Gujarat

Gujarat on map of the Republic of India

Gujarat (Gujarati: ગુજરાત, Hindi: गुजरात) is a state in the western region of India. Lothal, near to Ahmedabad and Dholavira, near to Kutch are sites of a Harappan (Indus) civilisation, which existed more than 4000 years ago. Gujarat is known for the Stepped Wells, Jain Temples, Asiatic Lion and business-oriented people.

Regions

Gujarat regions - Color-coded map
Gujarat (North Gujarat, Central Gujarat, South Gujarat)
Saurashtra
It was never incorporated into British India. Instead it survived as more than 200 princely states until Independence.
Kutch
The largest district in the state and the second largest district of the country. The main city is Bhuj.

Cities

Below is a selection of eight of Gujarat's most populated cities. Other cities can be found under their specific regions.

Other destinations


Understand

Gujarat is a dazzlingly diverse state that shakes up the know-it-all Indophile, and reveals treasures hidden from the tourist hordes. Gujaratis are famous for their thrift and entrepreneurship. Encounter an Indian anywhere, from Wall Street to Wellington, and there’s a good chance they hail from this wealthy, resourceful state. There are many significant sites of the God Krishna’s life along the coast of Saurashtra. With 20% of the country's total industrial output, Gujarat is also the most industrialized state in India.

People

About 89% of the population of Gujarat are Hindus. Muslims account for 9% and Jains 1% of the population. Most of the Gujarati people are strict vegetarians. Amongst Hindus the deity of Krishna is famously worshipped in his form of Shrinathji throughout Gujarat. Since Gujarat is a heavily industrialized state, there are many factory jobs that have attracted migrants from other parts of India.

Weather

The winters are mild, pleasant and dry, with average daytime temperatures around 24 °C (80 °F) and nights around 10 °C (51 °F) with 100 % sunny days and clear nights.

The summers are extremely hot and dry with day temperatures around 46 °C (115 °F) and at night no lower than 34 °C (90 °F) with sunshine.

At the time just before the Monsoon, the temperatures are similar to summer but with high humidity which makes the air feel hotter. Relief comes when the monsoon season starts around mid June. The day temperatures are lower to around 38 °C (100 °F) but humidity is very high and nights are around 27 °C (80 °F).

Winter (October to January) is best time to travel in Gujarat.

Talk

Gujarati is the language spoken here, although Hindi is widely understood. In main cities, English is widely known.

Get in

By plane

SVPIA Ahmedabad International Terminal
A SpiceJet Boeing 737-900ER taking off from Surat Airport

Flights into smaller airports of Baroda, Bhavnagar Bhuj, Diu, Jamnagar, Porbandar, Keshod, Kandla, Surat and Rajkot connect through Mumbai.

Domestic airlines include Jet Air, Indigo, Indian Airlines, Air India.

By car

Gujarat has 1,572 km of National Highway Network.

By train

India has very big rail network. Indian Rail has a 5,890 km rail network in Gujarat.

Get around

By road

Most people in Gujarat travel by private buses or by taxi. These are excellent modes of transport as the roads are among the best in India. Check at your hotel if you want a travel agent for private buses.

By train

Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Surendranagar, Porbandar and Kandla are big stations in the Indian Rail Network.

See

Museum

Navratri celebrations

Fairs & Festivals

Itineraries

Do

Nal Sarovar (lake)

Buy

There are Gujarati Handicraft Development Corporation showrooms selling Gujarati and Kutchhy handicrafts in Ahmedabad, Baroda, Bhavnagar, Rajkot, and Surat.

Eat

Khaman, a delicious Gujarati snack

Gujarat is heaven for vegetarians. Approximately 80% of Gujaratis eat vegetarian foods only. Hundreds of varieties of lacto-vegetarian foods are offered across Gujarat. Rotli (Chapati/Puri), Shaak (Subzi/Vegetables/Curries), Mithai (Sweets), Rice and Dal are parts of a Standard Gujarati Thali (Meal) in restaurants. In fact, it might be a little difficult to find non-vegetarian restaurants in Gujarat. International travelers can find multi-cuisine restaurants serving global varieties.

Drink

Alcohol is forbidden in Gujarat. Foreign tourists are partly exempted from this restriction and can drink in a few five-star hotels like Taj and Courtyard by Marriott. Drinking in public is strictly prohibited. However, if you are going to stay longer in Gujarat, you may apply for an alcohol permit. Ask how to do it in your hotel or the place where you stay.

Stay safe

Gujarat is a relatively safe state.

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, March 05, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.