Cherkasy

Cherkasy (Ukrainian: Черкаси), is a city, located in Central Ukraine. It is the capital of the Cherkasy Oblast (province). The city is the cultural, educational and industrial center. The population is 287,583 (as of 2011).

Understand

Founded around 1280's. In the 1360s, the city becoming a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. At that time was a fortified town on the south edge (of Grand Duchy of Lithuania), along with Vinnytsya, Bratslav and Kaniv making defensive line from Crimean Tatars. During 15th-16th centuries, Cherkassians took part in military marches against Tatars and Turkish. After the Union of Lublin in 1569 Cherkasy became a part of Poland. Cherkasy was the center of Cossacks, citizens took part in Khmelnychchyna and Koliyivschyna (cossacks' and peasants' rebellions) in the 18th century. After the Second Partition of Poland the city was incorporated into the Kievan Guberniya of the Imperial Russia. In the second half of the 19th century the city got railrod and its experienced a great economical growth. After the October revolution in 1917 Cherkasy fell under Soviet rule. The Second World War damaged the city greatly. In the 1960s Cherkasy became the chemical giant of the Ukrainian SSR, after "Azot" (the biggest nitrogen fertilizer producing plant), "Himvolokno" (artificial fiber manufacturing plant), "Himreaktyv" (chemical reagents for military purposes) and many others were built in the city. In 1961 a Kremenchuk hydro power plant was built, forming Kremenchuk Water Reservoir with the longest dyke in Ukraine (15 km) with rail and road on it. The city is a big transport hub. The city located on the high right bank of the Dnipro River, in the middle of the Kremenchuk Reservoir, mostly on lowlands.

Climate

The climate is mild continental, with mild winters and warm (or hot) summers. Winters are usually cold and snowy (January is −5.9 °C), severe frosts (up to −25 °C) can be happen. Summers are dry and warm (the average temperature in July is +19.8 °C), with occasional highs reaching +35 °C (95 °F).

Get in

By plane

By bus

By train

By car

Two major automobile routes are going through the city - H16 (Uman-Zolotonosha, national route) and P10 (Kaniv-Kremenchuk, regional route). Kiev is 200 km north from here.

Get around

Trolleybus routes

Public transport is represented by trolleybuses and buses. On the bank of Kremenchuk reservoir is a small riverport, occasional tour boats staying there. (Речной вокзал - ул.Героев Сталинграда, 1) From/to the surrounding villages are regular suburban bus service.

See

Hill of Glory

Churches

Museums

Cherkasy Oblast Local History Museum

Further afield

Dnieper River and Kaniv Reservoir

Do

Cinemas

Parks

Swimming

Sport-entertainment centers

Theaters

Events

Buy

Banks

Hypermarkets

Malls

Markets

Stores

Eat

Drink

Sleep

Learn

Connect

Dialing code of Cherkasy: 380 (472). - Major mobile operators Kyivstar, MTC, Life :)

Post-office

Scope

Go next


This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, September 26, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.