Budapest/Central Pest

Districts VI., VII. and VIII., named Terezvaros, Erzsébetváros, and Józsefváros respectively, form the Central Pest around the core downtown district of V. Much like Belváros, they are full of ornate historic buildings from the 19th century, as well as mnay of the most famous attractions. The area also includes two major railway stations - Keleti, where most of the international and intercity trains arrive, and Nyugati, which in. al. connects the city with Liszt Ferenc Airport.

The main feature of Central Pest is Andrássy út, the avenue built to emulate the Champs-Élysées of Paris. It connects the Erzsébet Square in V. District and Heroes' Square in City Park. It crosses the körút (boulevard ringroad) at the always-busy Oktogon square, which got its name from its shape. At the end of Andrássy út the City Park (Városliget) is probably the most pleasant of Pest's districts and houses a number of interesting if low-key attractions often skipped by the package tour companies. The area is easily accessible with the yellow subway line (nearest station : Hősök tere) and entry into the park, including the castle grounds, is free. This boulevard and its surroundings, include the Jewish Quarter. All this area, including the Underground Railway is part of the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Understand

Jewish quarter

This area of the Hungarian capital is also known as the Jewish Quarter. It was established as such at the turn of the 19th century, when the Jewish community gathered in this district, along the road leading to the bridge that crosses the Danube. The center of this area became Kiraly Street. Budapest today is home to the largest Jewish community in Central Europe. This area one can find most of Budapest's site's of Jewish cultural heritage, like the „Synagogue Triangle.” (This was also where in 1944 the Pest Ghetto was built.) At Dohany Street 2. you will find the world's second largest and Europe's largest synagogue, the Dohany Street Synagogue. The site of this building is also the birthplace of Theodor Herzl, Father of Zionism. In the garden is the Martyrs' Cemetery and the Raoul Wallenberg Memorial. Adjacent to the temple is the Jewish Museum.

The second point of the Triangle is the synagogue on Rumbach Street, also known as „the little synagogue.” The third point is the Kazinczy Street Orthodox Synagogue. This area is home to kosher shops and Budapest's only mikveh (ritual bath). This historic district, as a part of the city's rehabilitation strategy, started to look towards youth culture and tourism in recent years: from 2002 some now very popular cafes, bars and summer music venues opened in buildings that were earlier considered for demolition: the Szimpla, the Gozsdu Mano Klub, or the Koleves (Stone Soup) to name a few. Since then the area, especially Kazinczy Street is not only known for its rich history and cultural heritage, but for it's unique cultural present, with "ruin pubs," art and design shops, like the Kék Ló (Blue Horse)and Printa graphic design studio which incidentally also function as pubs/cafes. In 2002 this historic neighborhood bordered by Kiraly and Csanyi Street, Klauzal Square, Kisdiofa and Dohany Street and Karoly Boulevard was named the old Jewish Quarter of Pest and was entered into the UNESCO World Heritage Conservation Zone.

Get in

Budapest-Keleti

Getting into Central Pest is very easy - in fact, if you are arriving to Budapest by plane or by train, this is where you will probably start your visit or at least you will need to pass by. Budapest's two main railway stations - Keleti and Nyugati - are in Central Pest.

Budapest-Nyugati

Get around

Parking

See

Erzsébetváros

Erzsébetváros (lit. "Elizabethtown") is traditional name of the VII. district. The name refers to Empress Elizabeth of Austria and Hungary, popularly known as Sissi. This is the smallest of Budapest's 23 districts, covering only 2 km2.

Holy Places

Dohány Street Synagogue in Elizabethtown
Inside the Rumbach Street Synagogue
Parish Church of St. Elizabeth

Other Monuments

New York Palace, District VII., Elizabethtown
Klauzál Square market hall, Elizabethtown
Our Lady of Hungarians Church

Józsefváros

Józsefváros is traditional name of the VIII. district, literally meaning "Josephtown" and referring to Emperor Joseph II of Austria and Hungary. This neighborhood is a happy, swarming place with scores of students and several cafés and pizzerias. Keleti (Eastern) Railway Station is located at the junction of 7th, 8th and 14th districts.

Holy Places

St. Joseph's church
Interior of St. Joseph's church
Chapel of Saint Roch
National Museum

Museums

The National Museum is well worth visiting for the interior itself
Natural History Museum
National Educational Library and Museum

Others

Gutenberg-home, Józsefváros
Józsefváros Railway Station
Eötvös Loránd University
Map of Kerepesi Cemetery
Batthyány mausoleum, Kerepesi Cemetery
Drexler Palace, the former Institute of Ballet

Terézváros

This is traditional name of the VI. district. "Teréz" refers to Empress Maria Theresa of Austria and Hungary.

St. Teresa of Avila Church
Peek behind the Nyugati terminal building to find this charming little gem of a courtyard
Anker Palace
The House of Terror

Do

Baths

Rent bicycles

Cinemas

Uránia Corvin

Parks

Ice Skating

Tennis

Theatres

Budapest Operetta Theatre
Hungarian State Opera House

Buy

Banks

Inside the WestEnd City Center

Malls and department stores

Markets

Supermarkets

Hypermarkets

Andrássy Avenue, from Octogon Square to Heroes Square

Other

Eat

Coffeehouses

Hauer Confectionery
Octogon Square

Restaurants

This page uses the following price ranges for a typical meal for one, including soft drink:
Budget Under HUF2000
Mid-range HUF2000-3500
Splurge Above HUF3500

Budget

Mid-range

Splurge

Drink

There are dozens of romkocsma (literally translated: ruin-pubs) in city centre (V.-VI.-VII. districts). These inhabit ruined courts of old houses, therefore they are hard to be found. Ask locals for hints and go for the unique post-socialist atmosphere!

Sleep

Camping

Camping Haller, Budapest

Budget

The tree-lined Andrassy Avenue
You will find many hotels of various standards around Blaha Lujza square

Mid-range

Dózsa György út projects a modern image
Astoria square in an intersection that got its colloquial name from the Grand Hotel Astoria, which got officially recognized with the opening of the Metro station there.

Splurge

New York Café. It was called the ‘most wonderful café in the world’

Cope

Pharmacies

Connect

Internet

Post Offices

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Tuesday, March 15, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.