Ayvalik

Çınarlı (centre) and Saatli (right) Mosques, both former Greek Orthodox churches

Ayvalık is a city in Northern Aegean, Turkey. It’s located on the southern coast of the Gulf of Edremit (part of Aegean Sea), across from the eastern coast of Greek island of Lesvos, opposite its capital (Mytilene).

Understand

Ayvalık was an important trade centre during Ottoman times, it had an autonomous status and many European powers even set up consulates. The city then was almost completely inhabited by Greeks, who were exchanged with Turks from Crete when a population swap was mandated between governments of Turkey and Greece in 1923. The fusion of local Greek and Cretan cultures caused the character of today’s Ayvalık: while most of the physical historical heritage is clearly Greek, the everyday culture lived on the streets between those buildings, including the local food, is mainly Cretan.

Ayvalık’s ancient name was Kydonia. Although both Kydonia and Ayvalık means ‘the place of quince’, the city is rather known for (and indeed surrounded by) a seemingly endless forest formed by olive trees. Olive has been important to Ayvalık in all ages, as it has been revered by both former Greek residents and present Cretan ‘immigrants’ (who live in Ayvalık for at least three generations).

Ayvalık is one of two bigger towns in northern Aegean Region which has achieved to conserve its traditional architecture (to a high degree, that is), with the other such town being Foça, which is located about 60 km north of Izmir.

Get in

By plane

The nearest airport is Edremit Korfez Airport(EDO) which is 40 km distance and has direct flights from Istanbul and Ankara. A larger and international airport, Izmir's Adnan Menderes Airport(ADB) is 175 km away.

By train

The nearest station is Balikesir, on the line between Izmir (Basmane station) and Bandirma on the Sea of Marmara (with fast ferry connections to Istanbul). There are two trains in each direction every day except Tuesday, when only one of the trains runs.

Between Balıkesir and Ayvalık, the bus takes about 1 h 45 min.

By car

The city is located close to (approx. 5 km away) main Çanakkale-Izmir highway (road number: D550/E87). Those approaching from Istanbul may consider taking one of car ferries to Bandirma to shorten total driving time.

By bus

Otogar (bus station) is located in town centre, near the waterfront. It's about 15-20 minutes on foot away from town square.

By boat

Ferries connect Ayvalik with the Greek island of Lesvos daily during the high season. A round trip costs € 35/person, a one way trip is €29/person, tickets can be bought from several different offices found on the main road around the harbour in Mitylini - Lesvos. In low and shoulder season however there are only 4 ferries per week.

Get around

Local buses run frequently from Alibey Island(Cunda) to the center and from Ali Cetinkaya to Camlik districts. As a more comfortable and faster option, "Dolmus" taxis run from Alibey Island(Cunda) and from Ali Cetinkaya to 41 Evler districts. There is also a ferry operating between Alibey Island(Cunda) and Ayvalik town center in the summer months.

See

Waterfront of Cunda Island from the sea

The island is also famous for its fish; you can see fish restaurants located next to each other by the seaside.

Do

Buy

Everything related to olive: Olive oil, brined olives, castile soap… Take a stroll in the famous street market "Persembe Pazari" on Thursdays in the narrow streets in the back of the town center.

Eat

Local cuisine heavily features seafood and wild herbs, served cooked or raw, usually dressed with olive oil. This is a tradition largely unusual to the rest of the country, brought to town by Cretan immigrants.

Local cuisine can be had at numerous restaurants both in downtown and on Cunda Island.

Sleep

No: 18, Merkez,  +90 266 312-21-75, e-mail: . Guesthouse with garden

No: 10, Çamlık,  +90 266 312-48-88, e-mail: . Guesthouse with garden

Connect

(+90) 266 is Ayvalik’s telephone code.

Go next

Routes through Ayvalik

Çanakkale Burhaniye  N  S  Dikili Izmir


This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Thursday, August 13, 2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.