Ein Gedi

Ein Gedi (Hebrew:עין גדי) is an oasis in the Judaean Desert, near the Dead Sea, between Masada and the caves of Qumran. The name refers to Kibbutz Ein Gedi as well as the nearby nature reserve.

Understand

Kibbutz Ein Gedi

The Ein Gedi National Park is the second largest oasis in Israel. It is one of few places in the Israeli deserts where streams are running all year long. The park is found in the Dead Sea Valley, which is an effect of the Great Rift Valley.

Four springs flow through and water the reserve all year: the David, the Arugot, the Shulamit, and the Ein Gedi springs.

Kibbutz Ein Gedi is located just south of the park. Almost the entire outdoor area of the Kibbutz is one big botanical garden with more than 900 species from the entire world. The garden, which covers about 100 dunam (10 hectares), is the only botanical garden in the world that contains a settlement inside it.

Several landscape features in the area are named after characters from the Biblical stories of King David, including the David stream itself, as well as the nearby Mount Yishay (Jesse – King David's father) and Mount Tzruya (Zeruiah – his sister). These names were chosen because the Biblical story tells that David took refuge in the Judaean Desert when he was forced to flee from his predecessor, King Saul. However, there is no indication in the Bible that he hid in this exact region.

Climate

 Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
 
Daily highs (°C) 20 22 23 30 34 37 38 38 36 33 28 22
Nightly lows (°C) 10 11 13 16 20 22 24 25 23 20 15 11
Precipitation (mm) 26 17 15 5 2 0 0 0 0 3 15 24

Ein Gedi has a desert climate, with dry, hot summers and mild winters with a bit of precipitation. The most pleasant months to visit are between November and April.

Some evenings could have strong, unpleasant winds blowing from around 17:00 to 23:00. Winter nights can get slightly cold.

In the (rare) event of rains in this area, or even uphill near Jerusalem, the area could be hit by flash floods. If the forecast is bad then entry to the reserve will be forbidden, and some roads in the area may be blocked as well. Conversely, in extremely hot days it is recommended to only take the trails going along the streams, and not those climbing up the nearby mountains.

Get in

By car

The Kibbutz and the nearby reserve are located on route 90 that drives along the Israeli coast of the Dead Sea.

From the north the route can be accessed by driving southwards on route 90, that begins in Qiryat Shemona and passes by Beth Shean.

From Jerusalem and the coastal plain it can be accessed by driving eastwards on route 1, the road that goes from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Pass by Jerusalem following the road signs to the Dead Sea. In the Lido junction, turn right and you're on route 90, driving along the Dead Sea, and should take about half an hour to reach Ein Gedi. Alternately, from central Israel, you can drive southwards towards Beer Sheva on route 40 (or on the toll-road Route 6, which then connects to route 40), then take a left either on route 31 (going through Arad and connecting to route 90 in Zohar junction) or on route 25 (through Dimona to the Arava junction, on the southern end of the Judaean desert); either way, turn left (north) on route 90.

From the south, reach the Arava road (also part of route 90) and drive northwards. After you pass the Arava junction, Ein Gedi is about 45 minutes ahead.

By bus

See and do

The Ein Gedi nature reserve

"The Window" at David Stream
The Arugot Stream "Hidden Waterfall"

  Ein Gedi Nature Reserve (Arugot Stream & David Stream) (On route 90 one km north of the Kibbutz, follow signs to the Streams),  +972 8 658-4285, fax: +972 8 652-0228. Su-Th & Sa 8:00-16:00, F 8:00-15:00; closes 1 hour later during DST; entry forbidden starting one hour before closing. Ein Gedi's biggest attraction, the nature reserve is a true oasis, with streams running with water all year long, feeding a rich greenery and a variety of desert wildlife. Use the map to find the recommended points of interest; a brochure with a map can also be obtained at the entrance. Hiking trails are detailed below. 29₪ adult, 15₪ child or senior; inclusive both streams and the ancient synagogue. Consider purchasing the Parks and Reserves "Green Card".

Lower David Stream

The most popular hike in this reserve, the David Stream Trail is very short and easy, but you'll gladly spend 1½ hours there, stopping by all the beautiful ponds. The hike begins at the nature reserve's entry gate that's just below the Ein Gedi Field School, and is clearly signed from route 90. The hike passes by several ponds until it reaches the largest one, below a tall waterfall (1). It's big and beautiful, but also dangerous – large stones are occasionally brought down by the waterfall, and they can land even in the middle of the pond, far from the bottom of the fall. For that reason, it may be advised to bathe in the other ponds earlier on the trail.

Also note that the popularity of this hike sometimes makes it very crowded, so you might not be able to find some nice, quiet place.

It's possible to walk in the running water for some of the hike, so sandals are recommended. However, it's also not a problem to avoid entering the water.

Dry canyon and the "Window" dry fall

The upper David Stream is slightly more challenging than the lower, but is still fit for a family hike (if the kids aren't the complaining type). It's a dry canyon with no running water, but has some small basins that hold water during winter. There are two ways to reach the canyon, and both will have you climbing the tall cliffs of the Judaean Desert; don't do it in exceptionally hot days, and never in mid-day. The two ways are:

  1. From Mount Yishay – Named after the father of the Biblical King David, this is the peak that rises north of the David Stream. To reach it, enter the Field School (there are signs from Route 90), then look for the backdoor in the fence (only open during daytime), beginning your climb following a black-marked hiking trail . Then, again, you'll have two options:
    1. Branch-off left when you encounter a red trail to reach the top of the dry canyon; it will take about one hour from the Field School to there.
    2. Or go all the way to the top to enjoy the view (a nice spot for watching the sunrise). To get there, keep walking the black trail until you reach a T with a green trail . Take a right on the green to climb to the top, take in the view, then climb back down the green trail all the way into the canyon itself.
  2. From the lower David Stream – The easier way, follow the trail of the lower David Stream described above until you reach the waterfall (1). Take the trail climbing southwards, following the signs to Ein Shulamit Spring and the Chalcolithic Temple ruins (3) until you reach them. From the temple, ascend north by the green trail until it crosses the canyon, then take the trail that walks inside the canyon itself. Hiking from the running waterfall (1) to that point should take about 40 minutes.

The dry canyon offers a fun trail between boulders and water basins that'll take you about 30 minutes. Be sure to follow it to its very end, where you'll encounter the Window (2) – the end of the creek where it suddenly opens in a dry waterfall, offering a magnificent view of the green, flowing part of the stream below you, with the Dead Sea beyond and the Jordanian Edom Mountains in the horizon.

Arugot Stream

A beautiful hike in an ever-flowing stream that's longer than the Lower David Stream and usually less crowded. Fit for a family hike, though it takes about 4 hours to walk it all (round trip), and probably more since you'll want to spend some time in the ponds. Most of the trail goes through water (up to knee-deep), so sandals are recommended.

Use the map and follow the roadsigns to reach the entrance. A red trail walks from there all along the stream. In several places, a blue trail branches off. The blue one is very recommended: it's parallel to the red, only it walks more in the running stream itself. You'll also reach some very nice ponds, the largest ones at the Hidden Waterfall (6) and the Upper Ponds (7).

Park rangers make sure to take all hikers out in time. Exactly two hours before the reserve is closed (that is, on 14:00, or 15:00 during DST) they'll make sure there's no one left at the Upper Ponds, and one hour later they tell everyone to leave the Hidden Waterfall. That's done because this oasis is one of the only source of water for wildlife in the region, and the animals won't come near the water as long as there are people around. Therefore, if you wish to make the entire trail all the way to the Upper Ponds (which is highly recommended), you should begin no later than 10:00-11:00 in the morning.

To keep the area clean (and so preserve the flora and fauna), it's forbidden to take out food within the confines of the reserve, except at the Hidden Waterfall (6) and the Upper Ponds (7). Fire is also forbidden, even in gas stoves, for fear of wild fires.

One-day complete tour

If you want to get a little bit of everything, follow the path described below for a medium-difficulty full-day hike.

Go through the David Stream nature reserve gate (and keep your ticket, you'll need it again later), walk up to the waterfall with the ponds (1), climb up to the Chalcolithic Temple (3), go down through the Ein Gedi Spring (4) – it has a small, built pond that's about knee deep – and reach the bottom near the Ancient Synagogue (5), which you can visit with the same ticket without any additional payment. Follow the side-road south until you reach the entry to the Arugot Stream (where you'll have to show your ticket), and walk along inside it as far as you can reach, before the park rangers say it's time to head back outside. If you enter the Arugot Stream less than 3-4 hours before closure, you'll probably won't have enough time to get to the Upper Ponds (7), since they're closed two hours before the reserve is closed. Therefore, it's advisable to rise early and keep track of the time while you walk, to make sure you'll have enough time to enjoy the ponds along the path and still manage to reach the end.

Two-day complete tour

If you'd like to get some challenge, enjoy sleeping in the wild and want to see everything the place has to offer without having to rush it, you can definitely hike for two full days in the reserve. Also, this trail doesn't take you through any of the main gates of the reserve, so you won't be required to pay. The park rangers are usually nice to backpackers and won't require any payment if you encounter them inside the reserve, but even if they do ask, the sum isn't really big.

Better to get up early, before it gets hot, and climb up from the Field School to the top of Mount Yishay (maybe even watch the sunrise from there), then go down into the dry canyon and walk up to the "Window" fall (2). Go on from there to the ruins of the Chalcolithic Temple (3), and if you have enough time – make a round trip to the ponds below (1). From the temple ruins, take the black trail up the Ein Gedi Ascent to the desert plateau, where you'll spend the night near the Ein Gedi Lookout. Do note that it's forbidden to stay within the streams themselves during the night, because you'll disturb the wild animals that come here for the only water source in the area; the reserve is heavily patrolled by park rangers. Also, don't count on making a fire, since there's virtually no wood on the plateau, and naturally it's forbidden to take any out of the streams themselves. If you wish to cook, better to use a gas stove.

Rise up next morning to watch a beautiful sunrise from the Ein Gedi Lookout, then go down the Bnei HaMoshavim Ascent (black-marked ) into the Arugot Stream, not far from the Hidden Waterfall (6). It's highly recommended to walk west up to the Upper Ponds (7), spend some time there, and then head back and exit by the reserve gate. If the time isn't too late, you can also pay a visit to the Ancient Synagogue (5) later.

Eat and drink

Also the Beit Sarah Guest House and the Country Hotel, listed in the Sleep section below, have restaurants.

Sleep

Camping

Camping is allowed for free on the Ein-Gedi coast (approx. 500 m south of the kibbutz itself), toilets and showers are on site for a small fee. The ground is a bit stony so any kind of mattress is useful.

Stay safe

Go next

Routes through Ein Gedi

Eilat Masada  S  N  Qumran Tiberias


This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Thursday, February 11, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.