- For other places with the same name, see Hebron (disambiguation).
Hebron (Arabic: الخليل al-Ḫalīl; Hebrew: חֶבְרוֹן Ḥevron, Ḥeḇrôn, or Ḥebron) is an ancient city in the southern West Bank. It is mentioned in the Bible as the home of Abraham, and the burial place of him and several generations of his family. In King David's time, Hebron was briefly the capital of the Israelite state, before the capital moved to Jerusalem. Today, Hebron is holy to both Muslims and Jews due to its association with Abraham. (Christianity is also an Abrahamic religion, but Christians haven't paid as much attention to Hebron.)
The Jewish population of Hebron was evacuated after a killing of nearly 70 of them in 1929. Then, after the 1967 war, a few Jewish settlers went to visit Hebron for Passover, then decided to renew life in what used to be the Jewish quarter of Hebron until 1929. Today, about 500 Jews live in part of the old city of Hebron under continual IDF protection, and with a ratio of four Israeli soldiers for each Israeli settler in Hebron. The remaining 166,000 residents of the surrounding city are Palestinians. The Cave of Machpelah or the Ibrahimi Mosque, Abraham's burial place and the main holy site in the city, is on the border between the Palestinian and Jewish sectors.
Easiest and most direct way is to grab bus 21 from the Arab bus station just out and to the right from Damascus gate in Jerusalem. It will cost you less than 10 NIS and tell them Hebron or Al-Khalil (Arabic) they will take you to a mid way drop off point at the Bethlehem bus station and from there you need to go to the very bottom floor of the Bethlehem bus station where a serveese (small collective taxi) will deliver you to Hebron for less than 10 NIS.
You can take the 160 bus from the Jerusalem Central Bus station to the Jewish settler's section of Hebron. There are also a few buses from Be'er Sheva if you are coming from the south. Check that it goes into Hebron and not just to the nearby Jewish settlement of Kiryat Arba. It is impossible to access the Jewish settler's section of Hebron on foot. Palestinian taxi drivers are not allowed into the Jewish settler's section, so you will need to travel there from an Israeli town or a Jewish settlement. (This is not entirely true. Internationals can but if your driver is Palestinian, then your vehicle cannot. Hence, avoid this mess, take the Palestinian route above)
If you want to access major metropolitan Hebron, you can take a servees taxi from the bus stations in Ramallah or Bethlehem. If you are coming from Jerusalem, you can also take the bus to Abu Dis and tell the bus driver you are going to Khalil
The by far easiest and cheapest way to get to Hebron from Jerusalem is to take a so-called Service-Taxi to Betlehem, then ask the driver where to take another Service-Taxi to Hebron. Total cost for one-way trip to Hebron is around NIS 15 (US$4).
Make sure to agree on a price for a taxi before getting in. Taxi rides within the city shouldn't cost anything more than 15-20 shekels. For seeing sights out-of-town, it's best to take a service-taxi (the Palestinian version of a sherut, called a serv-eese in Arabic) at the service-taxi/bus station or negotiate a fair price with a taxi driver.
- Tomb of the Patriarchs (al Haram al Ibrahimi, Ha Ma'rat Ha Machpelah). the main religious site in the city. The cave, where the Patriarchs and their wives are buried is deep underground, and now people pray in a building on top of it, which was built by King Herod about 2000 years ago, and is both a mosque and a synagogue. Visitors are welcome to visit both the Muslim and Jewish sides of the cave when they are not being used for prayer schedules. The Muslim side provides cloaks for women to cover up when visiting. The Muslim side of the Cave contains the only known entrance to the Cave below (it is locked by a marble door).And as well, the tomb-markers of Issac, and Rebekah, with the tomb-markers of Abraham and Sarah lying on the border of both the Muslim and Jewish section of the cave so both have access to Abraham and Sarah's tombs from each side. The Jewish section contains the tomb-markers of Jacob and Leah. Most of the time, half of the building is used for Muslim and half for Jewish prayer. On a few predetermined days each year, each religion gets to use the entire building. For the Jews, in addition to the normal holidays, one of these days is "Shabbat Chayei Sarah" each fall, on which thousands of people from all of Israel visit Hebron to commemorate Abraham's purchase of the Cave from its previous Hittite owners. For the Muslims it is on Friday's during Ramadan and as well during the Eid al Fitr and Eid al Adha holiday which Islam commemorates as the day Abraham was willing to sacrifice his son.
- The Oak of Abraham Monastery (Hirbet as Sibteh). This Christian holy site commemorates Abraham's visitation by three angels.
- In addition, in Hebron there are the Tombs of Biblical figures Jesse, Ruth, and Abner
- Tomb of Lot/ Maqam an Nabi Luut (8 km from Hebron city). in the town of Bani Na'im, 8 km from Hebron lies the Tomb of the Biblical figure, Lot and as well the tombs of his two daughters (called al Maqam an Nabi Luut in Arabic), also there is another Muslim monument associated with Lot's settlement and prayers in the town (called "al Maqam an Nabi Yateen" in Arabic)
- Green Olive Tours conducts tours of Hebron with Palestinian guides. Their tours visit the Old City, Abraham's Tomb, glass-blowing workshop, and have lunch with a Palestinian family. Hebron on Tuesdays and Saturdays. Bethlehem & Hebron on Mondays and Thursdays.
- visit the H2 zone, ☎ +962598122525, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Abdallah Maraka does tours of the Israeli controlled part of Hebron from a Palestinian perspective, he also does tours around the rest of the city too.
- You can also hire one of many young folks around (most men) to give you a tour. Agree on a price before hand.
Purchasing items in the Old City district of the city (near the Ibrahimi Mosque) Hebron's Old City is an awesome place to get your Holy Land souvenir shopping done.
- The Hebron Glass and Ceramics Factory on Ras al Jora street in the northern part of the city sells blown glass and ceramic plates, tiles, ornaments and decorations (such as those seen in the markets in Jerusalem) which Hebron is famous for, at very, very, very reasonable prices. The shops in Jerusalem buy from this factory, so it's better to cut out the middle-man and just buy straight from the factory itself. The factory also allows visitors to see how the glass ornaments are made. It's really something to see.
- Hirbawi Kafiyya Factory (10 minute walk from the city centre), ☎ +97222220512, e-mail: email@example.com. This is the only Kafiya (Arab checkered scarf) factory left in Palestine. They make very beautiful kafiyas in different colours. between ₪15 and ₪30 depending on how well you bargain.
- Women in Hebron co-operative (old city souq), ☎ +97022254295, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. sells various handmade souvenirs and trinkets
Buy some tabun (large, soft, round) bread in Bab il Zaweya and pick up a container of hummus nearby and you are set.
Falafel is one of the most famous "snacks" in Palestine in general. Hebron has many famous falfel restaurants that are always crowded because of their tasty falafel. From the beginning of Ein Sarah Street to its end, you will find many falafel stalls or restaurants. Grap your sandwich for 2-3NIS and enjoy.
Hebron is famous of its traditional dish called (Al-Qidrah Al-Khaliliyah). This meal contains mainly rice and meat (chicken or lamb). It is very tasty and lovely, Al-Qidra is eaten usually on Fridays and other festivals. Since it needs time to prepare and it should be cooked in a woody oven in bakery, it is not easy to find in casual restaurant. However, it is available in restaurants like "Abu Mazen" and "Alquds" in Ras el jora. It could be expensive for local citizens. The dish for one person with drinks would cost around 35NIS.
If you are a sweet lover, do not miss to get some sweets from the many sweets shops around in Hebron. Try Kinafa, Baqlawa, Harisah, Kolaj and the list can go long.
As a city of Muslim population, Alcoholic drinks are not available in Hebron, at least in the Arab areas. Nevertheless, natural juices can be found in many coffee shops with nice atmosphere. Ein Sarah Street is the main street for night life between 7 pm to 11 pm. Many coffee shops are available there where you can smoke shisha and drink soft beverages.
- Orange and pomegranate near the gate to the most in the Old City is stellar. It runs about 2 NIS.
- Carrot: prepared in front of your eyes in the old town of Hebron.
- The Al-Amanah Hotel or sometimes called the "Hebron Hotel". It is in Ein Sarah Street and 5 minutes away from the city center "Bab El Zawyieh". You can check with the hotel management about the availability of rooms and prices by email: email@example.com or phone: +972 2 225 4240.
- Hanthala Hostel; Phone: 059 927 1190; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org;
In late 2010, when the research for the Bradt Guide to Palestine was being carried out, it wasn't clear whether this hostel in the Old City of Hebron would remain open. However, as a popular, clean, extremely affordable and very well-located place to stay in this under-served city, it's worth getting in touch to check. Shared kitchen, small dorms, linen supplied, owned by a tour guide who can also arrange trips. (This hostel is still there but the owner is changed).
- There is a possibility to stay with families in the old city of Hebron. Some of these families have extra rooms that are usually rented to visitors. You can contact 0599185654; email: email@example.com. Trips can also be arranged.