City hall Erfurt
Street in Erfurt

Erfurt is the capital of the German state of Thuringia (Thüringen) and has about 200,000 inhabitants. It was an important trading town during the Middle Ages, and has many beautiful old buildings and parks.

Get in

By car

Erfurt lies on the intersection of two motorways (Autobahnen): A4 and A71.
Distances on the motorways to some cities: Berlin 300 km, Leipzig 150 km, Dresden 215 km, Kassel 150 - 200 km depending on route, Frankfurt 260 km, Munich (München) 400 km, Hanover 220 km

By train

Erfurt Hauptbahnhof (main train station) is a regional hub. As of March 2014, ICE and IC trains alternate hourly on their route between Leipzig and Frankfurt am Main; some long distance trains ply longer routes. Regional and local trains on multiple routes supplement travel options from / to other destinations.

As the rail lines in Eastern and Central Germany are currently being upgraded and Erfurt is due to become a major hub, expect better connections starting December 2017.

By plane

Erfurt-Weimar airport is located about 4 miles west of the city center. As of March 2014 operations are modest and mainly cater for (outgoing) holiday makers; one notable exception is a connection to London Gatwick twice a week.
Tram line number 4 offers a convenient connection to the city center and the main station in about 25 minutes (at a 20 minute interval).

A more useful airport, Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRA) is easily reachable by train.

Get around

The city centre is quite compact so walking is often the best way to explore the city. Regular tram services cover much of the city; they are supplemented by buses. On most sections trams have service intervals of at least every 10 minutes during daytime, becoming less frequent in the evenings. Night buses are available throughout the night after midnight; these run once or twice every hour and meet at the very heart of the city centre (Anger) or depart from the main station (within walking distance from Anger).
Info about public transport (in German language)


Much of Erfurt's charm is found in its narrow streets, many of which are pedestrianized, with their beautiful old houses, green areas and little bridges across the Gera river and the Stadtpark and the Nordpark on different sides of the city center.

In the tourist office you can buy a small guidebook in one of several languages that leads you through the city along the main sights.

Roland-statue bevor the Haus Zum Roten Ochesen (House to the Red Ox)
House in the street Anger Nr. 23: Papenbreerhaus



Shops on the Krämerbrücke offer unique crafts and souvenirs. Around the city centre, along the street Anger, Bahnhofstraße and all the way to the Fischmarkt and Domplatz along Schlösserstraße and Marktstraße you can find almost every apparel shop a European heart desires, from H&M over Mango to Zara, Esprit, C&A and many, many more!

There are also a few shopping malls and other shopping opportunities spread over the whole city:

Anger 1, Kaufhaus Römischer Kaiser

Be aware: most shops (besides most grocery stores) are only open until 8pm. Sundays all shops and stores are closed! (Exemption: a few Sundays each year are open for sale)


Erfurter Weihnachtsmarkt

The Thuringer Bratwurst (famous grilled sausage) comes from Erfurt, and the city has numerous stalls selling this world-famous delicacy. Don't miss out to try one or more to sample on the differences!!!



Erfurt has numerous small bars in the city center. When looking for a nice bar to have a drink or two don't miss taking a look at the Michaelisstraße near Fischmarkt where you can find numerous bars that offer a variety of drinks and snacks. Of course most of the cafes and restaurants mentioned in the "eat and drink" section also offer alcoholic beverages and are open until late.

If you intend to go clubbing or dancing, Erfurt can also offer some clubs, most of them are open on Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays.


For budget travelers Erfurt offers a few hostels and low budget hotels or pensions.

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Sunday, January 17, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.