Guwahati, also Gauhati, is the largest city in the state of Assam, Northeast India. Dispur, the state's capital, is in the circuit city region. Today, Guwahati is one of the fastest growing cities of India and is the second-largest metropolis in eastern India after Kolkata.


Excavations trace the origins of the city to around the 4th century and it was the capital of Assam until the 10th century. Currently, the rapidly-growing metropolis has a population of more than 1.8 million and encompasses an area of over 360 km2, making it the largest city in the state and the region. It is the main center for shopping, retail and business; attracting people from all over the north east as well as from Eastern Bhutan. The slow, meandering Brahmaputra River is a focal point of the downtown while the lush hills of the Shillong Plateau provide a verdant backdrop for the suburbs. The pleasant environment, however, is somewhat tempered by the inadequate investment in the region, which is apparent from the low quality of roads. Still, despite the average infrastructure, private investors have been drawn to the city in recent years and there has been something of a boom in the construction of shopping malls and high quality condominiums, which has helped raise the economic profile of the city. The end of decades-long insurgency in Assam has also helped in the economic boom of Guwahati.


Guwahati's climate is subtropical. Summers last here from April to May, monsoons from June to September and winters from October to March. Temperatures here approximately range between 19°C and 26°C. 161.3 cm is the average yearly precipitation level here. Humidity is more than 80/90% often.

Get in

By plane

Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport (IATA: GAU) is also known as (Guwāhāti International Airport) and was formerly known as (Borjhar Airport).

Guwahati airport is a major hub for flights to North-East India and limited international destinations.

The hill resort cities of Shillong and Tura are connected by regular scheduled helicopter services run by Pawan Hans. Shillong (30 min), Tura (50 min), Naharlagun (Itanagar), Tawang (75 min).

Airlines Destinations
Air India Bagdogra, Delhi, Imphal, Kolkata
Air India Regional Agartala, Aizawl, Delhi, Dibrugarh, Dimapur, Imphal, Jorhat, Kolkata, Lilabari, Silchar, Tezpur
Druk Air Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Paro
GoAir Bagdogra, Bangalore, Delhi
IndiGo Chennai, Delhi, Imphal, Jaipur, Kolkata, Mumbai
JetLite Agartala, Bangalore, Delhi, Dibrugarh, Goa, Imphal, Jorhat, Kolkata, Mumbai
Pawan Hans Itanagar, Naharlagun, Shillong, Tawang, Tura
SpiceJet Agartala, Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai

By train

Guwahati is connected by train with major cities like Kolkata, New Delhi, Bangalore, Thiruvananthapuram,Chennai, Hyderabad, Chandigarh and Mumbai. Reservation office is 30m north of the station, and at #3 window you can book a foreign tourist quota on trains originating from Northeast Frontier railways network.

By car

By road - NH-31, NH-37 and NH-40 pass through Guwahati. It is a three hour drive to the Bhutanese border town of Samdrup Jongkhar.

By bus

It is connected to all major cities of North East India by bus. There are overnight bus services for Dibrugarh, Kohima, Imphal, Itanagar, Siliguri.

By boat

Luxurious vessels with A/C upper deck connect Guwahati to Dibrugarh, passing through Kaziranga & Tezpur.

Get around

By bus

Bus is the cheapest way of travelling around the city. Guwahati is well connected to most of its city area with local service buses, with air conditioned bus service having recently begun between the airport and the city.

By auto

Compared to other cities in India, autos charge a hefty price for the ride. There is no meter system used by the autos, the auto driver will simply refuse to drive you if you insist on the meter - the best you can do is negotiate in advance ( check with a local on what it should cost you). Small distance charges are high.

River crossing

If you can not go on the river cruise, at least cross the river on the ferry. Ferries provide transport to the local people - they leave the jetty at Fancy bazar every half an hour and the round trip will take around 45 minutes. Tickets are ₹10, 1 way. It is a simple way to enjoy the scenic beauty of the Brahmaputra river.


A Schematic Map of the city of Guwahati showing important roads and places of interest
Kamakhya Temple.


Accoland Amusement park



If you have just exited the airport or have to wait sometime before boarding your flight, then you can head to the Airport Restaurant right opposite to the domestic terminal for some reasonably priced food.


There are many good dhabas on the main roads, highways and at the outskirts of the city.




Bahor Sungar Doi

Guwahati is said to have the highest number of wine shops.




There are many budget hotels around the station but only a few are licensed to accommodate foreigners.



Go next

Shillong is an old hill station established by British and stepping point to Cherrapunji and further south. Meghalaya state transport provides several buses departing in the morning and also regular shared 7 passenger jeep service for ₹170 (more comfortable than usual 10 pax Sumo) from the bus terminal south of the train station.

The road to the Kamakhya Temple
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