Hawke's Bay

Hawke's Bay is a region on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. The population centre is on the Heretaunga Plains, consisting of the twin cities of Napier and Hastings and satellite towns. The coastal areas are sunny and relatively dry, due to the location on the east coast. The Heretaunga Plains are renowned for their horticulture (orchards, vineyards and gardens). As the cities suffered great destruction in an earthquake in 1931 and were rebuilt in the 1930s, they are now known for their concentration of Art Deco architecture remaining from that period.


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The Hawke's Bay district gets its name from Hawke Bay, a large bay in the North Island's eastern coastline. The district extends south almost to Woodville in Wairarapa.

Hawke's Bay was one of the original colonial provinces when New Zealand was colonised by British settlers in the mid to late nineteenth century. The original province stretched from the 39th parallel (north of Napier) to the Manawatu River south of Woodville, and this area has its own anniversary day public holiday, Hawke's Bay Show Day, which is held on the Friday before Labour Day (the fourth Monday in October). The small part of modern Hawke's Bay north of the 39th parallel observes Auckland Anniversary Day on the Monday closest to 29 January instead.

The flat fertile land has been developed for farming. Initially sheep, later beef and dairying as well as forestry, orcharding and cropping. The warm dry sunny climate makes the region ideal for winegrowing and the vineyard industry has developed strongly in recent years.

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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Tuesday, December 29, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.