Cagayan de Oro

Cagayan de Oro, often abbreviated CDO and sometimes called just "Cagayan", is known as the "City of Golden Friendship". It's the provincial capital of the Province of Misamis Oriental and the "Gateway of Northern Mindanao".

Located along the northern coastline on Mindanao island in the southern part of the Philippines, it serves as the regional center being the most populous highly-urbanized city in Northern Mindanao (Region X). According to the 2007 Census, the city has a population of about 550,000 people.



Cagayan de Oro has a tropical climate. The average temperature the whole year round is 28°C (82°F). The highest recorded temperature in the city was 39°C (102°F) in June 1998. Cagayan de Oro receives a relatively even amount of rain throughout the year. The driest month is April, while July is the wettest. Wet season in the city starts in June and ends in November. Drier season starts in December and ends in May. However, the difference in seasons is not very noticeable in the city, there are sunny and rainy days throughout the year and the rain is usually strong but brief (you will notice the season if hiking or driving on dirt roads in the highlands inland from Cagayan de Oro as it gets muddier). The city is outside the typhoon belt.


Roman Catholicism is the city's dominant religion, with almost 80% of the population. There are also a large number of Seventh Day Adventists, Iglesia ni Cristo, Protestants and Muslims in the city. Recently, the Basilica of the Black Nazarene in Quiapo Church has also decided to move the replica statue of the Black Nazarene to Nazareno Parish Church, so that Nazarene devotees from Mindanao may not have to travel to Quiapo Church in Manila for their annual pilgrimage.


The city celebrates its foundation day every 28 Aug, hence it is under the patronage of Señor San Agustin. Kagay-an Festival is held every 26-28 Aug in celebration of Cagayan de Oro's patron, Señor San Agustin. The highlights of the Kagay-an Festival are the Agro-Trade Fair, Miss Kagay-an, Higaonon Street Dancing, Golden Float Parade and Halad sa Lambagohan. There are also cultural shows, competitions and celebrity concerts.

Local news

English is a popular language in Cagyan de Oro and you can read local news from magazines like PhilStar. Checking out recent news from Cagayan de Oro before leaving, can give you an image of what is going on when you arrive.


Bisayan (Cebuano), Tagalog and English is the city's main language. Other ethnic dialects in the city are Hiligaynon, Ilongo, Maranao, Waray among others. It is very easy as a visitor to travel, shop and meet people using only English.

Get in

Cagayan de Oro is accessible by land, air and water.

By plane

(Lumbia Airport, once the second busiest on Mindanao, has been defunct as a civilian facility since being taken over by the Philippine Air Force in June 2013.)

Arrival Area of Laguindingan International Airport (despite the name, there are currently only domestic flights)

Laguindingan Airport (Cebuano: Tugpahanan sa Laguindingan, IATA: CGY) is 46km (29 mi) north-west of Cagayan de Oro and also serves the city of Iligan. It's still often called Cagayan de Oro Airport and has flights from Cebu, Manila, Davao, and Iloilo. Airlines such as Philippine Airlines, and budget carrier Cebu Pacific use it.

An air-con Magnum Shuttle can take you to Limketkai mall for ₱199.

By boat

  Cagayan de Oro Port. Serves regular 2GO Travel ferries to and from Manila, Cebu City, Bacolod, Iloilo. Trans Asia ferries go to and from Cebu and Tagbilaran on Bohol. The port has two authorized cargo-handling operators and is one of the busiest seaports in the Philippines.

Tickets for some ferry lines are sold at offices to your right as you enter the port compund. Other lines have offices across the street from the compund entrance.

By bus

There are three integrated bus and jeepney terminals, which offer regular services:

Common routes;

The bus station is inside the city market. There are a few (mid/expensive) hotels nearby, and you can take Jeepney R2 to Pesoria for the town center.

Get around

Buses, jeepneys, taxis, multi-cabs and the motorelas (similar to Thailand's tuk-tuks) are the main modes of land transportation within the city. White and yellow colored air-conditioned taxis with meters installed, and car rentals are also available. As a visitor, do not agree to a flat-rate taxi fare unless you want to pay triple the meter rate: insist on meter only ("meter-plus 50" for an airport or late-night pick up). Motorellas are slow but you don't have to wait long for them to fill with passengers. They travel set routes, but will give you custom service for a negotiated price. Jeepneys are perfectly safe during the day and cost only a tenth of a taxi ride. If it doesn't take you where you meant to go, then you can take one to a large hub, where you can continue with another one. Try to find a full one, since an empty one will wait for more passengers. At night you may have to be careful with the drunks, since robberies do happen. Keep your cell phone and camera in your bag and your bag in your lap.

There are A/c vans from CDO Airport to downtown CDO from ₱130.00




Shopping malls & supermarkets


Banks & ATMs

What to buy

Cagayan De Oro's native delicacies:







Mid-range over php 700 a night

Special price


Stay healthy

Go next

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Sunday, March 27, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.