Finland Proper

Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomen maakunta, Egentliga Finland) is a region in Western Finland with a population of 460 000.



Wooden houses in Uusikaupunki.


Countryside in Somero, seen from Hämeen Härkätie.

The name Finland was in medieval times applied only to this part of Finland, thus its present name.


The southern coast and archipelago is mainly Swedish-speaking, while the inland, the western coast and the northern parts of the archipelago are Finnish.

Get in

The area is well connected with the rest of Finland. You can get in by direct trains from Helsinki and Tampere (and sleeping cars from Lapland), however if you are traveling along the Bothnian coast bus should be your transportation of choice. Turku and Naantali have cruise ferry connections with Sweden. There is an airport in Turku, with some international connections.

Get around

The main towns are well connected with coaches, but check timetables in time for minor villages. To see the archipelago you can use one of several ferries and cruise boats, but outside the main routes you will often need some planning or a boat of your own (chartering is possible, there are also taxi boat services).


Stone labyrinth (jungfrudansen) near Nagu.


The Archipelago Trail

Ferry at the Archipelago Trail

You can admire the unique land of sea and stony islands of the Archipelago within in just one day trip from Turku. It is accessible via road number 180 from Kaarina. The islands are interconnected with bridges and ferries. You can travel by bus, car or bike.

The entire Archipelago Trail ring road (Turku - Kaarina - Pargas - Nagu - Korpo - Houtskär - Iniö - Kustavi - Taivassalo - Turku) is 250 km long and can be taken from mid-May to end of September, but parts are accessible all year round.

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