Görlitz

View of Görlitz Peterskirche with the bridge from Poland.
Peterskirche

Görlitz is Germany's easternmost town, situated across the Neisse River from its Polish sister city of Zgorzelec. It is very well preserved and survived the Second World War more or less intact. A lot of money was invested in the 1990s to restore the city's old town. It is located on the rail and autobahn routes from Dresden to Wrocław, Poland. Due to its beauty it is very well suited as a historic backdrop for "period" films (especially those set during and before World War II) and thus the town has been used for a number of films in recent years, some of them with involvement of big Hollywood names (e.g. the movie "Valkyrie" with Tom Cruise). Görlitz is also the easternmost point of Germany and as chance would have it the 15th meridian East, that defines Central European standard time runs through town. Thus large parts of Europe are essentially on "Görlitz-time".

Get in

By plane

The closest airport is in Dresden (IATA: DRS) (25 minutes from Dresden main station by S-Bahn); however, the connections are limited. Other international airports are in Leipzig/Halle (IATA: LEJ)(actually situated near the town of Schkeuditz, some 20 minutes by S-Bahn from Leipzig main station), Berlin and Wrocław (Poland). From these cities you have to calculate around three to four hours on a train.

By train

From the west

The city of Dresden is a hub in train transport in eastern Saxony. Regional trains run frequently and take around one hour. The Sachsen Ticket costs around 24€ (plus 3€ per additional person in your group) and is valid on all regional trains and trams in Görlitz and Leipzig, but not Dresden.

From the north

Görlitz can be accessed by regional train from Cottbus, which has a connection to Berlin.

From the east

There are several connections daily from Görlitz and more frequent connections from the Polish twin city Zgorzelec to Wroclaw.

From the South

There is a regional line connecting Görlitz and Zittau at the Czech/Polish/German border, sometimes this train also connects to Liberec in the Czech Republic.

By car

East-West-Axis

Görlitz is situated on the European Route E40, which in Germany is called motorway A4, coming from Cologne via Chemnitz and Dresden. This motorway connects to Wrocław and Katowice on the Polish side of the border.

from the North

Görlitz can be accessed via federal highway (Bundesstraße) B115 from Cottbus, which connects to Berlin. However, passing through many small villages you have to factor in a substantial amount of time.

Get around

On Foot

You are most likely to stay in the old town and city centre for most of your stay. These areas are sufficiently confined and you should be fine walking.

By Tram

Currently there are two tram-lines in operation which connect the suburbs with the city centre. The outer regions of the suburbs are about 5 to 6km (three or four miles) from the city centre. A tram ride there takes about 15min. Single fare for adults is 1.40 EUR, a day ticket is 3 EUR (as per 2014). Remember to validate your ticket as soon as you board the tram.

Görlitz is part of the regional transport council ZVON. All ZVON tickets from other cities and regional trains, which cover the fare zone of Görlitz are valid there too as well as the Saxony-ticket.

By Bus

Suburbs that are not covered by trams can be reached on local buses. The tickets you buy for trams are equally valid on buses. Remember to validate your ticket as soon as you board the bus.

See

Görlitz, being the largest city in Germany without any WWII- damages, shows a unique ensemble of a medieval, baroque and renaissance old town, surrounded by a 19th century-belt of tenements, villas and industry areas, which stretches across the Neisse to the former East Görlitz, now Zgorzelec. Only the far outskirts are new buildings. Therefore Görlitz has served as a backdrop for several movies (set in pre 1945 Germany) since 1990 where its historic buildings stand in for other (now destroyed and rebuilt) German cities. The film boom has earned the town the nickname of "Görliwood" in the press and if you are lucky you might happen upon a film being shot.

After German unification most of the buildings were renovated. This makes Görlitz a unique heritage city with several thousands of listed buildings. Simply stroll around the town and enjoy the atmosphere.

Do

Buy

Eat

You will find a number of very nice restaurants in the old town. Compared to bigger cities like Dresden or Berlin, eating out in Görlitz is rather cheap. The cuisine served, is mostly the local Saxonian or Silesian cuisine, which traditionally involves meat, gravy and potatoes. Try a certain Silesian dish called, 'Silesian Kingdom of Heaven' ('Schlesisches Himmelreich'), it is a dish of pork cooked in plum gravy. Here is a number of nice restaurants in the old town:

Drink

Beer

Germany is best known for its amazing beer heritage and the area of Görlitz and eastern Saxony is no exception. There is a local brewery in Görlitz, called the Landskron Brauerei, and in about 20 km distance is another local brewery, called Eibau.

The main product of the Landskron Brewery is a Pilsner type beer. Pilsner type beers can be compared to what is known as Lager outside of Germany, however, this type is stronger and has a more distinctive taste of hops. The brewery also produces seasonal beers, for example "Maibock", a beer that is only sold in Spring and stronger than normal Pilsner type beers. Other Pilsner type beers well known in the area are Radeberger beer or Freiberger beer, which are from breweries close to Dresden.

The Eibau brewery some 20 km from Görlitz is best known for its dark beer. Dark beers are different from the Pilsner type beers, because the brewery uses roasted malt which gives the beer a deeply dark colour and a distinctive taste.

Another dark beer well known in the area is from a brewery called Köstritzer brewery, which is located in Thuringia, some 400 km west of Görlitz.

Sleep

Budget

Mid-range

Splurge

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Sunday, November 01, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.