The city of Maresha, mentioned several times in the Bible, was located here. Later on, in the Roman period, the neighboring town of Beit Guvrin grew to become a major regional center: Eleutheropolis (Greek, Ελευθερόπολις, "Free City"). Today you can see ruins from these ancient cities, including burial caves, agricultural facilities, and an amphitheater.
A complex of underground structures, an ancient “city under a city”, consisting of man-made caves, excavated from the thick and homogenous layer of soft chalk in Lower Judea is situated below the ancient twin towns of Maresha and Bet Guvrin. It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2014.
Bus 66 runs to/from Kiryat Gat 6 times a day each direction. The bus is operated by Dan BaDarom. By car, the site is about 15km east of Kiryat Gat or south of Beit Shemesh.
In the region there are many caves used as hiding places by Bar Kochba's fighters in the Jewish rebellion against the Romans in the second century.