Art Deco architecture

Art Deco architecture is a very characteristic form of early 20th-century architecture that shaped the skylines of many cities around the world. Some of the most famous skyscrapers still standing and in daily use today, as well as many smaller buildings and structures, are in Art Deco style.

Chrysler Building, New York City

Understand

Art Deco is short for Arts Décoratifs — French for "Decorative Arts" — and originally referred to an exposition that took place in Paris in 1925. However, the movement encompassed much more than what people think of today as decorative art objects. Instead, Art Deco sought to combine functionality with a celebration of the technology of the Machine Age on the one hand and the beauty of decoration, including updated references to traditional and ancient motifs, on the other. Some of these motifs are geometric, while others involve depictions of foliage, animals, people or gods, or even hood ornaments from cars, as is the case on the Chrysler Building in New York City, which has such ornaments in place of gargoyles, high up on the sides of the building's exterior. There was also a subset of Art Deco architecture that was specifically inspired by Mayan art. One example of this style is the Mayan Theater, now Club Mayan in Downtown Los Angeles. However, various ancient civilizations influenced the Art Deco style, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome. In addition, the Cubist style in painting and sculpture also had an influence on Art Deco architecture, particularly some of the forms in Art Deco reliefs, and also inasmuch as Art Deco employed various shapes similar to some of those used in Cubist geometrical simplifications of natural forms.

Mayan Theater, Los Angeles

Common elements of Art Deco architecture

See

Notable examples of Art Deco architecture

Asia

Cathay Theatre, French Concession, Shanghai
China

As Shanghai was a rollicking and largely European-dominated city in the 20s and 30s before World War II, it has notable Art Deco buildings, and although their size is dwarfed by the skyscrapers built since the 1990s, they still have prominence in parts of the city, particularly the Bund and former French Concession.

There are also a few Art Deco buildings that were constructed in Changchun when the city was the capital of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo between 1932 and 1945.

Indonesia

Bandung has a large number of Art Deco buildings built by the Dutch when they still ruled the lands then known as the Dutch East Indies, and many of them are quite distinctive and beautiful.

Africa

Angola

In addition to the beautiful colonial architecture, the Portuguese rule left behind many Art Deco buildings in the country, many of which have happily escaped the long civil war. They can be seen mainly in Luanda, the national capital.

Eritrea

You might not expect to see Art Deco buildings in Eritrea, but if you go to Asmara, you can. Eritrea was under Italian occupation from 1890 until Mussolini's troops were defeated by Britain in the Battle of Keren in 1941, and the Italians were certainly influenced by Art Deco. Have a look at the Cinema Impero and Fiat Tagliero buildings if you are in Asmara.

Europe

Greece

The Italians brought their love of Art Deco to the Dodecanese during their rule of the archipelago roughly between the World Wars, building the planned town of Lakki (Italian: Portolago) on the island of Leros, which they envisioned as a great naval base in the Eastern Mediterranean and where a mansion built for the fascist dictator Mussolini still stands. Among others, the church of Agios Nikolaos, probably the only Art Deco Greek Orthodox house of worship in the world, is especially notable. The principal town of the nearby island of Kos, levelled during a 1933 earthquake, was also re-built by the Italians on a new plan, filled with buildings that have varying degrees of Art Deco influence.

France

France was the birthplace of Art Deco, and while there are not too many examples in Paris, there are numerous Art Deco buildings scattered throughout the country. One notable example is the magnificent Palais de la Méditerranée in Nice, which now houses the local Hyatt Regency hotel.

Turkey

In the 1930s, a period of quick modernization during the early decades of the republic, Turkey saw a great upswing in railtrack constructions, and the accompanying train stations were built in the most fashionable style of the era. As such, the sides of the railways all over the country, but especially in the east where the coming of the age of steam and trains coincided with that of Art Deco, are littered with Art Deco station buildings small and big, one impressive example being the central station of the capital, Ankara, while the relatively smaller sized station of the major railway junction of Afyon in the west of the country is also worth a look if you happen to be nearby.

United Kingdom

Art Deco was a popular style in the United Kingdom, although sadly many buildings have not survived. Many cinemas, department stores and seaside hotels and attractions, as well as housing including blocks of flats (apartments) were built in the style. In London several Underground stations in outer boroughs are in an Art Deco style. Buildings of note in London include Battersea Power Station, Victoria Coach Station, BBC Broadcasting House and The Dorchester Hotel.

North America

Kidson's Corner Building, Napier

There are many, many Art Deco buildings throughout North America.

Mexico

Mexico City has some important Art Deco buildings, including the magnificent and fanciful Palacio de Bellas Artes.

United States of America
Edificio Kavanagh, Buenos Aires

Of particular note in the United States is the landmarked Art Deco District in Miami Beach.

In New York City, notable Art Deco buildings include not only the Chrysler Building but also the Empire State Building and the entire Rockefeller Center complex — all in Midtown Manhattan — and the Central Library of the Brooklyn Public Library at Grand Army Plaza.

Oceania

New Zealand

Napier, New Zealand, having been destroyed by an earthquake in 1931, is chock-full of Art Deco buildings constructed when the city was rebuilt. Anyone who is a big fan of Art Deco and wants to see it in quantity should consider a trip to Napier. Nearby Hastings also has buildings from the same period, and there are several Art Deco buildings in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand.

South America

Argentina

There are many Art Deco buildings in Argentina, especially in Buenos Aires. Included among them is the striking Edificio Kavanagh, a skyscraper, which is depicted in this article.

Uruguay

Across Rio de la Plata from Buenos Aires, the Uruguayan capital, Montevideo, also has some fine Art Deco buildings, most notably the Palacio Salvo, which towers over the city from its location in the heart of downtown.

Do

Many Art Deco buildings were built as theaters, concert halls, cinemas or libraries, and quite a few still function as such. Some of them have been converted into nightclubs, restaurants or shops.

Sleep

Quite a few Art Deco buildings are hotels. In Shanghai alone, these include the Hotel Metropole, Peace Hotel, Park Hotel, and the original Jinjiang Hotel on Maoming Road. Miami Beach has many original Art Deco hotels near the beach.

This article is issued from Wikivoyage - version of the Saturday, February 27, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.