Not to be confused with Ayutthaya in Thailand.

Ayodhya is an ancient city and the old capital of Awadh, in Uttar Pradesh in India.


Ayodhya is one of the major holy cities of Hinduism - the world's 3rd-largest religion. It has a central role in the ancient Indian epic, the Ramayana, whose protagonist Lord Rama is God incarnated on Earth as the prince of Ayodhya. The epic describes Lord Rama's 14 year exile, his victory over evil and his grand return with his wife Sita to Ayodhya to become king. This return to Ayodhya is celebrated as Diwali, the leading festival of hundreds of millions of Hindus world-wide. Consequently Lord Rama's reign over Ayodhya and its surroundings, called Ram Rajya, is the epitome of good governance and moral society in the Hindu tradition.

The story of Rama has transcended into a great inspirational story and parable for children and adults around the world. Ayodhya has come to symbolise inner peace, joy and spiritual upliftment.

However, there are less savory aspects to Ayodhya's history. In 1527, the Mughal Emperor Babur had a mosque constructed at the site in Ayodhya traditionally associated with the birth of Rama. The resulting Babri Mosque, which became a focal point of grievances against actions taken by Muslims to deprecate Hinduism, was ultimately destroyed by demonstrators in 1992. Following the destruction, thousands of people were killed in acts of terrorism and intercommunal violence, especially in Gujarat.

Get in

By air

Faizabad has an Airport at Naka, near Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia University, but no regular airlines services are available. Nearest airport is Lucknow (about 130 km).

By train

Trains are available from Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi and Allahabad.

Ayodhya is 6 km from Faizabad on banks of Saryu River, birth place of Lord Rama

By land

The city is about 130 km from Lucknow, 200 km from Varanasi, 160 km from Allahabad, 140 km from Gorakhpur and about 636 km from Delhi. Buses are frequently available from Lucknow, Delhi and Gorakhpur. Buses are also available from Varanasi, Allahabad and other places.


Saryu River Bank
Vijayraghaw temple


Ayodhya being a sacred religious place, has lots to offer to a spiritual mind. Some of the fairs and festivals Ayodhya is famous for are


You can buy Ramnama towel, chundri, kurta and handicraft bags, tulsi mala, ramdana, Ramayana, books, sweet ball (laddoo).


Options are limited to local eateries/restaurants which offer largely vegetarian food.

You can get wines, water, fruit juice, cold drinks, etc.



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This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Sunday, February 07, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.