Exmoor National Park

Exmoor
Exmoor ponies

Exmoor National Park is situated in the south west of the United Kingdom. It spreads across the north coast of Devon and west Somerset and was one of Britain's first National Parks.

Understand

For many R.D. Blackmore's novel, Lorna Doone, set about Brendon in Devon and Oare in Somerset provides an extra appeal for the park - as do associations with the poet, Coleridge.

History

Exmoor earned National Park status in 1954 and is named after its main river, the River Exe, whose source is near Simonsbath, Somerset.

Landscape

Most of the 267 square miles(693 km²) of Exmoor is open heath and moorland. The highest point on Exmoor is Dunkery Beacon, at 1704 ft (519 m), also the highest point in Somerset.

Exmoor has 34 miles (55 km) of dramatic coastline including the highest sea cliffs in England. The South West Coast Path passes along these cliffs and was voted Britain's favourite trail in 2006.

Flora and fauna

Some moors are covered by a variety of grasses and sedges, while others are dominated by heather. Land is mainly used for livestock, although there are some areas which are cultivated such as the Brendon Hills.

Sheep have grazed on the moors for more than 3000 years and traditional breeds include Exmoor Horn, Cheviot and Whiteface Dartmoor and Greyface Dartmoor sheep. Devon red cattle are also farmed in the area.

Exmoor ponies can be seen roaming freely on the moors. They are a race rather than a breed of pony, and are the closest breed remaining in Europe to Wild Horses. The ponies are rounded up once a year to be marked and checked over.

Red deer have a stronghold on the moor and can be seen on quiet hillsides in remote areas, particularly in the early morning.

The famous Beast of Exmoor is reputed to haunt the moor, with many sightings since the 1960s. It is possibly a Cougar or Black Leopard which was released sometime in the 1960s or 1970s after a law passed making it illegal for them to be kept in captivity outside zoos. It has been blamed for many sheep kills over the years.

The moorland habitat is also home to hundreds of species of birds and insects. Birds seen on the moor include Merlin, Buzzard, Peregrine Falcon, Eurasian Curlew, European Stonechat, Dipper, Dartford Warbler and Ring Ouzel.

Get in

By Train

The closest stations are Tiverton Parkway, Taunton and Barnstaple.

By Bus

Buses to the edges of the national park are plentiful. There are regular buses from Taunton to Dulverton, the 25B, and Minehead, the 28. From Barnstaple there are regular buses to Lynton & Lymouth.

See

The Valley of Rocks. A short walk from Lynton either via high up along the coast path or inland. Well known for its dramatic geology, coastline and herds of wild goats.

Villages

Villages below are in the county of Somerset unless otherwise stated.

Other beauty spots

Do

Exmoor is a great area for walking. . To get great enjoyment from this no particular fitness level is required, although there is plenty to satisfy long distance walkers too.

Eat

Plenty of Somerset produced local food and drink, boxes of fudge and clotted cream are always popular.

Sleep

Lodging

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, March 26, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.