Heerlen

Old and new architecture in the city centre

Heerlen is a city in Limburg in the south east of the Netherlands. The old name of the city was Coriovallum and from ancient times it was a Roman hub. This expanded into the city it is presently. Currently, Heerlen has become a part of a new larger project city called Parkstad Limburg comprising: Brunssum, Kerkrade, Landgraaf, Onderbanken, Nuth, Simpelveld en Voerendaal on the operational level.

Understand

History

Even though there have been traces of earlier civilization the real history of this town starts in the Roman era. The Roman military settlement, known as Coriovallum, sat at the crossroads of the Boulogne-Cologne and Xanten-Aachen-Trier routes.

In the late 19th century the town's importance for the coal mining industry grew. A railroad was finally constructed in 1896 and strongly improved the accessibility of the town, which was then only a village. The first major mine, the Oranje-Nassau mine, was opened in 1899 and three more mines followed in the years up to 1927. The town rapidly grew in size, changing it into one of the largest in the area.

In 1965, the decision to close all Dutch coal mines left many workers without jobs. In an attempt to create jobs and welfare, the Dutch government moved the Dutch Bureau for Statistics and the ABP, the pension fund for government and education employees in the Netherlands to Heerlen.

Get in

By train

The main train station is situated in the centre of the city. Three other railway stations in Heerlen are Heerlen de Kissel, Heerlen Woonboulevard and Hoensbroek. There is a train from Aachen Hbf to Heerlen called the euregio-line which travels twice per hour. The train station in Heerlen is going to get a renovated starting in 2010 adding more travel options when completed (second part of the Maankwartier build). Also this will be a shopping mall when arriving in this new station when completed with eating and drinking possibilities.

By bus

The bus terminal is close to the back exit of the trainstation. The bus operator in Heerlen and surrounding cities is Veolia. There is one international busline from Aachen to Heerlen.

By car

Heerlen is situated along the A76 highway but get on the N281 if traveling south or north because there is no exit to Heerlen on the A76. You can find taxies waiting on the upper level when exiting at front of the trainstation. From Aachen by car you will have to take the N281. From Maastricht take the A79 to Heerlen. At the end of the A79 is Heerlen. You can also use the inner ring of parkstad to get to Heerlen.

By plane

Maastricht-Aachen airport is 10 miles away from the city centre of Heerlen. Albeit it is more convenient to fly to Eindhoven airport and take a bus and train to Heerlen, because of the low number or flights arriving and departing from Maastricht-Aachen airport. For international flights it is better to arrive and depart from Brussels (BE), Amsterdam (Schiphol, NL) or Dusseldorf (DE). Each of these airports are about 2–3 hours away from Heerlen by car.

Get around

If you are in Heerlen center, everything could be done on foot. A car is convenient to explore the outskirts of town and attractions in the broader area, but take into account that the city center is car-free and parking there is expensive. Another possibility is to discover Heerlen by bike. There are some interesting parks and locations to reach by bike. Using the extensive bus routes can take you to everything in the city that is bit further away from the center.

See

Do

Buy

Het Loon - Historically old shopping mall opened in 1965

There are two known shopping locations in Heerlen. The center of the city and the Woonboulevard. The Woonboulvard is famous for its living and lifestyle shops. It is the biggest Furniture strip of Europe.

Eat

Drink

On the pancratiusplein people can find the many cafes and terrasses who are usually filled with people troughout the year.

Sleep

Connect

VVV Heerlen is where you can get information about the city. For any information go to Oranje Nassaustraat 16, 6411 LH Heerlen. They can assist with:

Go next

Connections to Aachen are via train or bus. Other options by train are to Belgium (via Maastricht) and the remainder of the Netherlands.

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Thursday, October 22, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.