluh loro tigang dasa kalih
40 patang puluh sekawan dasa
41 patang puluh siji sekawan dasa setunggal
42 patang puluh loro sekawan dasa kalih
50 sèket sèket
51 sèket siji sèket setunggal
52 sèket loro sèket kalih
60 swidak swidak
61 swidak siji swidak setunggal
62 swidak loro swidak kalih
70 pitung puluh pitu dasa
80 wolung puluh wolu dasa
90 sangang puluh sanga dasa
100 satus setunggal atus
101 satus siji setunggal atus setunggal
102 satus loro setunggal atus kalih
120 satus rong puluh setunggal atus kalih dasa
121 satus selikur setunggal atus kalih dasa setunggal
200 rong atus kalih atus
500 limang atus gangsal atus
1.000 sèwu setunggal èwu
1.001 sèwu siji setunggal èwu setunggal
1.002 sèwu loro setunggal èwu kalih
1.500 sèwu limang atus setunggal èwu gangsal atus
1.520 sèwu limang atus rong puluh setunggal èwu gangsal atus kalih dasa
1.550 sèwu limang atus sèket setunggal èwu gangsal atus sèket
1.551 sèwu limang atus sèket siji setunggal èwu gangsal atus sèket setunggal
2.000 rong èwu kalih èwu
5.000 limang èwu gangsal èwu
10.000 sepuluh èwu sedasa èwu
100.000 satus èwu setunggal atus èwu
500.000 limang atus èwu gangsal atus èwu
1.000.000 sayuta setunggal yuta
1.562.155 sayuta limang atus swidak loro èwu satus sèket lima setunggal yuta gangsal atus swidak kalih èwu setunggal atus sèket gangsal

Time

morning = esuk
afternoon = awan
evening = sore
night = bengi

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ menit
_____ hour(s) 
_____ jam
_____ day(s) 
_____ dina
_____ week(s) 
_____ minggu
_____ month(s) 
_____ wulan
_____ year(s) 
_____ taun

Days

Monday = Senen

Tuesday = Selasa

Wednesday = Rebo

Thursday = Kemis

Friday = Jumat

Saturday = Setu

Sunday = Minggu

Transportation

Directions

left 
kiwo
right 
tengen
straight ahead 
lurus/kenceng
north 
ler/lor
south 
kidul
east 
wetan
west 
kilen/kulon

Learning more

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