Durban is located on the east coast of South Africa in the province of KwaZulu-Natal and in the municipality of eThekwini. It is the third largest city in South Africa and the busiest port in Africa. According to the 2007 Community Survey, the population of the eThekwini municipality was 3,468,086 .
Durban was originally called Port Natal, and was founded by British settlers. Indian workers were brought in to work the sugar cane plantations, making this one of the largest population centers of Indians in the world. Zulu and English are the most common languages in Durban.
The XXII Commonwealth Games will be held in Durban between 18 and 31 July 2022. The Commonwealth Games is an international multi-sport event with competitors from around 70 countries. This is likely to lead to pressure on accommodation around this time, and building work and preparations may be evident for some time before the event.
King Shaka International opened in May 2010. The old Durban International was deemed too small to handle the increase in commercial and tourist trade through Durban.
King Shaka International Airport ((IATA: DUR)), 35 km north of Durban, is served by all major South African airlines. Flights to most cities are operated. A number of smaller cities are however not connected from here. Also provides flights to Mauritius.
Taxi fares from the new airport to the hotels on Marine Parade and centre of Durban can cost well over R400 ZAR (~US $53). However, next to the taxi rank, there is an airport shuttle bus service that leaves every hour on the hour (or as soon as the bus has several passengers) for R80 ($ 10.50) per person, though it may take longer to reach your hotel. Beware, the taxi drivers can be quite aggressive and will try to intercept you before you reach the shuttle.
Durban International Airport (formerly Louis Botha Airport) is now closed. The King Shaka International Airport, at La Mercy 40 km north of Durban has been completed and is fully operational.
Virginia Airport is a small, private airport situated in Durban North just a few kilometres north of the Durban CBD and just a few kilometres south of Umhlanga Rocks. No large scale commercial flights are scheduled from this airport but you can charter a plane from companies such as King Shaka Aviation to and from this airport.
See also Discount airlines in Africa.
All national carriers and the Baz Bus offer regular services to Durban. The central bus stop is next to the central train station, Durban Station.
The central train station is in the city centre. Shosholoza Meyl operates a Friday and Sunday night train to to Johannesburg and Pietermaritzburg. This seems to be the only intercity connected from Durban.
MetroRail operates frequent commuter trains to various suburbs of Durban and towns nearby (such as Pinetown and the resort towns of both the south coast (e.g. Kelso and Park Ryne) and the north coast).
Some cruise ships dock in Durban, but generally there are limited "one-way" entries by boat to Durban. In theory passage on a freighter might be arranged, but it's not widely advertised. Cruises from Durban available on the MSC Sinfonia.
The best way to get around Durban is by car. Be sure to check that you have the latest updated street maps and/or GPS device as a number of street names have changed in recent months. It also helps to have a list of old and new names as some of the new names are vandalized.
Durban is attempting to upgrade its public bus system in time for the Commonwealth games; however, problems with the union sometimes makes buses unreliable.
Durban People Mover buses feature CCTV cameras and wheelchair-friendly ramps. They run from 6AM until 11PM every 15 minutes. These buses stop in the CBD, the Victoria Street Market, the Workshop, Suncoast Casino, Ushaka Marine World and along the beach route. (R4 per trip, valid for 1 hour on a hop-on, hop-off basis; R10 for a full day pass on a hop-on, hop-off basis).
To travel between the Berea suburbs and the city its cheaper to travel by Mynah buses, R5 off peak (8AM 3:30PM), peak 6 The Mynah buses depart from the Workshop Terminus (Pine Street Terminus) every 30 minutes to Musgrave, The Ridge, Kensington, Mitchell Park/Florida road, Tollgate(cnr Aliwal/Smith streets), To South Beach/Ushaka, North Beach/Suncoast (in Pixley ka Seme [West] Street, opposite the City Hall).
The Aqualine buses to the suburbs (depart from the Pine Street Terminus) are usually within 5 minutes of the schedule every hour.Peak cash fare can be quite steep. If you're travelling daily by bus to work, it's advisable to buy a weekly coupon, which can save you up to 35% of the cash fare. Fare, bus route & time table enquiries (+27 31 309-5942/3). However, due to the ongoing dispute some routes have be suspended. *= service suspended.
- To Bluff (route 330/338/411/418 )
- To Queensburgh catch either one of these four buses, Malvern (route 112), Montgomery road (route 113), Shalcross/Hillview (route 140), Pinetown/Westmead (*route 840/842/843/849).service suspended.
- To Glenwood catch either one of these four buses, Berea Beach (*route 022/023), Umbilo (route 007),Glenmore (*route 086), Manor Gardens (*route 084).
- To Umhlanga Rocks/Gateway Mall catch the Aqualine bus(route 716/705)outside Nando's in Pixley ka Seme (West) street, departs every hour.
- To UKZN catch the Howard College bus (*route 070)/Westville campus (*route 075).Service suspended
- To Pinetown/Westville central/Westwood mall, catch Aqualine Pinetown/Westmead bus (*route 855,857,858,870,871,873,877,886).Service suspended
- To The Pavilion mall catch the Aqualine bus (*route 853/860 )route 853 departs from the Workshop terminus and route 860 departs from North Beach near Blue Waters hotel/Suncoast casino.Service suspended
Most buses depart on the hour every hour, check the bus schedule. Please note that sometimes to get to your destination, you might have to catch a couple to three buses. When not sure about bus route number, ask the locals or the bus driver (tell him the nearest landmark to your destination). Mynah buses do not have route numbers, only the destination will be displayed on the electronic display in front of the bus. Please note that u must flag the bus down to stop at the bus stop. It is advisable to have the exact change before you board the bus and get a receipt!
By metered taxi
Registered taxis are common, generally safe and relatively inexpensive. Taxis do not rove and hence need to be called so that one can be fetched from your pick up point. A lot of these will conduct point to point transfers, airport shuttles, and corporate transfers. The ones that can be recommended for the Durban and surrounds are:
- Umhlanga Rocks Taxis (Ucabs), ph: +27 31 561-1846,
- Eagle Taxi's, ph: +27 31 337-8333
- Zippy Cabs, +27 31 202-7067,
- Mozzie Cabs, +27 31 303-5787 (local toll share: 086 066-9943),
By minibus taxi
There are also group taxis, referred to as "combi taxis" (or "minibus taxis"), that are impossible to miss as (in Durban) they're brightly decorated and always have music pumping. There is always someone hanging out of a window making the hand gestures that indicate whether there are seats available and where the combi is going. Minibus taxis are very common and less expensive than metered taxis. Strictly speaking, they are minibuses that take people to and from work, they stick to set routes and they are generally not suitable for tourists unfamiliar with the area they are going to; when in doubt stick to metered taxis or buses. There are minibus taxis plying same routes as Mynah buses, they are more frequent and faster than buses.
Rickshaw rides are offered to tourists along the beach front, for amusement rather than getting around. Watch out for the many ups and downs in the ride; the tipping back of the rickshaw cause the contents of your pockets to fall out, into the coffers of the drivers!
Uber is quite popular in Durban and SA, as is offers any fast and reliable taxi service. It's often cheaper than a metered taxi.
- JNC Helicopters, Hangar 1, Virginia Airport Glenashley, ☎ +27 31 563-9513, e-mail: FlightOps@choppers.co.za. JNC Helicopters offers VIP travel to and from any South African city as well as an infinite number of tourist flight combinations, from 20min sight seeing flights to complete tours that take you around any part of South Africa.
- King Shaka Aviation, Hangar 4, Virginia Airport, Durban North, ☎ +27 31 563-7229, fax: +27 31 563-5450, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. King Shaka Aviation is Durban & Kwazulu Natal's premier helicopter charter operator specializing in VIP charters, sceinic flights to numerous local venues, Air-lifting operations & Utility services. With the most comprehensive fleet of aircraft locally available, King Shaka Aviation is best equipped for most requirements.
- BAC Helicopters (Helicopter Rides, Tours and trips), Greystones heli port 135 Old North Coast Road Glen Anil, ☎ +27 31 569-1531, e-mail: email@example.com. Offers helicopter tours, rides and trips up the Golden Coastline of Kwa-Zulu Natal from Durban, including Game Reserves or the Drakensberg Mountains.
- Durban Botanical Gardens, ☎ +27 31 201-1303, fax: +27 31 309-1271, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Visit on a Saturday and see a mixture of Cultural weddings all having their photos taken
- Berea. This is a long ridge overlooking the harbor, city center and beaches. Once covered with coastal forest, it is now completely built up.
- Moses Madhiba Stadium. The new landmark of Durban, built for the football World Cup 2010. Catch the Skycar or walk by your self to the top of the stadium, where you will have a stuning view on downtown Durban and Berea.
- City Hall. There is an art gallery and outdated science museum inside, as well as a public library.
- The Golden Mile The Golden Mile, the nickname for the beaches near downtown that stretch along the Indian Ocean, is well known for it's excellent surfing, occasional shark attack and wide sandy beaches. Visiting around the Christmas holidays ensures a crowded experience, complete with stations for missing children, but visit at the off season and you'll practically have the place to yourself, save the serious surfers. There are also play pools and playgrounds for children along the waterfront, as well as hotel, bars and restaurants.
- Mahatma Gandhi Settlement. Tours Available
- Durban North Japanese Gardens, ☎ +27 31 563-1333. Free entrance.
- Crocodile Creek. In the ‘sugar town’ of Tongaat (just a few miles past Umhlanga) you will find Crocodile Creek, on the Tongaat river in sub-tropical bush. This creek is home to over 7000 Nile Crocodiles, Alligators, Caiman, snakes and other reptiles. The farm includes bush and hill trails, a waterfall, river plains and thatched buildings with tree top walkways. An awesome place to spend a day, refreshments are available and you can also browse through the shop which sells curios, crocodile leather goods and even croc dishes.
- Watersports. Swim, surf, canoe, snorkel, dive
- Calypso Dive & Adventure Center. Scuba Dive at uShaka Marine World. PADI 5 Star Instructor Development Center. Dive to wrecks, caves, offshore reefs. Offers 6-month "From Zero to Hero" carrer dive course.
- Skydive Durban, Pietermaritzburg Airport, ☎ +27 72 214-6040. Take a 25 minute plane ride, then 35 seconds of freefalling before the parchute opens, then a post-jump barbeque. Tandem Jump: R1.350; DVD: R400.
- Suncoast Casino, Suncoast Boulevard, Marine Parade, ☎ +27 31 328-3000, e-mail: email@example.com.
- uShaka Marine World, 1 Bell Street, ☎ +27 31 328-8000. To see the HUGE Aquarium or ride more than eight different rides in the Waterworld.
- Glenholme trail for disabled & blind persons, Glenholme Nature Reserve, ☎ +27 31 705-5448. Caters for wheelchairs and the blind with elevated walkway and guide rails and braille plaques.
- Nature Parks - There are dozens of nature reserves in the suburbs, just ask around. Please remember to be safe, there are natural hazards like snakes, and criminals like the isolation for different reasons.
- Greyville Race Course. Horseracing
- Surf Artificial Waves. At Gateway Shopping Center
- Shark Institute. Take a boat to see the shark nets that protect beachcombers from shark attack.
- Historical compensation sugar mill.
- Zimbali Golf Estate. 18 holes
- Durban Tourism (Tourist Junction), 160 Monty Naicker Road, ☎ +27 31 3044-934. The City's official tourism body can provide you with maps, accommodation information and general guidance around your trip to Durban. Tour guides, registered tour operators and approved accommodation form part of Durban Tourism's extensive services.
- KwaMuhle Museum, 130 Bram Fischer Road. The history of apartheid in Durban. Free.
- Durban Cultural and Document Centre, Corner of Epsom and Derby Street. The history of Indian indentured labour. Free.
- Old Court House Museum, 77 Aliwal Street. Monday to Saturday : 8:30 to 16:00 Sundays and Public Holidays : 11:00 to 16:00. The museum features a number of collectables in the foyer, including an extensive miniature car collection.The Daphne Strutt Costume Room features fashion from throughout the 20th century, interesting accessories such as cigarette cases, bags, shoes, jewellery and hats enhance the display. A number of rare Art Deco and Nouveau pieces make this exhibition a must for aficionados. Free.
- Poetry Africa. International Festival of Poetry. Early October every year.
- Time of the Writer. International Festival of Writing - March every year.
- Durban International Film Festival. International Festival of Film - July/August every year.
- Jomba! Contemporary Dance Festival. International Festival of Contempary Dance - every year.
- Awesome Africa. World Music Festival - September every year.
- MTN Durban Fashion Week. For all fashion-lovers! June every year. For all fashion-lovers!
- Durban July. July every year.Africa's Premier Horse-Racing Event, with plenty of celebrities and walking fashion models to bump into.
- Hindu Festivals - There are dozens of these and you'll need to ask around because they're not well publicised, but there's one in Easter in the Umbilo area where devotees walk on hot coals, and another sometime between February and July (it moves) called Kavady where the devotees pierce their backs with hooks and drag decorated portable shrines. Not to be missed!
- Umhlanga (Rocks) Festivals. Umhlanga is one of the most sought after beach holiday destinations in SA. It is popular with both local and international visitors. It sees a fair amount of internationals the world over who come to shop, unwind, party and have fun on one of the most beautiful coastlines in the world. It is located on the east coast of SA, 15min north of the port city of Durban. Some of the best accommodation options with excellent holiday apartments, luxury hotels, lodges and guesthouses are dotted around Umhlanga. It is fast becoming an attraction with its winter and summer festivals, street cafe culture, restaurants and pubs.
Its winter festival is held on the main beach and the summer festival on the main street where live jazz bands play out late into the evening A must to visit.
Popular items to buy are Zulu beadwork, wirework, wicker work - from baskets and sustainable conference bags to fantastic lights and furniture, Spices - anyone dare 'mother-in-law's revenge' ? Fantastic!
- Gateway Theater of Shopping, a mall situated to the North of Durban along the M4 or N2 highways. Believed to be the largest in the southern hemisphere. Also offers a great range of kids' entertainment like a skateboard park and an artificial wave in the Wavehouse to test your surfing abilities.
- Essenwood Craft Market - For a true taste of South Africa look out for a guy selling biltong (South African jerky). A good place to buy curios, and don't be afraid to haggle. Last time I was there I found some beautiful Zimbabwean soap-stone sculptures at a very good price. Only open certain weekends so please check local listings.
- The Pavilion - A large shopping mall with a good range of shops, situated in the Westville suburb of Durban.
- African Arts Center at Tourist Junction on West Street
- BAT Center on the harbor front
As Durban has one of the largest Indian populations outside of India itself, a Durban curry is a popular dish and can range from mild to very hot. There is also the Bunny Chow which is unique to the city, a quarter loaf of bread hollowed out and filled with a curry of your choice. Check out the Workshop restaurants for some of the best bunny chow in the city. Or head over to the Indian neighborhood near Victoria Market for more authentic Durban Indian food.
Good Indian dining is at Vintage Restaurant next to Bean Bag Bohemia - Windemere Road
Try the Roma Revolving Restaurant at the top of John Ross House on the Esplanade for Italian food and the best view of Durban.
Wilson's Wharf a long pier build into the harbour, hosts a wide selection of international restaurants and watch the busiest harbor in Africa's activity. Take in a show afterwards at the upstairs Catalina theater.
Try Morningside restaurants, along Florida Road, for trendy cafe sidewalk eateries including one Italian style, Spiga d'Oro, frequented so often by South Africa's notorious businessman, Schabir Shaik, that a dish is named in his honor 'Pasta a la Shaik'. Bill Clinton and Bill Gates ate at "Spice" set off the busy street in a quiet upstairs courtyard. And nearby, be nearly guaranteed to rub shoulders with the up-and-coming in-crowd at the Bean Bag Bohemia, Windermere Road, a restaurant that makes great dining an artistic event.
Definitely try some 'biltong' when you're in South Africa. Its South African-style jerky and available in a whole range of flavors and textures.
Zacks, located at Wilson's wharf on Victoria's embankment is a popular place to get thirst quenching drinks and just relax and enjoy the view of the harbor. Joe Kool's, on the beachfront is also well known as the best place for a "sundowner" after a long day on the beach. Check out their roof-top deck for the best views. The BAT Centre, on the port is also a good place for a quick meal or drink. There's free jazz most nights as well as other concerts, hip-hop and the occasional poetry slam. The Firkin is a micro-brewery on the top floor of the Pavilion shopping centre in Westville. It has some great ales and beers and good snacks at reasonable prices.Tilted house is a trendy place situated in the city center in an old Victorian house. It has its own VIP section, but it is open to the beautiful as well as important. Cool Runnings is a reggeaton place with cheap beer and a relaxed atmosphere. Burn is a good concert scene for Metal and Rock music with club evenings every weekend. Durban is known for it`s pot and you will easily find it around the clubs, but beware that the police does care if tourists break the law and you can be thrown out of the country if you are caught with it.
- Florida Road 275, ☎ +27 31 312-3355. Definitely the happening street in Durban. Restaurants, Bars Cafe's Boutique shopping the in happy friendly Durban hang out. Durban's most interesting book shop, Book Base also located at the top of Florida Road (275) and is open every day. Lots of interesting material of historical interest, Zulu Wars etc to be seen.
- The Origin, Glenwood. Club with focus on electronic dance music.
- The Winston Pub, Glenwood. Regular rock concerts and monthly drum & bass party
- Freedom Café, 34 St Marys Ave, Morningside. This hidden café offers great coffee, breakfast and lunch.
|This guide uses the following price ranges for a standard double room:|
|Mid-range||R500 to R1000|
- African Sunrise Backpackers & Lodge (Valley of 1000 Hills), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Artery Rock Cottages located outside Durban. Dorm bed:.
- Ansteys Beach Backpackers International, 477 marine Drive, Bluff. Run by Palmbloom family. Great atmosphere. Surf lessons, pool table, table tennis, dartboard, paintball, swimming pool, DVDs, beach horse rides, dive courses, braai, golf, kite/windsurfing, dolphin/whale watching. Dorm bed: R 140 pp.
- Banana Backpackers, Pine Street and Prince Alfred Road, ☎ +27 31 368-4062. Close to the beach, the ICC, the mall and the city center. Pool, bar, internet, DSTV, laundry. Shuttle service. Tour booking. dorm beds. R 120 per person.
- Black Mamba Backpackers Lodge (Valley of 1000 Hills, Close to Tala Game Reserve and Phezulu Crocodile Farm), ☎ +27 31 765-4063. Jacuzzi under the stars, shower in the open air, snuggle around the bonfire. Free airport and shopping cneter pick ups/drop offs, free internet, kitchen, bar.
- Gibela Backpackers Lodge, ☎ +27 31 303-6291, e-mail: email@example.com. This lodge has placed itself high with international and local travellers alike. It is a 4 star graded property by the South African Tourism Grading Council and is the 2008 winner in the South African Tourism Welcome Awards - Backpacking. It is also offers a totally smoke free environment, including the garden. From R 150 pps,.
- Happy Hippo, 222 Point Rd (Mahatma Gandhi Road), Waterfront, ☎ +27 31 718-1196. Located 500m from the beach, but not the safest area. Rooftop bar, wi-fi. Kitchen, nice rooms. Dorm bed: R155; Doubles: R270; Ensuite doubles R390.
- Hippo Hide, 2 Jesmond Road, Berea, ☎ +27 31 207-4366. Private wooden huts, entertainment area. Dorm: R 140.
- Nomads Backpackers, 70 Essenwood Rd, ☎ +27 31 202-9709. Since 1995. Log beds. Fans. Bambooza bar & Restaurant. Dor bed: R150; Doubles/Twins: R280; Triple: R300.
- On The Beach. Luxurious ensuite rooms with sea view. Air-conditioned dorms. Walking distance to La Lucia Mall. Dorm bed: R 260.
- Smiths Cottage. Cozy and tranquil, with pool and tropical garden. Shuttle service. Dorm bed: R170; Doubles: R275; Cottage: R600.
- Tekweni Backpackers, 169 9th Avenue, ☎ +27 31 303-1433, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The most fun place to stay in Durban. Offers local tours, barbeques, walking distance to Durban Stattion. Dorm bed: R 135..
- Crooked Tree Cottage, Corner of Hiken Dr& Pearl Drive, Umhlanga, ☎ +27 31 561-5759, e-mail: email@example.com. From R400pps.
- Northway Lodge, 28 Northway Dr, Durban North, ☎ +27 31 563-9687, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. From R350pps.
- Nunuburd Lodge, 74 Clair Avenue, Manor Ridge. Doubles/Twins: R190pp; Triples: R170pp, Quads: R160pp.
- Umdloti Letting & Sales (Umdloti Beach), fax: +27 86 547-0695, e-mail: email@example.com. 2bed apartment: R542pn, 3bed apartment: R642pn.
- The Grange Guest House, 1 Monteith Place, ☎ +27 31 563-6826, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Upper Durban North, quiet, prestigious area, centrally located leafy suburban setting. Most rooms have sea views, huge family rooms and a wheelchair friendly room, r400-500 per person.
- Lazy Lizard Guesthouse, Umhlanga Rocks, Kwa-Zulu Natal. Nestled in the heart of prestigious Umhlanga Rocks, the Lazy Lizard Guesthouse offers private, up market accommodation for both the holiday maker and the discerning business executive.
- Hampshire Hotel Ballito, Lot 4048 Moffatt Drive, Ballito, ☎ +27 32 586-6000. Hampshire Hotel Ballito, a South Africa luxury hotel near Durban, offers access to the beach, conference and meeting venues and special deals for family holidays, weekend getaways & business travel.
- The Quays, Timeball Square, Waterfront, ☎ +27 31 310-6900, e-mail: email@example.com. From R2,220 per suite.
- Quarters Hotel, 101 Florida Road, Morningside, ☎ +27 31 303-5246, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. From860pps.
- Durban Self Catering Accommodation. An Exclusive Private Beach House, With sea views spanning from Ballito in the North, to the Durban Point and light house in the South. The part of the beach it is on is usually very quiet. From R950.
The beach strip is frequently patrolled by policemen, there are CCTV cameras and many lights at night. As everywhere else, there are several basic safety rules to follow. Avoid dark, deserted areas, and do not go out alone in the early hours of the morning. The promenade along the beach is safe to walk, but do not venture to the side and back roads of the hotels.
Avoid the Point Road (aka Mahatma Gandhi Road) area at all times.
At night, it is still a good idea to stick to the main streets and not go out at night unless you are very familiar with a particular area. Avoid the usually busy central business district, which is empty after dark. Above all, use common sense.
Remember, you're a tourist, not a celebrity. Dress down to blend in with the people in the CBD (keep the fancy stuff to a minimum).
The harbour area is quite safe, as are the shopping malls and higher residential areas.
The Point, the area between downtown and the port, is known for prostitution and cheap hotels has higher crime rate (although parts are currently undergoing a massive redevelopment). Avoid walking here alone or at night and take cars or metered taxis if you need to go to this area. .
Street children can be a problem, and its best to keep clear of them. Many sniff glue, carry knives, and act quite unpredictably.
- Travel vaccines and general practitioner services available at Umhlanga Sports and Travel Clinic Umhlanga Hospital Helipad, 323 Umhlanga Rocks Drive, Umhlanga Rocks. +27 31 560-5569
- United States, Old Mutual Bldg, 303 West St, ☎ +27 31 305-7600, fax: +27 31 305-7691, e-mail: email@example.com.
Guides & Info
- Durban Tourism (Official Tourism Organisation for the City of Durban), 90 Florida Road, Durban, ☎ +27 31 322 4164, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- 5 Star Durban (Quarterly Tourism Publication), http://www.5stardurban.co.za, e-mail: email@example.com.
- eThekwini Municipality (Durban Metro Municipality), ☎ +27 31 311 1111, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Tourism KwaZulu-Natal (Official Tourism Organisation for KZN Province), Tourist Junction Building, 3rd Floor, 160 Pine Street, Durban, ☎ +27 31 366 7500, fax: +27 31 305 6693, e-mail: email@example.com.
- Umhlanga Nature reserve
- Go south along the Sunshine and Wild Coast through South Coast and to East London, Port Elizabeth and the Garden Route
- Go south along the Hisbiscus Coast through Port Shepstone, visit the Oribi gorge and blue flag beaches.
- Go up the North Coast and visit Ballito, the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park and the iSimangaliso Wetland Park or drive further on to Swaziland.
- Valley of 1000 hills , ☎ +27 31 736-2323, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. With breathtaking views, more than 10 nature reserves, hiking trails, cultural villages and much more. This is an area not to miss when you visit KwaZulu-Natal