Bergen (Germany)

St. Lambert's Church, Bergen

Bergen is a town in the north of Celle district on the Lüneburg Heath in Lower Saxony, Germany. The infamous Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was located not far from Belsen, one of several farming villages in the borough.

Bergen is a former agricultural town, but today is economically heavily dependent on the surrounding military bases and the Bergen-Hohne Training Area to the west, which is the largest military training area in Western Europe.

Understand

Bergen was first mentioned in 1197 and was a centre of local government, the seat of the sheriff (Amtsvogtei) and, later, the Royal Hanoverian Office. After the Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia in 1866, Bergen was absorbed into Fallingbostel district. In the reorganisation of 1885, however, Bergen was transferred into the newly formed Celle district.

Bergen town hall

Bergen's development as a market town was rather slow during the Middle Ages and the early part of the Modern Age, hampered by serious fires in 1354, 1585 and 1796, but the agricultural reform in the 19th century and the town's connexion to the Celle–Soltau railway led to far-reaching changes. The biggest change, however, was the creation of Bergen-Hohne Training Area in 1935 by the Nazis, which led to Bergen's transformation from an agriculturally-based village into the small town it is today, characterised by trade and commerce with agriculture having largely lost its significance.

Today Bergen is a local borough town in the northern part of Celle district and is, after Celle, the only political entity in the district, having been granted the status of a town since 1957. In the community reorganisation of 1971, Bergen was given responsibility for the parishes of Becklingen, Belsen, Bleckmar, Diesten, Dohnsen, Eversen, Hagen, Hassel, Nindorf, Offen, Sülze and Wardböhmen. That significantly increased the size of its population and area. Today around 17,000 people live in the town of Bergen, including about 3,000 members of the British Forces and their families.

Get in

By car

Bergen is located on the main B3 route which runs from north to south between Soltau and Celle. Access from Hanover centre (nearest City) would be via the A37 which connects to the B3 in an north-easterly direction. The journey is approx 70 kilometres and will take approximately 50 minutes.

Driving from Bremen will be on the autobahn A27 which connects to the A7 to the south-east of Walsrode. The A7 runs south for a further 14 kilometres and the junction for the Celle route is Buchholz. The B214 from Buchholz to Celle centre is a direct route with a distance of 28 kilometres and an average driving time of 30 minutes.

Travelling from the north (Hamburg) is also via the route A7 and the junction to the south-east of Soltau leads directly onto the B3. The B3 route to Bergen is a journey of approx 100 km taking 1 hour and is through very pleasant undulating countryside.

By bus

There is a local bus runs regularly between Celle and Bergen. * Celle Bus (CeBus GmbH & Co. KG), Nienburger Strasse 50,  +49 51 41 48 70 80, fax: +49 51 41 48 70 839, e-mail: . Celle has an extensive bus network within the centre and to local attractions with various options offering discounts for a multitude of circumstances. These include discounted fares for families, senior citizens, children, students, combination tickets with train travel, travelling with pets or bicycles, city travel, 48 hour travel, and group cards. A comprehensive list is available on the website detailing prices, timings, routes and other helpful information. The direct bus route between Celle and Bergen is No. 1-15. There is also the Entdecker Bus which a tourist bus running through the villages in the Region and goes as far as Celle Bahnhof station (http://www.entdeckerbus-suedheide.de/)

By train

It has 3 railway stations, but they are exclusively for freight or the storage of goods wagons, the nearest passenger train station is located in Celle, here you can connect to the main rail system with trains to the major cities of Hamburg and Hannover which is where you will also find the nearest International airports. Celle Bahnhof runs a variety of localised trains and is also a stop for the ICE trains running on the Hamburg to Hanover route. Trains to Hanover and Hamburg stop hourly at the station as do individual ICE trains during busy periods. Metronom trains link Celle to Uelzen, Hannover and Göttingen as part of the regional transport network. Celle is also the terminus for routes S6 and S7 of the Hanover S-Bahn network. Links to the east and west are not part of the structured bahnhof system so Hanover is the better option for travelling more extensively around the area.

The Deutsche Bahn railway station (Bahnhofsplatz 6, tel. 0049 5141 42020, )in Celle is approximately a fifteen minute walk or a five minute taxi ride west of the Celle Altstadt.

By plane

Parking

Get around

Bergen is not a large town and one can walk to most places quite easily. There is no local public transport but there are plenty of Taxi's available. The nearest railway station is at Celle. For information on events and things going on in the town, you can pick up information at the Rathaus or go to Bergen Online at http://www.bergen-online.de/index1024_e.htm most parts of the site are in English and give details of most local events.

There is also the Entdecker Bus which a tourist bus running through the villages in the Region and goes as far as Celle Bahnhof station (http://www.entdeckerbus-suedheide.de/). This is a subsidised route for the holiday season and normally runs from the end of June until mid October, costing approx €3 per person per day with children under 14 travelling free. For this, you can board/alight throughout the day at any of the predetermined stops. You may also take your bicycle as there is space allocated for them.

See

Bergen Museum
Bergen Museum

Museums

Places of Interest

Memorial

Bergen-Belsen concentration camp memorial

Parks

Places of Worship

Do

Walking

01. St. Lambertus Church (St.Lambertikirche), Am Friedensplatz 2; 02. Dairy Farm (Müller-Meierhof), Lukenstraße 5; 03. Gasthaus Kohlmann, Lukenstraße 6; 04. Town Community Centre (Stadthaus), Lange Straße 1; 05. Town Archives (Stadtarchiv), Am Museum 2; 06. Preceptor's House (Präzeptorhaus), Schulstraße 10-12; 07. Römstedthaus Local History Museum (Heimatmuseum Römstedthaus), Am Friedensplatz 7; 08. Four-poster farmhouse (Vierständerhaus), Deichend 14; 09. French Barracks (Franzosenkaserne), Deichend 16; 10. Town Hall (Rathaus) Deichend 5-7; 11. Registry Office (Standesamt), Deichend 3.

Sport

Touring

Cycling

The Arts

Buy

Eat

Budget

Mid-range

Splurge

Drink

Bars

Coffee shops

Sleep

Camping

Bergen Stellplatz

Budget

Mid-range

Connect

Cope

Go next

Bergen is an ideal place to stay if you enjoy cycling or walking, there are numerous small roads and tracks that give you access to the largely unspoilt countryside. From most places within Bergen it will only take you a 10 min walk before you are away from the main roads and out into the woods and fields.

There are plenty of small villages and towns to explore in the local area and many of these villages have walks/cycles/attractions. There is a local bus service which runs during the peak summer period, the Entdecker Bus which goes through the villages in the Region and as far as Celle Bahnhof station (http://www.entdeckerbus-suedheide.de/). It normally runs from the end of June until mid October, costing approx €3 per person per day with children under 14 travelling free. For this, you can board/alight throughout the day at any of the predetermined stops. You may also take your bicycle as there is space allocated for them. This service is aimed at tourists and facilitating their visiting the many small villages in the area.

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