- Virac - the capital and largest town in Catanduanes.
- San Andres (Calolbon)
- San Miguel
- Panganiban (Payo)
Catanduanes is located in the heart of the typhoon belt, and it is not unusual to experience a typhoon at any time during the year. However, its geographic location facing the open Pacific Ocean has enabled.
The Catholic religion is heavily practiced throughout the island. Many of the major annual events and festivals center on religious holidays.
Two dialects of Bicol are spoken in Catanduanes, Northern Catanduanes and South Catanduanes. However, Tagalog and English are both widely spoken and understood.
Transportation options to the rest of the Philippines all connect through Virac.
The main airport for the island is located just outside Virac. Asian Spirit provides flights daily, which last 1 hour and 15 minutes directly to Manila.
There are regular ferries that connect Virac to the port of Tabaco, from where one can take an overnight bus to Manila and to other destinations in Luzon.
The primary mode of transportation in and around Catanduanes is by tricycle, which are motorcycles with an enclosed sidecar for passengers and are prevalent throughout the Philippines. Because the island is relatively unurbanized, many roads, especially those away from the major towns, are unpaved and are subject to wash-outs and mudslides during and after periods of heavy rain.
- Puraran Beach - Located on the eastern coast of the island, Puraran contains the famous "Majestics" surfing spot, which can have some very impressive waves but can also be dangerous, so it is only for the experienced surfer. There are several thatched-roof huts to sit at and enjoy the beach.
- Igang Twin Rock Beach Resort is located just south of Virac. There is a P50 entrance fee.
- Marinawa Falls is a set of cascading cataracts about 7km north of Virac. It is possible to swim and bathe in the pools at the base of the waterfalls, and there are picnic areas.
- Mamangal Beach is another white sand beach close to San Andres town.
- Bato Church - one of the earliest churches built by the conquering Spaniards.
- Virac Cathedral - located in the center of Virac